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Unit Three World History Contreras
Europe Part 2
Terms in this set (81)
An intellectul movement that focused on human potential and achievements.
Being concerned with worldly rather than spiritual matters
Leonardo da Vinci
Painter sculptor inventor and scientist who studied anatomy and wrote observations in a notebook. Painted Mona Lisa and The Last Supper
Wrote the Prince. Wasn't concerned with what was morally correct but rather politically effective
Bring back culture of Greece and Rome, wealth, heritage
Why did the renaissance start in Italy?
Monk and teacher. Started religious revolution against popes authority
A movement for religious reform
A Christian church who didn't accept the popes authority
What did the reformation lead to?
Catholic Church's attempt to stop the protestant movement and to strengthen the Catholic Church
Indulgences, interpretation of bible, language at mass, marriage of priests,drinking and gambling
What were some of the things the reformers of the Catholic Church wanted to change?
That the people are equal to priests, modesty, self interpretation of bible
What did Martian Luther teach?
son of Portuguse king; helped conquer Ceuta in North Africa, explored goods in Africa
Treaty of Tordesillas
Signed by Portugal and Spain to honor the border
Dutch East India Company
richer and more powerful than England's Company, eventually pushed out English and gained area in Asia
wealth, religion,trade routes, ideas, sailing, god glory and gold
Why did Europeans want to explore the world?
Religion, gaining land, and wealth
What does God Glory and Gold mean?
demand for rare goods, realization of profit for others, good trade, isolation of Japan and China
What were the consequences of European trade with the East
Global transfer of foods, plants and animals during the colonization of the Americas
An economic system based on private ownership and the investment of resources, such as money, for profit
worked much like a modern-day cooperation with investors buying shares of stock in a company. Involves many people combining wealth for a common purpose. Took 10 % from lots
economic policy. Country's power depended on mainly its wealth. Sought gold by establishing and exploiting colonies. Establishing a favorable balance of trade with a rival country
favorable balance of trade
selling more goods than are being bought
What was the impact of the Colombian exchange?
A king or queen who has unlimited power and seeks to control all aspects of a society
The idea that monarchs are God's representatives on earth and are therefore answerable only to God (rather than their subjects)
the political belief that one ruler should hold all the power within the boundaries of a country
shifted the way people saw the world
What did the scientific revolution do?
A new way of thinking about the natural world which is based on observation and a willingness to question previously accepted beliefs
a logical procedure for gathering and testing ideas
Italian scientist, astronomer, discovered that Jupiter has four moons and the sun has dark spots. Church did not like ideas
English scientist, studied physics at Cambridge University, theory of motion
The system of rule in France before 1789
King of France, part of bourbon family. Arranged to marry Marie Antoinette at 15
Social class under nobility. 3 million, merchants, judges, local officials and small factory owners. Above peasants
Social class under clergy. Most powerful and wealthy group in political divisions. 300,000. Above bourgeoisie and peasants
Wife of King Louis XVI
An assembly of representatives from all three of estates of social classes in France
Bourgeoisie and Peasants
Final say over all decisions and policies in France
What was the power of King Louis XVI during the old regime?
Ran most facilities and kept all records, owned 10% of land
What was the power of the Catholic Church during the old regime?
Age of Enlightenment
a period in European philosophy during the eighteenth century that emphasized reason
The pen name of a French philosopher and writer whose works epitomize the Age of Enlightenment, wrote bestselling book, was banished.
3 branches of government
French philosopher who was a leading figure of the Enlightenment in France, Encyclopedia
"The Social Contract", people are born good but environment and education corrupts them
No Mandate of Heaven, no art and science, citizens gained knowledge
What did the French Enlightenment believe in that challenged the old regime
The Flour War
A series of riots and protests in France over the rise in the price of bread
Seven Years War
worldwide struggle between France and Great Britain for power and control of land
Assembly of Notables
A group of nobles and aristocrats invited by the king of France to discuss reform of the government.
Financial crisis and more taxes on bourgeoisie
What impact did Frances involvement in the American Revolution have on France?
3 part tax reform
Nobles and clergy start to pay taxes, stop regulating price of grain, assembly of notables
List of Grievances
A list of circumstances that create feelings of resentment because people feel unfairly treated.
Tennis Court Oath
A pledge letter not to disband until a new constitution was written
The third estate acting on their own because other wouldn't join
National constituent assembly
Integrated representative body of the three estates
The Great Fear
The period when the insurrection that had torn through Paris spread to 2/3 of France
Each Estate got one vote
How did voting work within the Estates general
Storming of the Bastille
Destruction of the prison seen as the true start of the French Revolution.
Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen
Preface of new constitution, promised liberty and equality to citizens
A French congress with the power to create laws and approve declarations of war
Nobles, clergy, and others who had fled France and its revolutionary forces
Parisian workers who wanted extremely radical change in government
member of a radical political club during the French Revolution
Jacobin revolutionary who led the Reign of Terror "Republic of Virtue"
Liberty, church officials to state officials, limited monarchy
What reforms resulted from the National Constituent Assembly
Robespierre, kill everyone who supported king
What caused the reign of terror
Deaths of many, moderate thinking
Where did the reign of terror lead?
Army general who eventually became emperor of France after the Revolution.
A sudden seizure of political power
Comprehensive system of laws made by napoleon that gave the country a uniform set of laws that limited injustice
Appointed to first consul, appointed self emporer for life
How did Napoleon become emperor
Fair tax system, public schools, napoleonic code
How did Napoleon reform France?
a policy that was supposed to make continental Europe more self-sufficient
War that Napoleon fought in Spain, Napoleon lost 300,000
Village in Belgium; the place where the Hundred Days ended Napoleon's last bid for power
Extends empire too far, desire to hurt Britain, peninsular war, attempt to conquer russia
What mistakes did Napoleon make that led to his Empires collapse
Klemens von Metternich
Influential representative of Russia, Foreign minister of Austria
Weaken France, balance of power, restoration of monarchs
What is Metternichs plan?
Concert of Europe
Alliances devised by prince Klemens von Metternich to prevent outbreak of revolutions.
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