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won election of 1860, republican, president during Civil War, credited with ending slavery and opposed the expansion of slavery
Ulysses S. Grant
union general credited with winning the civil war. Republican president from 1869-1877
was a robber baron who led the steel industry with his company "Carnegie Steel" which became US Steel
Booker T. Washington
an early opponent of segregation who founded the Tuskegee Institute, which was a trade school for African Americans
WW1 hero, single -handedly killed 25 German machine gunners and captured 132 German soldiers
William Howard Taft
won the presidential election of 1908, republican, Roosevelt's hand picked successor
Bill of Rights
first 10 amendments to the constitution that protected citizen's rights against the government
Separation of power
the framers of the constitution broke up the federal government into three separate but equal branches to ensure that no one branch of government had too much power
Compromise of 1850
compromise between the north and the south that admitted California into the union as a free state, abolished the slave trade in Washington D.C., enacted a stricter fugitive slave law, and made congress promise not to restrict the expansion of slavery into the territory gained by the war with Mexico
Appomattox Court House
location where General Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant officially ending the Civil War
amendment that granted African Americans full rights as citizens and prevented states from depriving them of life, liberty or property without due process of the law
government agency created after civil war to help American Americans find jobs, a place to live, and get educated
after the Kansas-Nebraska act was passed, both pro-slavery and anti-slavery groups flooded into Kansas to sway the vote. Because the two sides hated each other, fighting broke out
Battle of Little Bighorn
battle where General George Custer and his men were wiped out by Cheyenne and Sioux warriors led by Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse
a building in which several families rent rooms or apartments, often with little sanitation or safety
a new way for people to buy goods where they no longer had to go to the store to buy goods
new type of music with strong rhythms, a lively melody, and accent notes that was popular in the early 1900s
variety show that offered various acts, such as dancing, singing, comedy, and magi shows that was popular in the early 1900s
temporary loans to the government that would be paid back to the government over time and helped pay for world war I
the movement of hundreds of thousands of African Americans from rural areas in the south to northern cities in search of jobs and to escape racism
job is to enforce and carry out the laws and consists of the president and his cabinet
term is four years, must be 35 years old and a natural born citizen and must live in the United States 14 years prior to running.
job is to make the laws and consists of the house of representatives and the senate
must be 30 years old, be a citizen for 9 years, and live in the state you represent and have a 6 years term
House of representatives
must be 25 years old, be a citizen for 7 years, and live in the state you represent and have a 2 year term
job is to interpret the laws and punish lawbreakers and consists of the supreme court and lesser courts
On April 12th, 1861 in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina the fort was being held by the union army and was running low on supplies. Lincoln tried to send in troops and in response the confederate army fired upon the fort, marking the beginning of the Civil War.
Railroads' effect on land
helped with westward expansion and getting goods and people to the west and getting things back from the west, but also contributed to the extinction of the buffalo
Railroads' effect on Native Americans
forced Native Americans out of their homes and created conflict between Native Americans and the United States
Union Pacific Company
railroad company that built from Missouri westward, employed ex-slaves and European immigrants (mostly Irish), and had less harsh terrain than other company
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