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1,311 terms

Unit 2

STUDY
PLAY
, ab (+ABL)
from; by
abeo, abire, abii
go away
abicio, abicere, abieci
throw away
absum, abesse, afui
be gone, be absent, be away
accido, accidere, accidi
happen
accipio, accipere, accepi
accept, take in, receive
accurrens, accurrens, accurrens, gen. accurrentis
running up
accuso, accusare, accusavi
accuse
acetum, aceti, n.
vinegar
acriter
keenly, fiercely
actor, actoris, m.
actor
ad (+ACC)
to
adeo, adire, adii
approach, go up to
adeo
so much, so greatly
adhibeo, adhibere, adhibui
use, apply
preces adhibere
offer prayers
adiuvo, adiuvare, adiuvi
help
administrans, administrans, administrans, gen. administrantis
managing
administro, administrare, administravi
manage
admitto, admittere, admisi
admit, let in
adoro, adorare, adoravi
worship
adsum, adesse, adfui
be here, be present
advenio, advenire, adveni
arrive
aedificium, aedificii, n.
building
aedifico, aedificare, aedificavi
build
aeger, aegra, aegrum
sick, ill
Aegyptius, Aegyptia, Aegyptium
Egyptian
Aegyptus, Aegypti, f.
Egypt
aeneus, aenea, aeneum
made of bronze
aequua, aequa, aequum
fair
Aethiopes, Aethiopum, m.f.pl.
Ethiopians
affligo, affligere, afflixi
afflict, hurt
ager, agri, m.
field
agilis, agilis, agile
nimble, agile
agitans, agitans, agitans, gen. agitanis
chasing, hunting
agito, agitare, agitavi
chase, hunt
agmen, agminis, n.
column (of people), procession
agnosco, agnoscere, agnovi
recognize
agnus, agni, m.
lamb
ago, agere, egi
do, act
age!
come on!
fabulam agere
act in a play
gratias agere
thank, give thanks
negotium agere
do business, work
quid agis?
how are you?
agricola, agricolae, m.
farmer
ala, alae, f.
wing
Alexandrinus, Alexandrina, Alexandrinum
Alexandrian
aliquando
sometimes
aliquid
something
alius, alia, aliud
other, another, else
alter, altera, alterum
the other, the second
altus, alta, altum
deep
in altum
onto the deep, towards the open sea
ambulo, ambulare, ambulavi
walk
amica, amicae, f.
friend
amitto, amittere, amisi
loser
amo, amare, amavi
love, like
amphora, amphorae, f.
wine-jar
amuletum, amuleti, m.
amulet, lucky charm
ancilla, ancillae, f.
slave-girl, slave-woman
animal, animalis, n.
animal
animus, animi, m.
spirit, soul
animum recipere
recover consciousness
annus, anni, m.
year
antea
before
antiquus, antiqua, antiquum
old, ancient
anulus, anuli, m.
ring
anus, anus, f.
old woman
anxius, anxia, anxium
anxious
aperio, aperire, aperui
open
appareo, apparere, apparui
appear
appropinquo, appropinquare, appropinquavi (+DAT)
approach, come near to
apud (+ACC)
among, at the house of
aqua, aquae, f.
water
aquila, aquilae, f.
eagle
ara, arae, f.
altar
Arabs, Arabs, Arabs, gen. Arabis
Arabian
aranea, araneae, f.
spider's web, cobweb
arator, aratoris, m.
plowman
arca, arcae, f.
strong-box, chest
arcesso, arcessere, acressivi
summon, send for
architectus, architecti, m.
builder, architect
ardeo, ardere, arsi
burn, be on fire
area, areae, f.
courtyard
arena, arenae, f.
arena
argenteus, argentea, argenteum
made of silver
armarium, armarii, n.
chest, cupboard
ars, artis, f.
art, skill
ascendo, ascendere, ascendi
climb, rise
asinus, asini, m.
ass, donkey
assidue
continually
astrologus, astrologi, m.
astrologer
Athenae, Athenarum, f. pl.
Athens
Atheniensis, Atheniensis, Atheniense
Athenian
athleta, athletae, m.
athlete
atrium, atrii, n.
atrium, reception hall
attonitus, attonita, attonitum
astonished
audax, audax, audax, gen. audacis
bold, daring
audeo, audere
dare
audio, audire, audivi
hear, listen to
aula, aulae, f.
palace
auratus, aurata, auratum
gilded, gold-plated
aureus, aurea, aureum
golden, made of gold
aureus, aurei, m.
gold coin, gold piece
auris, auris, f.
ear
autem
however, but
auxilium, auxilii, n.
help
avarus, avara, avarum
miserly, stingy
avarus, avari, m.
miser
avidus, avida, avidum
eager
balo, balare, balavi
bleat
barbarus, barbari, m.
barbarian
bene
well
benignitas, benignitatis f.
kindness
benignus, benigna, benignum
kind
bestia, bestiae, f.
wild animal, beast
bibo, bibere, bibi
drink
bonus, bona, bonum
good
Britanni, Britannorum, m. pl.
Britons
Britannia, Britanniae, f.
Britain
Britannicus, Britannica, Britannicum
British
Brundishium, Brundisii, n.
Brindisi (a port on the Adriatic Sea)
cachinnans, cachinnans, cachinnans, gen. cachinnantis
laughing, cackling
cachinno, cachinnare, cachinnavi
laugh, cackle, roar with laughter
cado, cadere, cecidi
fall
caedo, caedere, cecidi
kill
caelum, caeli, n.
sky
caerimonia, caerimoniae, f.
ceremony
caeruleus, caerulea, caeruleum
blue
caesus, caesa, caesum
killed
calco, calcare, calcavi
step on
caldarium, caldari, n.
hot room (at the baths)
callidus, callida, callidum
clever, smart
candelabrum, candelabri, n.
lamp-stand, candelabrum
candidatus, candidati, m.
candidate
canis, canis, m.
dog
canistrum, canistri, n.
basket
cantans, cantans, cantans, gen. cantantis
singing, chanting
canto, cantare, cantavi
sing, chant
capilli, capillorum, m. pl.
hair
capio, capere, cepi
take, catch, capture
consilium capere
make a plan, have an idea
captus, capta, captum
taken, caught, captured
caput, capitis, n.
head
carmen, carminis, n.
song
carnifex, carnificis, m.
executioner
carus, cara, carum
dear
casa, casae, f.
small house, cottage
castigo, castigatre, castigavi
scold, nag
caudex, caudicis, m.
blockhead, idiot
caupo, cauponis, m.
innkeeper
caute
cautiously
cecidi
SEE cado
cecidi
SEE caedo
cedo, cedere, cessi
give in, yield
celebro, celebrare, celebravi
celebrate
celeriter
quicly, fast
celerius
faster
celerrime
very quickly
quam celerrime
as quickly as possible
cella, cellae, f.
sanctuary
cellarius, cellarii, m.
