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What is the 2nd step of urine production when water and solutes are returned to the blood in the kidneys called?
What is it when H+, K+ creatinine and drugs are removed from the blood and into filtrate?
Urine Specific Gravity
What is a measure of the concentration or amount of substances dissolved in urine?
When a pt has the inability to dilute or concentrate urine there specific gravity would be considered what?
What is a highly acidic substance formed when the liver breaks down free fatty acids in the absence of insulin?
What is the form of sugar that circulates in the blood and provides the major source of energy for body tissues. When its level is low, we feel hunger?
What is abnormal presence of a hemoglobin-like chemical of muscle tissue in urine that is the result of muscle deterioration?
What common crystals of dogs and cats are normal in alkaline urine, granules or sand-like appearance, colorless, occasionally clumped also confused with bacteria is called what?
These crystals are usually seen as fine brownish needles. These can be associated with severe liver disease in humans, but they are very rarely seen in domestic animals are called what?
These cystine crystals are shaped like stop signs. (Cystine crystals are quite rare, most often seen as a congenital defect in Dalmations)?
inborn error of metabolism; colorless hexagonal plates; confirmation test cyanide-nitroprusside test Called what?
This crystal may precipitate as orange to reddish-brown granules or needle-like crystals. They can be found in low numbers routinely in canine urine, especially in highly concentrated samples?
What cylindrical aggregations of particulate matter that form in the distal nephron, dislodge, and eventually pass into the urine?
what type of casts are the "plug" of cells, and they indicate inflammation of the kidney?
What cast grayish or colorless, highly refractile, appear very solid, broken off square ends?
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