How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

20 terms

Psychology Quiz: pgs 119-133

STUDY
PLAY
developmental psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and social change throughout the life span.
zygote
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell division and develops into an embryo
embryo
the developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertilization through the second month
fetus
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception to birth
teratogens
agents, such as chemicals and viruses, that can reach the embryo or fetus during prenatal development
fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)
physical and cognitive abnormalities in children caused by a pregnant woman's heavy drinking. In severe cases, symptoms include noticeable facial misproportions.
rooting reflex
a baby's tendency, when touched on the cheek, to open the mouth and search for the nipple
maturation
biological growth processes that enable orderly changes in behavior, relatively uninfluenced by experience
schema
a concept of framework that organizes and interprets information
assimilation
interpreting one's new experience in terms of one's existing schemas
accommodation
adapting one's current understandings (schemas) to incorporate new information
cognition
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing and remembering
sensorimotor stage
in Piaget's theory, the stage (from birth to about 2 years of age) during which infants know the world mostly in terms of their sensory impressions and motor activities
object permanence
the awareness that things continue to exist even when not perceived
preoperational stage
in Piaget's theory the stage (from about 2 to 6 or 7 years of age) during which a child learns to use language but does not yet comprehend the mental operations of concrete logic
conservation
the principle (which Piaget believed to be a part of concrete operational reasoning) that properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the same despite changes in the forms of objects
egocentrism
in Piaget's theory, the inability of the preoperational child to take another's point of view
theory of mind
people's ideas about their own and others' mental states-about their feelings, perceptions, and thoughts and the behavior these might predict
concrete operational stage
in Piaget's theory, the stage of cognitive development (from about 6 or 7 to 11) during which children gain the mental operations that enable them to think logically about concrete events
formal operational stage
in Piaget's theory, the stage of cognitive development (normally beginning at age 12) during which people begin to think logically about abstract concepts.