Terms in this set (18)
Huang He River
A main river of China in the north. Another name is the Yellow River. Also called China's Sorrow because it has brought devastating floods that have claimed millions of lives.
Mandate of Heaven
A political theory of ancient China in which those in power were given the right to rule from a divine source
Ruling families in China
Literally "of God"
A philosophy of ethics, education, and public service based on the writings of Confucius and traditionally thought of as one of the core elements of Chinese culture
Civil Service System
The practice of hiring government workers on basis of open competitive examinations and merit; this first developed in China
A Chinese philosophy in which people live a simple life in harmony with nature.
Founder of Daoism
A modest or low view of one's own importance; humbleness; seen in Daoism
This symbol represents the balance of the opposite forces of nature (light/dark; male/female; good/evil)
A religion based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (the Buddha).
A prince who founded Buddhism, and gave up his power to become enlightened.
Four Noble Truths
1) All life is full of suffering.
2) The cause of suffering is desire.
3) The cure for suffering is to overcome desire. 4) The way to overcome desire is to follow the Eightfold Path
A group of war-like natives that constantly threatened China with invasion. They were one of the main reasons the Great Wall was built.
Great Wall of China
A huge wall that is over 6000 miles, which was built to keep the Mongolians in the north out of China.
Qin Shi Huangdi
He was the Chinese emperor who founded the Qin dynasty (221-206 B.C.). He created the first united(combined) Chinese empire and began construction of the Great Wall of China. His name means first emperor.
An ancient trade route between China and the Mediterranean (4,000 miles)
Magnetic compass, silk cloth, paper, calendar, Civil Service system, porcelain, irrigation, water wheel, fireworks(gun powder)