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Osmosis and Transport

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osmosis
diffusion of water from an area of greater to lesser concentrations (depends on water and solutre concentrations)
solution
solutes + solvents
example of a solute
sugar
example of a solvent
water
hypertonic solution
high concentrated solution
hypertonic solution has () solutes and () solvent
high, low
hypotonic solution
low concentrated solution
hypotonic solution has () solutes and () solvent
low, high
when the solution inside the cells is hypertonic relative to its environment, water will move () the cell
into
when the solution inside the cell is hypotonic relative to its environment, water will move () the cell
out of
isotonic
same inside/outside (water/solutes won't move)
passive transport
doesn't use chemical energy
what are forms of passive transport
osmosis, diffusion
active transport
uses chemical energy (ATP)
homeostasis
taking in nutrient and exporting wastes
what cells use to maintain homeostasis
endocytosis and exocytosis
pino
small
phago
large
plasmolysis
lost turgor pressure
what occurs as a result of plasmolysis
cell wilts, water exits cell
high turgor
lots of pressure on cell
cytolysis
exceeding high pressure until cell bursts
plasmolysis and cytolysis are ()
conditions
hypotonic, hypertonic, and isotonic are () the water goes when comparing cells to cells or cells to its environment
directions
turgor is the ()
action
equilibrium is a ()
state
If any substace can pass through a membrane, the membrane is () to it
permeable
pinocytosis and phagocytosis are examples of () in which substance are brought into the cells
endocytosis