the Senator of Massachusetts, who was a leading abolitionist, and was cold, humorless, and egotistical, and therefore one of the most disliked men of Congress. he made negative comments about the Senator of South
Carolina named Andrew Butler. on May 22, 1856, he was beaten by Preston S. Brooks by a cane, and was forced to leave his seat for three and a half years due to injury, he was sent to Europe for treatment. he was reelected for his seat purposefully by those from Massachusetts; he seat therefore remained empty.