Terms in this set (17)
Slavery was abolished in the U.S.
Guarantees citizens equal protection under the law
Guarantees voting rights regardless of race, color, or previous condition of servitude
Booker T. Washington
Prominent black American, born into slavery, who believed the way to equality was through vocational education, job skills training, and economic success
Northerners who came to the south during reconstruction to profit from the unsettled social and political conditions
Compromise of 1877
The agreement makes the Republican candidate the winner of the election of 1876 in exchange for the removal of federal troops from the south. Officially ended the period of reconstruction
These laws were enacted after Reconstruction to deny African Americans in the south the full rights of American citizenship
An act of terror often carried out by members of the KKK, meant to spread fear among blacks for the purpose of maintaining white supremacy in the economic, social and political south.
Plessy vs. Ferguson
In 1896, this landmark case upheld the constitutionality of Jim Crow laws in the south, making separate but equal legal
Group led by Thaddeus Stevens and Charles Sumner who clashed with Johnson over the civil rights issue for freed slaves; impeached Johnson and placed the south under military occupation to insure freed slaves could vote. Disenfranchised ex-Confederates
Native white southerners who supported the federal reconstruction plan and cooperated with blacks
In exchange for land, a cabin, and supplies, former slaves agreed to raise a cash crop (usually cotton) and give half the crop to their landlord. It was a system of economic dependency and poverty.
Civil rights activist, author and educator who demanded immediate equality for blacks, believed that education was meaningless without equality. One of the founders of the NAACP.
Ida B. Wells
Civil rights leader and journalist who led an anti-lynching campaign. One of the founders of the NAACP.
Democratic candidate for the U.S. presidency in the election of 1876. Won the popular vote but was one vote short in electoral college. Voting irregularities led to a commission to determine election outcome.
Rutherford B. Hayes
Republican candidate for the U.S. presidency in the disputed election of 1876. Lost the popular vote but was declared the winner through agreement between the Republicans who controlled the electoral commission and the Democrats who controlled the House of Reps.
Government agency set up during Congressional Reconstruction that assisted former slaves and poor whites; provided food, clothing, set up schools, hospitals, industrial institutes and teacher training centers.
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