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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
  2. Judiciary Act of 1801
  3. first party system
  4. Checks and balances
  5. Sovereignty
  1. a One of the last important laws passed by the expiring Federalist Congress. It created 16 new federal judgeships and other judicial offices (known as the midnight appointees). This was Adams's last attempt to keep Federalists power in the new Republican Congress. His goal was for federalists to dominate the judicial branch of government.
  2. b Written anonymously by Jefferson and Madison in response to the Alien and Sedition Acts, they declared that states could nullify federal laws that the states considered unconstitutional (breaking its compact with the states. Nullification was based on John Locke's compact theory).
  3. c A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
  4. d government free from external control
  5. e loosely organized Federalist party and Democratic-Republican party;
    - Revolution of 1800. John Adams (Fed.) and Thomas Jefferson (Republican) ran
    - Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr as vice president (both Republican) replaced all Federalists except in Judiciary --> in desperation, Federalists passed Judiciary Act of 1801 allowing midnight appointees of several Fed. judges.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. 1798 to 1800
    undeclared war fought entirely at sea
    Caused by the XYZ affair.
    Congress cut off all trade with France.
    Navy was created.
    Britain - ally
    Finally France backed down
  2. Democratic Republican candidates Jefferson and Burr tie with 73 electoral votes each (Federalist candidate Adams gets 65); tie goes to House of Representatives; Hamilton hated Burr more, went to House and got more votes for Jefferson; Burr later kills Hamilton in a duel

    Led to the 12th amendment, Brought about by the Jefferson/Burr tie, stated that presidential and vice-presidential nominees would run on the same party ticket. Before that time, all of the candidates ran against each other, with the winner becoming president and second-place becoming vice-president.
  3. 3rd President of the United States, 2nd Vice President (under John Adams), 1st Secretary of State
    chief drafter of the Declaration of Independence; made the Louisiana Purchase in 1803
  4. 2nd President (after Washington) who was a Federalist and hated Hamilton. He inherited a violent quarrel with France (who were furious about Jay's Treaty because it was in violation of Franco-American alliance).
  5. In this, Madison talked about the danger of political factions and offered his republican solution to them.

5 True/False questions

  1. The Federalist PapersIn this, Madison talked about the danger of political factions and offered his republican solution to them.

          

  2. Alien and Sedition ActsThese consist of four laws passed by the Federalist Congress and signed by President Adams in 1798:

    - the Naturalization Act, which increased the waiting period for an immigrant to become a citizen from 5 to 14 years

    - the Alien Act, which empowered the president to arrest and deport dangerous aliens

    - the Alien Enemy Act, which allowed for the arrest and deportation of citizens of countries at war with the US

    - the Sedition Act, which made it illegal to publish defamatory statements about the federal government or its officials.

    The first 3 were enacted in response to the XYZ Affair, and were aimed at French and Irish immigrants, who were considered subversives.

    The Sedition Act was an attempt to stifle Democratic-Republican opposition, although only 25 people were ever arrested, and only 10 convicted, under the law.

    The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions, which initiated the concept of "nullification" of federal laws were written in response to the Acts.

          

  3. Election of 1796- George Washington became pres. for a second term.
    - Hamilton and Jefferson wrote letters to GW and ask him to stay another term
    - GW was elected unanimously again, Adams was VP again
    - He did not trust and was against political parties.

          

  4. Report on ManufacturingJames Hamilton's plan (1791).
    - Growth of industry
    - included: tariffs, loans, grants, the excise tax (distilled liquor --> Whiskey Rebellion), and the improvement of infrastructure.

          

  5. Bank of the United Statesloosely organized Federalist party and Democratic-Republican party;
    - Revolution of 1800. John Adams (Fed.) and Thomas Jefferson (Republican) ran
    - Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr as vice president (both Republican) replaced all Federalists except in Judiciary --> in desperation, Federalists passed Judiciary Act of 1801 allowing midnight appointees of several Fed. judges.

          

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