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SS The Progressives Quiz Review Sheet 801
Terms in this set (38)
Direct election of senators by the people
Prohibition of alcohol
Corrupt organized groups that controlled political parties in the cities. A boss leads the machine and attempts to grab more votes for his party.
Political machine in New York, headed by Boss Tweed.
Leader of the Democratic Tammany Hall, New York political machine
the right of women to vote
abstinence from alcoholic drink
Journalists who attempted to find corruption in industries and expose it to the public
muckraker who shocked the nation when he published The Jungle, a novel that revealed gruesome details about the meat packing industry.
A 1906 novel by Upton Sinclair that described the horrible working conditions in the meat packaging industry.
Early 1900's muckraker who exposed social and political evils in the U.S. with his novel "How The Other Half Lives"
How the Other Half Lives
A book by John Riis that told the public about the lives of the immigrants and those who live in the tenements of NYC
A process that permits voters to put legislative (laws) measures directly on the ballot
procedure whereby voters can remove an elected official from office
-measures to shield buyers of goods and services from unsafe products and unfair or illegal sales practices
-erupted as a result of unsanitary meat factories
Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906
law that regulated the food and patent medicine industries; some business leaders called it socialistic meddling by the government.
Meat Inspection Act of 1906
Decreed that preparation of meat shipped over state lines would be subject to federal inspection.
Protecting and preserving natural resources and the environment
a tax placed on goods from another country to protect the home industry.
a general vote by the electorate on a single political question that has been referred to them for a direct decision.
Direct Election of Senators
-the public could vote for their senators
the founder of Hull House, which provided English lessons for immigrants, daycares, and child care classes
A center in an underprivileged area that provides community services
26th president, known for: conservationism, safe food regulations
William Howard Taft
27th president of the U.S.; he angered progressives by moving cautiously toward reforms and by supporting the Payne-Aldrich Tariff
28th president of the United States, known for World War I leadership, progressive income tax, lower tariffs, women's suffrage (reluctantly)
Interstate Commerce Act of 1887
Law that was designed to regulate the railroad industry
Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890
allows the government to break up companies with control of a market; prevents monopolies
New Nationalist Act
Roosevelt's theory that the nation is the best instrument for advancing progressive democracy.
Woodrow Wilson's domestic policy that promoted antitrust modification, tariff revision, and reform in banking and currency matters.
Roosevelt's promise of fair and equal treatment for all
Progressive Income Tax
The percentage of income paid in taxes will increase as income increases.
How did the muckrakers expose social problems? Provide an example of one muckrake, their publication, and the results of their efforts.
Muckrakers would write books and take photos of injustices within poor communities. An example of a successful muckraker is Upton Sinclair, who wrote "The Jungle". By documenting the terrible working conditions in the meat packaging industry, the novel influenced lawmakers in their decisions to create new laws.
Explain how the progressives pushed to make reforms on the local, state, and federal level, identify the main problem addressed by the reforms and the extent to which the reform was successful in dealing with this problem.
The progressives were influenced by the work of muckrakers. They realized all the problems of "urban life", such as substance abuse and women not having suffrage, or the right to vote. They fought the dirty working conditions of the meat packing industry with multiple food acts, such as the Pure Food and Drug Act. These different types of reforms were eventually successful because they led to safer communities. Also, the Progressive Era helped to solve urban immorality.
How did the progressives attempt to solve the problems of urban immorality?
According to politicians during this time period, urban immorality was synonymous with substance abuse, prostitution, tenements, temperence, corrupt businesses, and many more issues. In order to help solve these problems, progressive muckrakers exposed these issues to the rich public who was oblivious to these dilemmas. Once government leaders learned of the problems of urban immorality, they would create laws to help benefit the general public.
How did the Progressive presidents promote the progressive agenda on the national stage?
For one, the president of a country has influence over his or her people, and so practically everything a president says impacts the public. Similarly, if a president had a progressive point of view, their actions would be impacted by their personal opinions. In summary, progressive presidents promoted the progressive agenda by using their views to influence their legislative decisions.
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