(house) steward
celo, celare, celavi
hide
cena, cenae, f.
dinner
ceno, cenare, cenavi
eat dinner, dine
centum
a hundred
centurio, centurionis, m.
centurion
cepi
SEE capio
cera, cerae, f.
wax, wax tablet
ceratus, cerata, ceratum
wax, made of wax
certamen, certaminis, n.
struggle, contest
certamen navale
boat race
certo, certare, certavi
compete
certus, certa, certum
certain, infallible
cessi
SEE cedo
ceteri, ceterae, cetera
the others, the rest
Chaldaei, Chaldaeorum, m. pl.
Chaldeans
cibus, cibi, m.
food
cinis, cineris, m.
ash
circum (+ACC)
around
circumspecto, circumspectare, circumspectavi
look around
circumvenio, circumvenire, circumveni
surround
citharoedus, citharoedi, m.
cithara player
civis, civis, m. f.
citizen
clades, cladis, f.
disaster
clam
secretly, in private
clamans, clamans, clamans, gen. clamantis
shouting
clamo, clamare, clamavi
shout
clamor, clamoris, m.
shout, uproar, racket
claudico, claudicare, claudicavi
be lame
claudo, claudere, clausi
shut, close, block
coepi
I began
cogito, cogitare, cogitavi
think, consider
cognosco, cognoscere, cognovi
find out, get to know
collectus, collecta, collectum
gathered, assembled
collegium, collegii, n.
guild, association of craftsmen
colligo, colligere, collegi
gtather, collect, assemble
colloco, collocare, collocavi
place, put
colonia, coloniae, f.
town (settled by Roman army veterans)
columba, columbae, f.
dove, pigeon
comes, cimitis, m. f.
comrade, companion
comis, comis, come
polite, courteous, friendly
comiter
politely, courteously
commemoro, commemorare, commemoravi
talk about
commodus, commoda, commodum
convenient
commotus, commota, commotum
moved, upset, affected, alarmed, excited, distressed
comparo, comparare, comparavi
obtain
competitor, competitoris, m.
competitor
compleo, complere, complevi
fill
compono, componere, composui
put together, arrange, mix, make up
conduco, conducere, conduxi
hire
confectus, confecta, confectum
finished
conficio, conficere, confeci
finish
rem conficere
finish the job
confido, confidere (+DAT)
trust
conicio, conicere, coneci
hurl, throw
coniungo, coniungere, coniunxi
join
se coniungere
join
coniuration, coniurationis, f.
plot, conspiracy
coniuro, coniurare, coniuravi
plot, conspire
conscendo, conscendere, consecravi
dedicate
consentio, consentire, consensi
agree
consero, conserere, conserui
stitich
consido, considere, consedi
sit down
consilium, consilii, n.
plan, idea
consilium capere
make a plan, have an idea
consisto, consistere, constiti
stand one's ground, stand firm
conspicio, conspicere, conspexi
catch sight of
consumo, consumere, consumpsi
eat
contendo, contendere, contendi
hurry
contentio, contentionis, f.
argument
contentus, contenta, contentum
satisfied
contra (+ACC)
against
controversia, controversiae, f.
debate
convenio, convenire, conveni
come together, gather, meet
converto, convertere, converti
turn
se convertere
turn
coquo, coquere, coxi
cook
coquus, coqui, m.
cook
coronoa, coronoae, f.
garland, wreath, crown
cotidie
every day
credo credere, credidi (+DAT)
trust, believe, have faith in
crines, crinium, m. pl.
hair
croceus, crocea, croceum
yellow
crocodilus, crocodili, m.
crocodile
crudelis, crudelis, crudele
cruel
cubiculum, cubiculi, n.
bedroom
cucurri
SEE curro
culina, culinae, f.
kitchen
cum (+ABL)
with
cumulus, cumuli, m.
pile
cupio, cupere, cupivi
want
cur?
why?
cura, curae, f.
care
curo, curare, curavi
take care of, supervise
nihil curo
I don't care
currens, currens, currens, gen. currentis
running
curro, currere, cucurri
run
cursus, cursus, m.
course
custodio, custodire, custodivi
guard
custos, custodis, m.
guard
cutis, cutis, f.
skin
dare
SEE do
de (+ABL)
from, down from; about
dea, deae, f.
goddess
debeo, debere, debui
owe, ought, should, must
decem
ten
decido, decidere, decidi
fall down
decipio, decipere, decepi
deceive, trick
decorus, decora, decorum
right, proper
dedi
SEE do
defendo, defendere, defendi
defend
deicio, deicere, deieci
throw down, throw
deinde
then
delecto, delectare, delectavi
delight, please
deleo, delere, delevi
destroy
deliciae, deliciarum, f. pl.
darling
deligatus, deligata, deligatum
tied up, moored
deligo, deligare, deligavi
bind, tie, tie up
demonstro, demonstrare, demonstravi
point out, show
denarius, denarii, m.
a denarius (small coin worth four sesterces)
denique
at last, finally
dens, dentis, m.
tooth, tusk
densus, densa, densum
thick
depello, depellere, depuli
drive off
deplorans, deplorans, deplorans, gen. deplorantis
complaining about
depono, deponere, deposui
put down, take off
derideo, deridere, derisi
mock, make fun of
descendens, descendens, descendens, gen. descendentis
coming down
descendo, descendere, descendi
come down
desero, deserere, deserui
desert
desertus, deserta, desertum
deserted
in desertis
in the desert
desilio, desilire, desilui
jump down
desperans, desperans, desperans, gen. desperantis
despairing
despero, desperare, desperavi
despair
destringo, destringere, destrinxi
draw (a sword), pull out
deus [dei, di (nom. pl.)], m.
god
pro di immortales!
heavens above!
dexter, dextra, dextrum
right
ad dextram
to the right
dico, dicere, dixi
say
dicto, dictare, dictavi
dictate
dies, diei, m.
