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APUSH: Ch. 11 - Henretta - Religion & Reform (1800-1860)
Terms in this set (26)
Coined by Alexis De Tocqueville. In 1835, to describe Americans as a people not bound by class, associations, cast, etc.
Literature movement of 1840 inspired by Ralph Ralodo Emerson and based on liberation of the individual.
19th century intellectual movement. That stressed importance of examining society, emphasized individuality, don't conform to expectations of society, and nonconformity.
Utopias (an ideal world)
Communities started by reformer and transcendentalists to realize your spiritual and moral potential and REMOVING YOURSELF FROM MODERN INDUSTRIALIZATION/INDUSTRIAL SOCIETY.
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Established transcendentalism, was a Unitarian-rejecting holy trinity. Rejected organized religion. Celebrated non-conformity- the individual, self responsibility/discipline, and civic duty and rejected capitalists.
Henry David Thoreau
Believed in what Emerson believed, and is very famous in conquering Wadding Pond, Virginia. 1834, wrote Waldo, "
"Sometimes Called Life/Walk in the Woods", book produced in 1854.
1839, started transcendentalist conversation group for women, started transcendentalist newspaper The Dial, and published Women in the Nineteenth Century in 1844. Embraced the transcendental principle that people could develop mystical relationship with God.
skilled and wrote Leaves of Grass, is dubbed America's Poet, wrote variety of topics, transcendentalist.
criticized transcendentalism, wrote Moby Dick, which is commentary on communism.
It is a system of social and economic organization based on common ownership of goods and state control of the government.
Christian Movement in 1830s that people can achieve moral perfection in their mortal lives because the Second Coming of Christ already came. Example is Mary Ann and the Shakers.
are Christians who have multiple wives.
a type of show, that became popular in 1830's. This is where white performers would perform in blackface, very racist and stereotypical shows.
reform movement to end slavery and inland slave trade that began in 1830s.
Lead Turner's Rebellion, believed to receive revelation from god to kill and he did. 55 whites killed. Virginia strengthens slave laws.
William Lloyd Garrison
Most well known abolitionist. Started newspaper Liberator. Established New England Anti-Slavery Society.
An informal network of whites and freed blacks that went to the South to aid fugitive slaves coming North.
term for racial mixing and intermarriage that was universal opposed in the United States.
A procedure in House of Reps from 1836-44. In which anti-slavery legislation would be tabled and not subjected to debate.
early advocate for personal health and mental asylum. Advocate for prison reform, public hospitals.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
One of leading Women's Rights Advocates, helped organize the Seneca Falls Convention. Also leading abolitionist.
Susan B. Anthony
Leading Women Rights Advocates, specifically the Right to vote. Organized the National Woman's Suffrage Society; N.W.S.S
19th century belief that men should take care of public sphere, economics, ect., And that women should handle private sphere. Women not good as men
claimed that traditional rules and legal restrictions created a form of slavery for women.
Married Women's Property Laws
many states write laws that allow women to own land in Northeast and Midwest even you were married.
Seneca Falls Convention
Seneca Falls, New York
First Major Convention
Modeled after Declaration of Independence.
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