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Terms in this set (14)
What type of macromolecule is an enzyme?
What do enzymes do?
speed up chemical reactions
Are enzymes reusable?
Yes, they are.
What are enzymes also known as?
Types of enzyme are:
Build up substrate
What do enzymes work on?
Enzymes work on substrate, they fit perfectly into active sites
Analogy for Enzymes
Lock and Key 🔐
in order for a reaction to occur, there must be both sufficient energy and specific orientation present
Conditions for an enzyme to be most optimum:
High substrate concentration (Too much or too little substrate slows the reaction)
Optimum temperature and temperature: (More heat, ,ore energy, more reactions; too much heat causes denaturation)
High enzyme concentration: Optimum reactions
What do proteases and peptidases do?
Break down proteins into peptides and amino acids
What do lipases do?
splits fats into three fatty acids and glycerol
What do amylases do?
split carbs into simple sugars
What do nucleases do?
split nucleic acids into nucleotides
process of an enzyme
a. Active sites match up with their substrate
b. Using a lock and key mechanism, they lock in place
c. Once the substrate is in the active site, the reaction takes place
d. The required product is produced and the enzyme releases itself
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