day
dies festus, diei festi, m.
festival, holiday
dies natalis, diei natalis, m.
birthday
difficilis, difficilis, difficile
idfficult
dignitas, dignitatis, f.
dignity
diligenter
carefully, hard
dimitto, dimittere, dimisi
send away, dismiss
direptus, direpta, direptum
torn apart, ransacked
dirigo, dirigere, direxi
steer
diripio, diripere, diripui
tear apart, ransack
dirus, dira, dirum
dreadful, awful
discedo, discedere, discessi
depart, leave
disseco, dissecare, dissecui
cut up
dissectus, dissecta, dissectum
cut up, dismembered
diu
for a long time
diutius
any longer, for too long
dives, dives, dives, gen. divitis
rich
dixi
SEE dico
do, dare, dedi
give
poenas dare
pay the penalty, be punished
doceo, docere, docui
teach
doctus, docta, doctum
educated, learned, skillful
dolor, doloris, m.
pain
domina, dominae, f.
lady (of the house), mistress
dominus, domini, m.
master (of the house)
domus, domus, f.
home
domi
at home
domum redire
return home
donum, doni, n.
present, gift
dormiens, dormiens, dormiens, gen. dormientis
sleeping
dormio, dormire, domivi
sleep
dubito, dubitare, dubitavi
be doubtful, hesitate
dubium, dubii, n.
doubt
ducenti, ducentae, ducenta
two hundred
duco, ducere, duxi
lead
dulcis, dulcis, dulce
sweet
mi dulcissime!
my very dear friend!
duo, duae, duo
two
durus, dura, durum
harsh, hard
e, ex (+ABL)
from, out of
eam
her
eas
them
eburneus, eburnea, eburneum
ivory
ecce!
see! look!
effigies, effigiei, f.
image, statue
effluo, effluere, effluxi
pour out, flow out
effodio, effodere, effodi
dig
effringo, effringere, effregi
break down
effugio, effugere, effudi
pour out
egi
SEE ago
ego, mei
I, me
mecum
with me
ehem!
well, well!
eheu!
alas! oh dear!
ei
to him, to her, to it
eis
to them, for them
eius
his, her, its
elegans, elegans, elegans, gen. elegantis
elegant
eligo, eligere, elegi
choose
eludo, eludere, elusi
slip past
emitto, emittere, emisi
throw, send out
emo, emere, emi
buy
emoveo, emovere, emovi
move, clear away
enim
for
eo, ire, ii
go
eos
them
epistula, epistulae, f.
letter
eques, gen. dquitis, m.
horseman
equito, equitare, equitavi
ride (a horse)
equus, equi, m.
horse
eram
SEE sum
erubescens, erubescens, erubescens, gen. erubescentis
blushing
erubesco, erubescere, erubui
blush
erumpo, erumpere, erupi
break away
est
SEE sum
et
and
etiam
even, also
euge!
hurrah!
eum
him
evellens, evellens, evellens, gen. evellentis
wrenching off
everto, evertere, everti
overturn
evolo, evolare, evolavi
fly out
evulsus, evulsa, evulsum
wrenched off
ex, e (+ABL)
from, out of
exanimatus, exanimata, exanimatum
unconscious
excito, excitare, excitavi
arouse, wake up
exclamans, exclamans, exclamans, gen. exclamantis
exclaiming, shouting
exclamo, exclamare, exclamavi
exclaim, shout
exeo, exire, exii
go out
exerceo, exercere, exercui
exercise
exercitus, exercitus, m.
army
expello, expellere, expuli
throw out
explorator, exploratoris, m.
scout, spy
exquisitus, exquisita, exquisitum
special
exspectatus, exspectata, exspectatum
welcome
exspecto, exspectare, exspectavi
wait for
extendo, extendere, extendi
stretch out
extorqueo, extorquere, extorsi
extort
extra (+ACC)
outside
extraho, extrahere, extraxi
pull out, take out
faber, fabri, m.
craftsman
fabula, fabulae, f.
play, story
fabulam agere
act in a play
facile
easily
facilis, facilis, facile
easy
facio, facere, feci
make, do
flocci non facio
I don't give a hoot about
impetum facere
charge, make an attack
familiaris, familiaris, m.
relative, relation
familiariter
closely, intimately
fascia, fasciae, f.
bandage
faveo, favere, favi (+DAT)
favor, support
fax, facis, f.
torch
feci
SEE facio
feles, felis, f.
cat
femina, feminae, f.
woman
fenestra, fenestrae, f.
window
fero, ferre, tuli
bring, carry
graviter ferre
take badly
ferociter
fiercely
ferox, ferox, ferox, gen. ferocis
fierce, ferocious
ferrum, ferri, n.
iron
fervens, fervens, fervens, gen. ferventis
boiling
fessus, fessa, fessum
tired
festino, festinare, festinavi
hurry
festus, festa, festum
festive, holiday
dies festus, diei festi, m.
festival, holiday
fidelis, fidelis, fidele
faithful, loyal
fideliter
faithfully, loyally
filia, filiae, f.
daughter
filius, filii, m.
son
fio
I become
firme
firmly
flamma, flammae, f.
flame
flocci non facio
I don't give a hoot about
flos, floris, m.
flower
flumen, fluminis, n.
river
fluo, fluere, fluxi
flow
foedus, foeda, foedum
four, horrible
fons, fontis, m.
fountain
forceps, forcipis, m.
doctor's tongs, forceps
fortasse
perhaps
forte
chance
fortis, fortis, forte
brave, strong
fortiter
bravely
fortitudo, fortitudinis, f.
courage
fortuna, fortunae, f.
fortune, luck
fortunatus, fortunata, fortunatum
lucky
forum, fori, n.
forum, business center
fossa, fossae, f.
ditch
fractus, fracta, fractum
broken
frangens, frangens, frangens, gen. frangentis
breaking
frango, frangere, fregi
break
frater, fratris, m.
brother
frequento, frequentare, frequentavi
crow, fill
frumentum, frumenti, n.
grain
frustra
in vain
fugio, fugere, fugi
run away, flee (from)
fui
SEE sum
flugens, flugens, flugens, gen. flugentis
shining, glittering
flugeo, flugere, flusi
shine, glitter
fundo, fundere, fudi
pour
fundus, fundi, m.
farm
funebris, funebris, funebre
funereal, of a funeral
ludi funebres
funeral games
funus, funeris, n.
funeral
fur, furtis, m.
thief
furens, furens, furens, gen. furentis
furious, in a rage
fustis, fustis, m.
club, stick
garriens, garriens, garriens, gen. garrientis
chattering, gossiping
garrio, garrire, garrivi
chatter, gossip
garum, gari, n.
sause
gemini, geminorumk, m. pl.
twins
gemitus, gemitus, m.
groan
gemma, gemmae, f.
jewel, gem
gens, gentis, f.
family, tribe
Germanicus, Germanica, Germanicum
German
gero, gerere, gessi
wear
gladiator, gladiatoris, m.
gladiator
gladius, gladii, m.
sword
Graecia, Graeciae, f.
