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20 terms

Chapter 13

chapter 13
STUDY
PLAY
Greek City- State Pair
Athens and Sparta
Crusades
A series of holy wars from 1096-1270 AD undertaken by European Christians to free the Holy Land from Muslim rule
Aqueducts
structures that carried water over long distances
Holocaust
the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler
Euro
Currency
Parliment
the lawmaking branch of the British government
Berlin Wall
In 1961, the Soviet Union built a high barrier to seal off their sector of Berlin in order to stop the flow of refugees out of the Soviet zone of Germany. The wall was torn down in 1989
Folk Art
handmade items, such as pottery, woodcarving, and traditional costumes, produced by professional artisans
Anti-Semitism
opposition to and discrimination against Jews
Cultural Crossroads
A place where various cultures cross paths
Silicon Glen
the section of Scotland between Glasgow and Edinburgh, named for its high concentration of high-tech companies
Balkanization
The contentious political process by which a state may break up into smaller countries
Renaissance
The great period of rebirth in art, literature, and learning in the 14th-16th centuries, which marked the transition into the modern periods of European history
Italy
Birthplace of the Renaissance
Rome
A republic, contrlled most of the empire
Catholic Rulers
Ferdinand and Isabella
Christopher Columbus
1492 sailed to the Portugal
Alexander the Great
coquered Persia and part of India
Bubonic Plaque
a deadly disease that spread across Asia and Europe in the mid-14th century, killing millions of people
Muslims
controlled Iberian Peninsula for more than 700 years