Women's Health: Infection and Malignancy
Terms in this set (6)
Vaginal pH is normally slightly acidic (3.8-4.2).
If you raise the pH (therefore making it more alkaline) you will increase your risk of infection
Common things which increase pH include douching, diabetes, antibiotics, oral contraceptives, hormones, decreased immunity, and pregnancy.
Is a high or low pH more protective against vaginal infections?
What can change pH levels?
Bacteria which is pear shaped with long flagella which likes moist environments. It is transmitted via intercourse.
You place yourself at risk if you alter your pH through stress, menses, or preexisting infection.
What is the etiology/cause of trichonomas vaginalis?
True. Females rarely infect males because trich doesn't survive well on the penis.
T/F: In trichomonas vaginalis, males almost always infect females.
1. Sudden onset after menses
2. Frothy bubbly vaginal discharge
3. Change in color of vaginal discharge may be grayish white, or even yellowish/green - brown.
(Think of all the colors of sinus drainage with a sinus infection - similar range here)
What are the signs/symptoms of Trichomonas Vaginalis?
1. Meds - Metronidazole - either as a single dose or over seven days
2. Treat the partner (controversial, but CDC agrees)
3. Vinegar douche 5 quarts vinegar to 2 quarts water...also available OTC.
Trich typically doesn't survive if pH is less than 3.5
How is Trichonomas Vaginalis treated?
Yeast/fungal infection. It is caused by a change in vaginal pH or a decrease in population of lactobacilli.
Things that change pH of vagina are the same as in other conditions: douching, diabetes,
What is the etiology of Candida?
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