Greece
Graecus, Graeca, Graecum
Greek
gratiae, gratiarum, f. pl.
thanks
gratias agere
thank, give thanks
gravis, gravis, grave
heavy
graviter
seriously
graviter ferre
take badly
gubernator, gubernatoris, m.
helmsman
gusto, gustare, gustavi
taste
habeo, habere, habui
have
habito, habitare, habitavi
live
hac
this
hae
these
haec
this
haedus, haedi, m.
young goat, kid
haereo, haerere, haesi
stick, cling
hanc
this
harundo, harundinis, f.
reed
has
these
hasta, hastae, f.
spear
haurio, haurire, hausi
drain, drink up
hercle!
by Hercules!
heres, heredis, m. f.
heir
heri
yesterday
hiheu!
hey!
hi
these
hic, haec, hoc
this
hiemo, hiemare, hiemavi
spend the winter
hiems, hiemis, f.
winter
hippopotamus, hippopotami, m.
hippopotamus
hoc
this
hodie
today
homo, hominis, m.
man
homunculus, homunculi, m.
little man, pip-squeak
honoro, honorare, honoravi
honor
hora, horae, f.
hour
horreum, horrei, n.
barn, granary
hortus, horti, m.
garden
hos
these
hospes, hospitis, m.
guest, host
huc
here, to this place
humjilis
low-born, of low class
hunc
this
iaceo, iacere, iacui
lie, rest
iacio, iacere, ieci
throw
iacto, iactare, iactavi
throw
iam
now, already
ianua, ianuae, f.
door
ibam
SEE eo
ibi
there
id
it
ieci
SEE iacio
igitur
therefore, and so
ignavus, ignava, ignavum
cowardly, lazy
ignoro, ignorare, ignoravi
not know about
ii
SEE eo
ille, illa, illud
that, he, she, it
illinc
from there
illuc
there, to that place
immemor, immemor, immemor, gen. immemoris
forgetful
immortalis, immortalis, immortale
immortal
pro di immortales!
heavens above!
immotus, immota, immotum
still, motionless
impavidus, impavida, impavidum
fearless
impedio, impedire, impedivi
delay, hinder
impello, impellere, impuli
carry, push, force
imperator, imperatoris, m.
emperor
imperium, imperii, n.
empire
impetus, impetus, m.
attack
impetum facere
charge, make an attack
impiger, impigra, impigrum
lively, energetic
impleo, implere, implevi
fill
importo, importare, importavi
import
in (+ABL)
in, on
in (+ACC)
into, into
incedo, incedere, incessi
march, stride
incendens, incendens, incendens, gen. incendentis
burning, setting fire to
incendo, incendere, incendi
burn, set fire to
incido, incidere, incidi
fall
incipio, incipere, incepi
begin
incito, incitare, incitavi
urge on, encourage
incolumis, incolumis, incolume
safe
incurro, incurrere, incurri
run onto, collide
inelegans, inelegans, inelegans, gen. inelegantis
unattractive
infans, infantis, m.
baby, child
infelix, infelix, infelix, gen. infelicis
unlucky
infensus, infensa, infensum
hostile, enraged
infero, inferre, intuli
bring in, bring on
iniuriam inferre
do an injustice, bring injury
mortem inferre (+DAT)
bring death (upon)
vim inferre
use force, violence
infestus, infesta, infestum
hostile, dangerous
infirmus, infirma, infirmum
weak
inflo, inflare, inflavi
blow
ingenium, ingenii, n.
character
ingens, ingens, ingens, gen. ingentis
huge
ingravesco, ingravescere
grow worse
inicio, inicere, inieci
throw in
inimicus, inimici, m.
enemy
iniuria, iniuriae, f.
injustice, injury
iniuriam inferre
do an injustice, bring injury
iniuste
unfairly
innocens, innocens, innocens, gen. innocentis
innocent
inquit
says, said
insanus, insana, insanum
insane, crazy
insidiae, insidiarum, f. pl.
trap, ambush
insilio, insilire, insilui
jump onto, jump into
insolens, insolens, insolens, gen. insolentis
rude, insolent
inspicio, inspicere, inspexi
look at, inspect, examine
instructus, instructa, instructum
drawn up
instruo, instruere, instruxi
draw up
se instruere
draw oneself up
insula, insulae, f.
island
intellego, intellegere, intellexi
understand
intenterem intellegere
understand the truth
intente
intently
intentus, intenta, intentum
intent
inter (+ACC)
among, between
inter se
among themselves, with each other
interea
meanwhile
interficio, interficere, interfeci
kill
interpello, interpellare, interpellavi
interrupt
interrogo, interrogare, interrogavi
question
intro, intrare, intravi
enter
intuli
SEE infero
inutilis, inutilis, inutile
useless
invado, invadere, invasi
invade
invenio, invenire, inveni
find
invicem
in turn
invito, invitare, invitavi
invite
invitus, invita, invitum
unwilling, reluctant
iocus, ioci, m.
joke
ipse, ipsa, ipsum
himself, herself, itself
iratus, irata, iratum
angry
ire
SEE eo
irrumpo, irrumpere, irrupi
burst in
is, ea, id
he, she it, this, that
Isiaci, Isiacorum, m. pl.
followers of Isis
Isis, Isidis, f.
Isis (Great Mother goddess of Egypt)
iste, ista, istud
that
ita
in this way
ita vero
yes
Italia, Italiae, f.
Italy
itaqueItalicus, Italica, Italicum
and so
iter, itineris, n.
journey, trip, progress
iterum
again
iubeo, iubere, iussi
order
Iudaei, Iudaeorum, m. pl.
