16 terms

Global Climate: Vulnerability and Resilience (2019)

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Climate change
Any long-term trend or movement in climate detected by a sustained shift in the average value for any climatic element (for example, rainfall, drought, hurricanes).
Greenhouse Gases (GHGs)
Those atmospheric gases that absorb infrared radiation and cause world temperatures to be warmer than they would otherwise be.
External forcing
A term used to describe processes that impact on Earth's climate system, which originate from outside of the climate system itself, such as variations in solar output.
Positive feedback
These loops are knock-on effects in natural systems, which act to accelerate and amplify any changes that have already started to occur.
Negative feedback
This occurs when a system adjusts itself in ways that lessen or cancel out the effect of the original change.
Global dimming
Suspended particulate matter in the atmosphere can reflect solar energy back into space and so have a net cooling effect.
Albedo
How much solar radiation a surface reflects.
Permafrost
Ground (soil or rock and included ice) that remains at or below 0 ° C for at least two consecutive years.
Per capita carbon footprint
The amount of carbon dioxide emissions an average person in a country is responsible for as they go about their everyday life.
Anthropogenic carbon flow
The current amount of carbon emission released annually by a country (for example, due to fossil fuel burning and cement making) produced in each nation.
Anthropogenic carbon stock
The total size of the store of anthropogenic carbon emissions released into the atmosphere since industrialization began around 1750.
Deindustrialization
The loss of traditional manufacturing industries in some high-income countries due to their closure or relocation elsewhere.
IPCC
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
USA
The world's 2nd biggest emitter, generating just under 1/5 of all anthropogenic GHGs, 5% of the world's population.
China
World's LARGEST carbon emitter in 2007, , 1/4 of GHG emissions, 1/5 of the world's population.
India
1/5 of the world's population, 5% of GHG emissions.