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AP LANG VOCAB 7-9
Terms in this set (45)
adj. pertaining to cows or cattle
Example: The large animal figures in the cave drawing depicted bovine creatures.
adj. young and inexperienced
ant: mature; sophisticated
Example: The callow boy left for the war, but a cynical man returned.
n. a minor offense; a misdeed
Example: Stealing tips from the table was a peccadillo in Bill's mind, but a major defense to the minds of the waiters.
n. a division I two parts
Example: Disagreements among board members created a dichotomy in the charitable organizations.
adj. visible to the naked eye
Example: On a clear night, the Milky Way appears macroscopic.
v.to make an excuse for
Example: The boy tried to rationalize his absence from school.
adj. evident or obvious
syn: indisputable; apparent
Example: When the electronics store saw the patent abuse of the game system, they refused to grant a refund.
n. a sound made by bell, often rung slowly for a death or funeral
Example: The knell church bell told the town that Gertrude had passed away.
v. to search or drive out
Example: John knew the answer was in the text, but he just couldn't ferret it out
adj. foolish; inane
ant: sensible; wise
Her fatuous simpering began to grate on our news.
adj. skillful; clever
syn: dexterous; apt
ant: clumsy; awkward
Example: He was not an adroit speaker, but he was a genius with numbers.
n. a phony attitude; pose
syn: insincerity; sham
ant: sincerity; genuineness
Example: Ginger could not stand the affectations of the girls in the fashion clique.
adj. using few words; short; concise
syn: pithy; taciturn
ant: verbose; loquacious
Example: He was a laconic man who was always brief when giving instructions.
n. and essential quality
Example: Patience is the quiddity of a good teacher
adj. wise; having keen precipitation and sound judgement
syn: shrewd; intelligent
ant: obtuse; fatuous
Example: The sagacious old man always had the answers to moral problems.
(noun) an omen or a sign
Example: To many, the black cat is a harbinger of bad luck.
Synonyms: warning, portent
(verb) to frolic; to romp about playfully
Example: The preschoolers liked to gambol about on the playground.
Synonyms: play; caper; rollick
(noun) a swamp; a difficult or inextricable situation
Example: The war was a political quagmire for three U.S. presidents.
(noun) causing cancer
Example: Benzene, a component of gasoline, is a carcinogen.
(adjective) absurd; distorted
Example: The boy made a grotesque mask for Halloween.
(adjective) open- mouthed; surprised; agog
Example: Even the judge was agape when the witness told the ridiculous story in court.
(adjective) difficult to understand; profound
Example: Only a few students understood the recondite explanation of the theory.
(verb) to criticize sharply
Example: The judge censured the repeat offender for his criminal behavior.
Synonyms: condemn; reproach.
Antonyms: praise; applaud
(verb) to kill someone as a sacrificial victim, usually by fire
Example: Some Buddhist monks immolated themselves in protest of the government
(noun) a strict disciplinarian; taskmaster
Example: The teacher was a martinet who never made exceptions to the rules.
(verb) to scoff; to ridicule
Example: His favorite pastime was to gibe at everything his wife said.
Synonyms: jeer; taunt; sneer
Antonyms: compliment; praise
(adjective) pertaining to smell
Example: If you have a cold, then your olfactory senses will not detect the gas leak.
(adjective) domineering; haughty
Example: The judge pronounced his findings in an imperious voice.
Synonyms: overhearing; arrogant; masterful
Antonyms: servile; submissive
(noun) a new word or expression
Example: Some writers coin neologisms to confuse and impress their readers.
(adjective) commonplace; overused
Example: "Good as gold" is a hackneyed expression.
Synonyms: trite, banal
Antonyms: fresh; imaginative
(adj.) having a negative effect; insulting
Example: Lenny resigned after overhearing his coworkers' pejorative remarks.
Synonyms: disparaging; derogatory
(noun) one who enjoys his or her own pain and suffering
Example: Sue accused her friend of being a masochist because he refused to go to
the doctor despite his broken toes.
(adj.) impressive; showy; magnificent
Example: The huge amphitheater was the perfect venue to listen to the grandiose
music of the symphony orchestra.
Synonyms: stately; imposing
(noun) a peculiar personality trait
Example: Hiding money in tin cans was only one of the old man's idiosyncrasies.
Synonyms: eccentricity; quirk
(noun) clothing; garments
Example: The royal raiment of the princess is copied by the fashion industry for the
(adj.) suitable for marriage in age and physical development, referring to a female
Example: In six years, she grew from a skinny twelve-year-old to a nubile young woman.
(noun) an evil design or plan
Example: Once again, the superhero foiled the machinations of the evil scientist.
Synonyms: scheme; plot
(adj.) choosing from various sources
Example: The eclectic furnishings were from many different nations and historical periods.
(verb) to ridicule; to mock
Example: The unpopular professor derided students who made mistakes.
(adj.) wise; full of knowledge
Example: Everyone sought advice from the sapient monk who lived on the mountain.
Antonyms: fatuous; inane
(adj.) imaginary; fantastic
Example: Little Tina had a chimerical notion that rabbits lived in trees.
Synonyms: absurd; illusionary
(noun) diplomacy; tact; artful management
Example:The diplomat had the finesse to deal with the troublesome nation.
Synonyms: skill; cunning
(adjective) different; dissimilar
Example: The platoon was a heterogenous group of young men from various backgrounds.
Synonyms: diverse; varied
Antonyms: homogeneous; similar
(verb) to whiten; to make pale
Sue's face blanched when she saw the charred remains of her house.
(noun) anything of mixed origin
Example: The hybrid roses had the best traits of two different species.
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