Jews
iudex, iudicis, m.
judge
iuvenis, iuvenis, m.
young man
laboro, laborare, laboravi
work
lacrima, lacrimae, f.
tear
lacrimis se tradere
burst into tears
lacrimans, lacrimans, lacrimans, gen. lacrimantis
crying, weeping
lacrimo, lacrimare, lacrimavi
cry, weep
laedo, laedere, laesi
harm
laetus, laeta, laetum
happy
languidus, languida, languidum
weak, feeble
lapis, lapidis, m.
stone
lateo, latere, latui
lie hidden
latro, latrare, latravi
bark
latro, latronis, m.
robber
latus, lata, latum
wide
laudo, laudare, laudavi
praise
lavo, lavare, lavi
wash
lectus, lecti, m.
couch, bed
legio, legionis, f.
legion
lego, legare, legavi
bequeath
lego, legere, legi
read
leniter
gently
lente
slowly
leo, leonis, m.
lion
levis, levis, leve
changeable, inconsistent
libellus, libelli, m.
little book
libenter
gladly
liber, libri, m.
book
liberalis, liberalis, liberale
generous
liberi, liberorum, m. pl.
children
libero, liberare, liberavi
free, set free
libertas, libertatis, f.
freedom
libertus, liberti, m.
freedman, ex-slave
libo, libare, libavi
pour an offering
limosus, limosa, limosum
muddy
liquo, liquare, liquavi
melt
litus, litoris, n.
seashore, shore
locus, loci, m.
place
Londinium, Londinii, n.
London
longe
far, a long way
longus, longa, longum
long
loquax, loquax, loquax, gen. loquacis
talkative
lucrum, lucri, n.
profit
ludus, ludi, m.
game
ludi funebres
funeral games
luna, lunae, f.
moon
madidus, madida, madidum
soaked through, drenched
magicus, magica, magicum
magic
versus magicus, versus magici, m.
magic spell
magis
more
multo magis
much more
magister, magistri, m.
foreman
magnificus, magnifica, magnificum
splendid, magnificent
magnus, magna, magnum
big, large, great
maior, maior, maius, gen. maioris
bigger, larger, greater
malus, mali, m.
mast
man
in the morning
maneo, manere, mansi
remain, stay
mansuetus, mansueta, mansuetum
tame
manus, manus, f.
hand
mare, maris, n.
sea
maritus, mariti, m.
husband
marmoreus, marmorea, marmoreum
made of marble
mater, matris, f.
mother
matrona, matronae, f.
lady
maxime
most of all, very much
maximus, maxima, maximum
very big, very large, very great
me
SEE ego
medicamentum, medicamenti, n.
ointment, salve
medicina, medicinae, f.
medicine
medicus, medici, m.
doctor
medius, media, medium
middle
mel, mellis, n.
honey
melior
better
melius est
it would be better
mendax, mendacis, m.
liar
mensa, mensae, f.
table
mensis, mensis, m.
month
mercator, mercatoris, m.
merchant
merx, mercis, f.
goods, merchandise
meta, metae, f.
turning point
metallum, metalli, n.
a mine
meus, mea, meum
my, mine
mi dulcissime!
my very dear friend!
mi Salvi!
my dear Salvius!
mihi
SEE ego
miles, militis, m.
soldier
milito, militare, militavi
be a soldier
minime!
no!
minor, minor, minus
smaller
mirabilis, mirabilis, mirabile
marvelous, strange, wonderful
miraculum, miraculi, n.
miracle
miser, misera, miserum
miserable, wretched, sad
o me miserum!
oh wretched me!
miserrimus, miserrima, miserrimum
very sad
mitto, mittere, misi
send
modicus, modica, modicum
ordinary, little
molestus, molesta, molestum
troublesome
moneo, monere, monui
warn, advise
mons, montis, m.
mountain
monstrum, monstri, n.
monster
monumentum, monumenti, n.
monument
moriturus, moritura, moriturum
going to die
mors, mortis, f.
death
mortem inferre (+DAT)
bring death (upon)
mortuus, mortua, mortuum
dead
moveo, movere, movi
move
mox
soon
mulceo, mulcere, mulsi
pet, pat
multitudo, multitudinis, f.
crowd
multus, multa, multum
much
multi, multae, multa
many
multo magis
much more
murus, muri, m.
wall
mus, muris, m. f.
mouse
mysteria, mysteriorum, n. pl.
mysteries, secret worship
nam
for
narro, narrare, narravi
tell, relate
rem narrare
tell the story
nato, natare, natavi
swim
natura, naturae, f.
nature
naufragium, naufragii, n.
shipwreck
naufragus, naufragi, m.
shipwrecked sailor
nauta, nautae, m.
sailor
navigo, navigare, navigavi
sail
navis, navis, f.
ship
necesse
necessary
neco, necare, necavi
kill
nefastus, nefasta, nefastum
terrible
neglegens, neglegens, neglegens, gen. neglegentis
careless
negotium, negotii, n.
business
negotium agere
do business, work
nemo
no one, nobody
neque ... neque
neither ... nor
nidus, nidi, m.
nest
niger, nigra, nigrum
black
nihil
nothing
nihil curo
I don't care
Nilus, Nili, m.
the river Nile
nitidus, nitida, nitidum
gleaming, brilliant
niveus, nivea, niveum
snow-white
nobilis, nobilis, nobile
noble, of noble birth
nobis
SEE nos
nocens, nocens, nocens, gen. nocentis
guilty
noceo, nocere, nocui (+DAT)
hurt
noctu
by night
nolo, nolle, nolui
not want, be unwilling, refuse
noli
do not, don't
nomen, nominis, n.
name
nomine
named, by name
non
not
nonne?
surely?
nonnulli, nonnullae, nonnulla
some, several
nos
we, us
nobiscum
with us
noster, nostra, nostrum
our
notus, nota, notum
well-known, famous
novem
nine
novi
I know
novus, nova, novum
new
nox, noctis, f.
night
nubes, nubis, f.
cloud
nullus, nulla, nullum
not any, no
num?
surely ... not?
numero, numerare, numeravi
count
numerus, numeri, m.
number
numquam
never
nunc
now
nuntio, nuntiare, nuntiavi
announce
nuntisnuntius, nuntii, m.
messenger, message, news
nuper
recently
nuptiae, nuptiarum, f. pl.
wedding
obdormio, obdormire, obdormivi
fall asleep
obeo, obire, obii
meet
obruo, obruere, obrui
overwhelm
obstinatus, obstinata, obstinatum
stubborn
obsto, obstare, obstiti (+DAT)
obstruct, block the way
obtuli
SEE offero
occupatus, occupata, occupatum
busy
octo
eight
olulus, oluli, m.
