What portion of the vascular system is a blood-filled space between 2 layer of tissue
What is the direct branch from the aorta (on the right side of the body), which then branches into the common carotid and subclavian
What artery arises directly from the aorta on the left side of body, and travels up the neck, lateral to the trachea and larynx
Common carotid artery
Which artery arises directly from the aorta on the left side of the body and has the upper arm as it main destination
What artery supplies intracranial structures and is also the source of the ophthalmic artery
Internal carotid artery
Which artery supplies extracranial tissues of the head/neck including oral cavity
External carotid artery
What are the major branches of the external carotid artery
Anterior, medial, posterior, and terminal
Which artery directly supplies tissues to the hypoid bone, infrahyoid muscles, SCM, muscles of larynx and thyroid gland
Superior thyroid artery-anterior branch of external carotid
Which artery directly supplies mylohyoid muscles, sublingual salivary gland, mucous membranes of the floor of mouth, and suprahyoid muscles
Which artery directly supplies the soft palate, palatine muscles, and palatine tonsils
What specific artery can be a source of serious hemorrhage if it is injured during a tonsillectomy
Which artery directly supplies the submandibular lymph nodes, submandibular salivary gland, and mylohyoid and digastric muscles
Which artery supplies tissues along side of nose (is also termination of the facial artery)
Which artery directly supplies pharyngeal walls, soft palate, and meninges of the brain
Which artery directly supplies suprahyoid muscles, SCM, and scalp and meningeal tissues in the occipital region
Which artery directly supplies the internal ear and mastoid air cells
Posterior auricular by the stylomastoid a.
Which artery arises w/in the parotid salivary gland and can be visible in patients under the skin of their face (on lateral portion of forehead area)
Superficial temporal a.
Which artery directly supplies the parotid salivary gland and nearby tissues
Transverse facial a. branch of superficial temporal a
Which artery directly supplies the temporalis muscle
Middle temporal a. - branch of superior temporal a.
Which artery directly supplies portions of the scalp in the frontal and parietal regions
Superficial temporal artery by way of frontal and parietal branches
Which artery directly supplies the meninges of the brain located on the inferior surface of the skill as well as the skull bones
Middle meningeal a - branch of maxillary a.
Which artery directly supplies pulp tissue, gingival, and periodontium of mandibular anterior teeth
Which artery directly supplies the anterior and posterior portions of the temporalis muscle
Deep temporal arteries
Which artery directly supplies the pulp tissue, periodontium, and gingival of posterior max. teeth and max. sinus
Dental branches of posterior superior alveolar a.
Which artery directly supplies the pulp tissue, periodontium, and gingival of anterior max. teeth
Dental branches of anterior superior alveolar
Which vein begins at the medial corner of the eye and drains in the internal jugular vein
Which vein directly drains the dorsal and ventral side of the tongue and floor of the mouth
What is the location of the pterygoid plexus of veins
Around pterygoid muscles and surrounding the maxillary artery on each side of face in infratemporal fossa
Which vein drains the pulp tissues of the maxillary teeth and the periodontium of the max. teeth including the gingival
Posterior superior alveolar v.
Which vein drains the pulp tissues of the mand. teeth including the gingival
Dental branches of inferior alveolar v.
With what does the cavernous venous sinus communicate
A cavernous sinus on opposite side, pterygoid plexus, and superior ophthalmic
Which complications can come about as a result of blood vessel lesions
Stroke, heart attack, tissue destruction (gangrene)
What term is used when a clot dislodges from the inner vessel wall and travels as foreign material in the blood
What is the term to describe when a large amount of blood escapes the tissue without clotting
What is the term used to describe when a blood vessel is injured, a small amount of the blood escapes in the surrounding tissues, and a clot forms
During what dental injections is the risk of hematoma higher
Posterior Superior alveolar block near pterygoid plexus
The posterior superior alveolar artery and its branches supply what
Maxillary posterior teeth and periodontium
What vein results from the merger of the superficial temporal v. and maxillary v.
What artery arises from the inferior alveolar a. before the artery enters the mandibular canal
What artery supplies the mucous membranes and glands of the hard and soft palate
Greater and lesser palatine a.
What is the lesion that results when a clot on inner blood vessel wall becomes dislodges and travels in the vessel
On the left side of the body the common carotid and subclavian arteries give rise directly from what
What is a lesion that results in a small amount of blood escaping into the surrounding tissue and clotting