Greek City- State Pair
Athens and Sparta
A series of holy wars from 1096-1270 AD undertaken by European Christians to free the Holy Land from Muslim rule
structures that carried water over long distances
the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler
the lawmaking branch of the British government
In 1961, the Soviet Union built a high barrier to seal off their sector of Berlin in order to stop the flow of refugees out of the Soviet zone of Germany. The wall was torn down in 1989
handmade items, such as pottery, woodcarving, and traditional costumes, produced by professional artisans
opposition to and discrimination against Jews
A place where various cultures cross paths
the section of Scotland between Glasgow and Edinburgh, named for its high concentration of high-tech companies
The contentious political process by which a state may break up into smaller countries
The great period of rebirth in art, literature, and learning in the 14th-16th centuries, which marked the transition into the modern periods of European history
Birthplace of the Renaissance
A republic, contrlled most of the empire
Ferdinand and Isabella
1492 sailed to the Portugal
Alexander the Great
coquered Persia and part of India
a deadly disease that spread across Asia and Europe in the mid-14th century, killing millions of people
controlled Iberian Peninsula for more than 700 years
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