eye
offendo, offendere, offendi
displease
offero, offere, obtuli
offer
officina, officinae, f.
workshop
olim
once, some time ago
olla, ollae, f.
vase
omitto, omittere, omisi
drop
omnis, omnis, omni
all
omnes
everyone
omnia
everything
operae, operarum, f. pl.
hired thugs
opportune
just at the right time
oppugno, oppugnare, oppugnavi
attack
optime
very well
optimus, optima, optimum
very good, excellent, best
ordo, ordinis, m.
row, line
ornamentum, ornamenti, n.
ornament
ornatrix, ornatricis, f.
hairdresser
ornatus, ornata, ornatum
decorated, elaborately furnished
orno, ornare, ornavi
decorate
osculum, osculi, n.
kiss
ostendo, ostendere, ostendi
show
ostrea, ostreae, f.
oyster
otiosus, otiosa, ostiosum
at leisure, with time off, idle, on vacation
ovum, ovi, n.
egg
paene
nearly, almost
palaestra, palaestrae, f.
palaestra, exercise ground
palus, paludis, f.
palaestra, marsh, swamp
paratus, parata, paratum
ready, prepared
parens, parentis, m. f.
parent
pareo, parere, parui (+DAT)
obey
paro, parare, paravi
prepare
pars, partis, f.
part
in prima parte
in the forefront
parvus, parva, parvum
small
pater, patris, m.
father
patera, paterae, f.
bowl
pauci, paucae, pauca
few, a few
paulatim
gradually
paulisper
for a short time
paulum, pauli, n.
little, a little
pavimentum, pavimenti, n.
floor
pax, pacis, f.
peace
pecunia, pecuniae, f.
money
pendeo, pendere, pependi
hang
per (_ACC)
through, along
percutio, percutere, percussi
strike
pereo, perire, perii
die, perish
periculosus, periculosa, periculosum
dangerous
periculum, pericuyli, n.
danger
perite
skillfully
peritia, peritiae, f.
skill
peritus, perita, peritum
skillful
persuadeo, persuadere, persuasi (+DAT)
persuade
perterritus, perterrita, perterritum
terrified
pervenio, pervenire, perveni
reach, arrive at
pes, pedis, m.
foot, paw
pessimus, pessima, pessimum
very bad, worst
pestis, pestis, f.
pest, rascal
peto, petere, petivi
head for, attack, seek, beg for, ask for
pharus, phari, m.
lighthouse
philosophus, philosophi, m.
philosopher
pica, picae, f.
magpie
pictor, pictoris, m.
painter, artist
pictura, picturae, f.
painting, picture
pila, pilae, f.
ball
pingo, pingere, pinxi
paint
pius, pia, pium
respectful to the gods
placeo, placere, placui (+DAT)
please, suit
placidus, placida, placidum
calm, peaceful
plane
clearly
plaudo, plaudere, plausi
applaud, clap
plaustrum, plaustri, n.
wagon, cart
plenus, plena, plenum
full
pluit, pluere, pluit
rain
plurimus, plurima, plurimum
very much, most
plurimi, plurimae, plurima
very many
plus, pluris, n.
more
poculum, poculi, n.
cup (often for wine)
poena, poenae, f.
punishment
poenas dare
pay the penalty, be punished
poeta, poetae, m.
poet
pompa, pompae, f.
procession
Pompeianus, Pompeiana, Pompeianum
Pompeian
pono, ponere, posui
put, place, put up
pontifex, opntificis, m.
high priest
porta, portae, f.
gate
portans, portans, portans, gen. portantis
carrying
porto, portare, portavi
carry
portus, portus, m.
harbor
posco, poscere, poposci
demand, ask for
possideo, possidere, possedi
possess
possum, posse, potui
can, be able
post (+ACC)
after, behind
postea
afterwards
postquam
after, when
postremo
finally, lastly
postridie
(on) the next day
postulo, postulare, postulavi
demand
posui
SEE pono
potui
SEE posum
praeceps, praeceps, praeceps, gen. praecipitis
straight for, headlong
praecursor, praecursoris, m.
forerunner
praedium, praedii, n.
estate
praemium, praemii, n.
profit, prize, reward
praeruptus, praerupta, praeruptum
steep
praesidium, praesidii, n.
protection
praesum, praeesse, praefui (+DAT)
be in charge of
praetereo, praeterire, praeterii
go past
pravus, prava, pravum
evil
preces, precum, f. pl.
prayers
preces adhibere
offer prayers
premo, premere, pressi
push
pretiosus, pretiosa, pretiosum
expensive, precious
pretium, pretii, n.
price
primo
first
primus, prima, primum
first
in prima parte
in the forefront
princeps, principis, m.
chief, chieftain
prior
first, in front
pro (+ABL)
in front of
pro di immortalesimmortales!
heavens above!
probus, proba, probum
honest
procedo, procedere, processi
advance, proceed
procul
far off
procumbo, procumbere, procubui
fall down
promitto, promittere, promisi
promise
prope (+ACC)
near
prosilio, prosilire, prosilui
leap forward
provideo, providere, providi
foresee
proximus, prixima, proximum
nearest
psittacus, psittaci, m.
parrot
puella, puellae, f.
girl
puer, pueri, m.
boy
pugil, pugilis, m.
boxer
pugio, pugionis, m.
dagger
pugna, pugnae, f.
fight
pugnans, pugnans, pugnans, gen. pugnantis
fighting
pugno, pugnare, pugnavi
fight
pulcher, pulchra, pulchrum
beautiful
pulso, pulsare, pulsavi
hit, knock on, whack, punch
pumilio, pumilionis, m. f.
dwarf
punio, punire, punivi
punio, punire, punivi
puppis, puppis, f.
stern
purus, pura, purum
clean, spotless
puto, putare, putavi
think, consider
quam
whom
quadraginta
forty
quae
who, which
quaerens, quaerens, quaerens, gen. quaerentis
searching for, looking for
quaero, quaerere, quaesivi
search for, look for, inquire
quam (1)
how
quam (2)
than
quam celerrime
as quickly as possible
quam (3)
whom, which
tum
fourth
quas
whom, which
quattuor
four
-que
and
quem
whom, which
qui, quae, quod
who, which
quid?
