Chapter 10 Vocab
Chapter 10 Vocab from the textbook: World Civilizations: The Global Experience, Fifth Edition by Peter N. Stearns
Terms in this set (31)
An outbreak of bubonic plague that spread across Asia, North Africa, and Europe in the mid-fourteenth century, carrying off vast numbers of persons.
Ferdinand and Isabella
This was the king and queen of Spain who took over the Catholic Spain and started the Spanish Inquisition
A Crusade from 1202 to 1204 that was diverted into a battle for Constantinople and failed to recapture Jerusalem
Holy Roman Empire
Loose federation of mostly German states and principalities, headed by an emperor elected by the princes. It lasted from 962 to 1806.
Hundred Years War
The series of wars between England and France, 1337-1453, in which England lost all its possessions in France except Calais.
This document was signed by King John in 1215. It was the first document that limited the power of the government.
Economic system during the Middle Ages that revolved around self-sufficient farming estates where lords and peasants shared the land.
The historical period from around 500 A.D. up to around 1450 A.D. between the fall of Rome and the birth of the Renaissance
The system of philosophy dominant in medieval Europe
(Roman Catholic Church) Italian theologian and Doctor of the Church who is remembered for his attempt to reconcile faith and reason in a comprehensive theology
William the Conqueror
Duke of Normandy who led the Norman invasion of England and became the first Norman to be King of England
A political and social system that developed during the Middle Ages; nobles offered protection and land in return for service
King of the Franks who conquered much of Western Europe, great patron of leterature and learning
Benedict of Nursia
Italian monk who created a set of rules for Western monasteries in the 6th century
Pope Gregory VII
Fought lay investiture by issuing a decree forbidding high-ranking clerics from receiving their investiture from lay leaders
(1096 - 1099) Crusade called by Pope Urban II which captured Jerusalem. (only militarily successful Crusade)
Francis of Assisi
Italian monk who founded the Franciscan order; he devoted his life to serving the poor and sick.
A series of holy wars from 1096-1270 AD undertaken by European Christians to free the Holy Land from Muslim rule.
Pope Urban II
Pope who called for the first crusade to reclaim Jerusalem from the Muslims
Bodies representing privileged groups; institutionalized the feudal principle that rulers should consult their vassals.
Rural laborers, or peasants, who were not allowed to move away from the land on which they worked
A style of architecture developed in northern France that spread throughout Europe between the 12th and 16th centuries
Association of merchants or artisans who cooperated to protect their economic interests
Lesser lords who pledged their service and loyalty to a greater lord -- in a military capacity
Roman Catholic Church
This powerful religion exerted considerable control over European society during the Middle Ages. It prompted some to challenge its doctrines during the protestant Reformation where it began losing power
(1189 - 1192) Crusade led by King Richard the Lionhearted to recapture the city of Jerusalem from Islamic forces led by Saladin; failed in attempt.
The head of the Roman Catholic Church
Battle of Tours
732 AD Christians defeat Muslim invaders and stop the spread of Islam into Europe
Scandinavian pirates who plundered the coasts of Europe from the 8th to 10th centuries.
a style of architecture developed in Italy and western Europe between the Roman and the Gothic styles after 1000 AD
Group of Germanic people who rose to prominence under the leadership of King Clovis
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