what?
quid agis?
how are you?
quid vis?
what do you want?
quidam, quaedam, quoddam
one, a certain
quidquam
anything
quiesco, quiescere, quievi
rest
quietus, quieta, quietum
quiet
quindecim
fifteen
quingenti, quingentae, quingenta
five hundred
quinquaginta
fifty
quinque
five
quis?
who?
quo? (1)
where? where to?
quo (2)
whom
quo modo?
how?
quod (1)
because
quod (2)
which
quondam
one day, once
quoque
also, too
quos
whom, which
quot?
how many?
quotannis
every year
rado, radere, rasi
scratch, scrape
rapio, rapere, rapui
seize, grab
raro
rarely
raucus, rauca, raucum
harsh
recido, recidere, reccidi
fall back
recipio, recipere, recepi
recover, take back
se recipere
recover
recitans, recitans, recitans, gen. recitantis
reciting
recito, recitare, recitavi
recite
recta
directly, straight
rectus, recta, rectum
straight
recumbens, recumbens, recumbens, gen. recumbentis
lying down, reclining
recumbo, recumbere, recubui
lie down, reclinde
recuso, recusare, recusavi
refuse
reddo, reddere, reddidi
give back
redeo, redire, redii
return, go back, come back
domum redire
return home
refero, referre, rettuli
carry, deliver
reficio, reficere, refeci
repair
regina, reginae, f.
queen
regio, regionis, f.
region
relinquo, relinquere, reliqui
leave
remedium, remedii, n.
cure
remus, remi, m.
oar
renovo, renovare, renovavi
restore
reporto, reportare, reportavi
carry back
res, rei, f.
thing, affair
rem conficere
finish the job
rem intellegere
understand the truth
rem narrare
tell the story
res rustica
the farming
resisto, resistere, restiti (+DAT)
resist
respondeo, respondere, respondi
reply
responsum, responsi, n.
answer
retineo, retinere, retinui
keep, hold back
retraho, retrahere, retraxi
drag back
revenio, revenire, reveni
come back, return
rex, regis, m.
king
rhetor, rhetoris, m.
teacher
rideo, ridere, risi
laugh, smile
ripa, ripae, f.
river back
robustus, robusta, robustum
strong
rogo, rogare, rogavi
ask
rogus, rogi, m.
pyre
Romanus, Romana, Romanum
Roman
rosa, rosae, f.
rose
rota, rotae, f.
wheel
rudens, rudentis, m.
cable, rope
ruo, ruere, rui
rush
rusticus, rustica, rusticum
country, in the country
res rustica
the farming
saccus, sacci, m.
bag, purse
sacer, sacra, sacrum
sacred
sacerdos, sacerdotis, m.
priest
sacricium, sacrificii, n.
offering, sacrifice
sacrificio, sacrificare, sacrificavi
sacrifice
saepe
often
saevio, saevire, saevii
be in a rage
saevus, saeva, saevum
savage
saltatrix, saltatricis, f.
dancing-girl
salto, saltare, saltavi
greet
salve!
hello!
sane
obviously
sanguis, sanguinis, m.
blood
sano, sanare, sanavi
heal, cure
sapiens, sapiens, sapiens, gen. sapientis
wise
satis
enough
saxum, saxi, n.
rock
scapha, scaphae, f.
small boat
scelestus, sclesta, scelestum
wicked
sceptrum, sceptri, n.
scepter
scindo, scindere, scidi
tear, tear up
scio, scire, scivi
know
scopae, scoparum, f. pl.
broom
scribo, scribere, scripsi
write
scriptor, scriptoris, m.
writer, sign-writer
scurrilis, scurrilis, scurrile
obscene, dirty
se
himself, herself, themselves
secum
with him, with her, with them
seco, secare, secui
cut
secundus, secunda, secundum
second
ventus secundus
favorable wind, following wind
securus, secura, securum
without a care
sed
but
sedens, sedens, sedens, gen. sedentis
sitting
sedeo, sedere, sedi
sit
seges, segetis, f.
crop, harvest
sella, sellae, f.
chair
semirutus, semiruta, semirutum
half-collapsed
semper
always
senator, senatoris, m.
senator
senex, senis, m.
old man
sententia, sententiae, f.
opinion
sentio, sentire, sensi
feel, notice
septem
seven
sericus, serica, sericum
silk
sermo, sermonis, m.
conversation
servio, servire, servivi (and servii)
serve (as a slave)
servo, servare, servavi
save, protect
servus, servi, m.
slave
sex
six
si
if
sibi
to him(self), to her(self), to them(selves)
sicut
like
signator, signatoris, m.
witness
signo, signare, signavi
sign, seal
signum, signi, n.
sign, seal, signal
silentium, silentii, n.
silence
silva, silvae, f.
woods, forest
simulac, simulatque
as soon as
sine (+ABL)
without
sistrum, sistri, n.
sistrum, sacred rattle
situs, sita, situm
situated
situs, situs, m.
position, site
sol, solis, m.
sun
soleo, solere
be accustomed, usually
sollemniter
solemnly
sollicitudo, sollicitudinis, f.
anxiety
sollicitus, sollicita, sollicitum
worried, anxious
solum
only
solus, sola, solum
alone, lonely, only, on one's own
solutus, soluta, solutum
untied, cast off
solvo, solvere, solvi
untie, cast off
somnium, somnii, n.
dream
sonitus, sonitus, m.
sound
sono, sonare, sonui
sound
sonus, soni, m.
sound
sordidus, sordida, sordidum
dirty
spargo, spargere, sparsi
scatter
sparsus, sparsa, sparsum
scattered
spectaculum, spectaculi, n.
show, spectacle
spectator, spectatoris, m.
spectator
specto, spectare, spectavi
look at, watch
splendidus, splendida, splendidum
splendid
spongia, spongiae, f.
sponge
stans, stans, stans, gen. stantis
standing
statim
at once
status, statuae, f.
statue
stilus, stili, m.
pen, stick
sto, stare, steti
stand
stola, stolae, f.
(long)dress
studeo, studere, studui (+DAT)
study
stulte
stupidly, foolishly
stultus, stulta, stultum
stupid, foolish
suavis, suavis, suave
sweet
suaviter
sweetly
sub (+ABL)
under
subito
suddenly
sudo, sudare, sudavi
sweat
sufficio, sufficere, suffeci
be enough
sum, esse, fui
be
summergo, summergere, summersi
sink, dip
summersus, summersa, summersum
sunk
summus, summa, summum
highest, greatest, top
superbus, superba, superbum
arrogant, proud
supero, superare, superavi
overcome, overpower, overtake
supersum, superesse, superfui
survive
supplicium, supplicii, n.
death penalty
surdus, surda, surdum
deaf
surgo, surgere, surrexi
get up, stand up, rise
suscipio, suscipere, suscepi
undertake, take on
sustuli
SEE tollo
susurrans, susurrans, susurrans, gen. susurrantis
whispering, mumbling
susurro, susurrare, susurravi
whisper, mumble
suus, sua, suum
his (own), her (own) their (own)
Syri, Syrorum, m. pl.
Syrians
Syrius, Syria, Syrium
Syrian
taberna, tabernae, f.
store, shop, inn
tabernarius, tabernarii, m.
store-owner, storekeeper, shopkeeper
tablinum, tablini, n.
study
taceo, tacere, tacui
be silent, be quiet
tace!
shut up! be quiet!
tacite
quietly, silently
tacitus, tacita, tacitum
quiet, silent, in silence
tam
so
tamen
however
tandem
at last
tango, tangere, tetigi
touch
tantus, tanta, tantum
so great, such a great
tardus, tarda, tardum
late
taurus, tauri, m.
bull
te
SEE tu
tempestas, tempestatis, f.
storm
templum, templi, n.
temple
tempto, temptare, temptavi
try
tenens, tenens, tenens, gen. tenentis
holding, owning
teneo, tenere, tenui
hold, own
tepidarium, tepidarii, n.
warm room (at the baths)
tergeo, tergere, tersi
wipe
ultor, ultoris, m.
avenger
umbra, umbrae, f.
ghost, shadow
umerus, umeri, m.
shoulder
unda, undae, f.
wave
unde
from where
unguentum, unguenti, n.
perfume
testamentum, testamenti, n.
will
theatrum, theatri, n.
theater
thermae, thermarum, f. pl.
the baths
tibi
SEE tu
tibicen, tibicinis, m.
pipe player
timeo, timere, timui
be afraid, fear
timidus, timida, timidum
fearful, frightened
toga, togae, f.
toga
tollo, tollere, sustuli
raise, lift up, hold up
tot
so many
totus, tota, totum
whole
tracto, tractare, tractavi
handle
trado, tradere, tradidi
hand over
lacrimis se tradere
burst into tears
tragoedia, tragoediae, f.
tragedy
traho, trahere, traxi
drag
tranquillitas, tranquillitatis, f.
calmness, serenity
transeo, transire, transii
cross
transfigo, transfigere, transfixi
pierce
tres, tres, tria
three
triclinium, triclinii, n.
dining-room
triginta
thirty
tripodes, tripodum, m. pl.
tripods
tristis, tristis, triste
sad
trivium, trivii, n.
crossroads
trudo, trudere, trusi
push, sove
tu, tui
you (singular)
tecum
with you (singular)
tuba, tubae, f.
trumpet
tubicen, tubicinis, m.
trumpeter
tuli
SEE fero
tum
then
tumultus, tumultus, m.
riot
tunica, tunicae, f.
tunic
turba, turbae, f.
crowd
turbulentus, turbulenta, turbulentum
rowdy, disorderly
tutus, tuta, tutum
safe
tutius est
it would be safer
tuus, tua, tuum
your, yours
tergum, tergi, n.
back
a tergo
from behind, in the rear
terra, terrae, f.
ground, land
terreo, terrere, terrui
frighten
terribilis, terribilis, terribile
terrible
tertius, tertia, tertium
third
testamentum, testamenti, n.
will
ubi
where, when
unguentum, unguenti, n.
perfume
unguis, unguis, m.
claw
unguo, unguere, unxi
anoint, smear
unus, una, unum
one
urbanus, urbana, urbanum
fashionable, sophisticated
urbs, urbis, f.
city
urna, urnae, f.
bucket, jar, jug
ursa, ursae, f.
bear
ut
as
utilis, utilis, utile
useful
uxor, uxoris, f.
wife
valde
very much, very
vale
good-by
valvae, valvarum, f. pl.
doors
varius, varia, varium
different
vehementer
violently, loudly
veho, vehere, vexi
carry
venatio, venationis, f.
hunt
vendo, vendere, vendidi
sell
venia, veniae, f.
mercy, forgiveness
venio, venire, veni
come
ventus, venti, m.
wind
ventus secundus
a favorable wind
ver, veris, n.
spring
verbero, verberare, verberavi
strike, beat
verro, verrere
sweep
versus, versus, m.
verse, line of poetry
versus magicus, versus magici, m.
magic spell
verto, vertere, verti
turn
se vertere
turn around
verus, vera, verum
true, real
vestio, vestire, vestivi
dress
vexo, vexare, vexavi
annoy
via, viae, f.
street
vibro, vibrare, vibravi
wave, brandish
vicinus, vicina, vicinum
neighboring, nearby
victima, victimae, f.
victim
victor, victoris, m.
victor, winner
vicus, vici, m.
village
video, videre, vidi
see
viginti
twenty
vilicus, vilici, m.
overseer, manager
vilis, vilis, vile
cheap
villa, villae, f.
villa, (large) house
vinco, vincere, vici
win, be victorious
vindex, vindicis, m.
champion, defender
vindico, vindicare, vindicavi
avenge
vinum, vini, n.
wine
vir, viri, m.
man
virga, virgae, f.
rod, stick
vis, f.
force, violence
vim inferre
use force, violence
vis
SEE volo
visito, visitare, visitavi
visit
vita, vitae, f.
life
vito, vitare, vitavi
avoid
vitrearius, vitrearii, m.
glassmaker
vitreus, vitrea, vitreum
glass, made of glass
vitrum, vitri, n.
glass
vitupero, vituperare, vituperavi
find fault with, tell off, curse
vivo, vivere, vixi
live, be alive
vix
hardly, scarcely, with difficulty
vobis
SEE vos
voco, vocare, vocavi
call
volo, velle, volui
want
quid vis?
what do you want?
vos
you (plural)
vobiscum
with you (plural)
vox, vocis, f.
voice
vulneratus, vulnerata, vulneratum
wounded
vulnero, vulnerare, vulneravi
wound, injure
vulnus, vulneris, n.
wound
vult
SEE volo
zona, zonae, f.
belt