5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Quasi war with France
- Department of the Navy
- Federalist Number 10
- Separation of powers
- Election of 1800
- a the division of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government
- b In this, Madison talked about the danger of political factions and offered his republican solution to them.
- c 1798 to 1800
undeclared war fought entirely at sea
Caused by the XYZ affair.
Congress cut off all trade with France.
Navy was created.
Britain - ally
Finally France backed down
- d created because of Quasi war.
- e Democratic Republican candidates Jefferson and Burr tie with 73 electoral votes each (Federalist candidate Adams gets 65); tie goes to House of Representatives; Hamilton hated Burr more, went to House and got more votes for Jefferson; Burr later kills Hamilton in a duel
Led to the 12th amendment, Brought about by the Jefferson/Burr tie, stated that presidential and vice-presidential nominees would run on the same party ticket. Before that time, all of the candidates ran against each other, with the winner becoming president and second-place becoming vice-president.
5 Multiple choice questions
- - America could settle the Northern border of Florida
- Could deposit goods at mouth of Missipi River (New Orleans)
- Spain promised it would prevent Indian raids over the border
- This collection of essays by John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison, explained the importance of a strong central government, and defending it.
- The proposal at the Constitutional Convention that called for equal representation of each state in Congress regardless of the state's population.
- A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
- 2nd President (after Washington) who was a Federalist and hated Hamilton. He inherited a violent quarrel with France (who were furious about Jay's Treaty because it was in violation of Franco-American alliance).
5 True/False questions
Sovereignty → - Under constitution, natives were legal entities, but not foreign nations
- not citizens of the U.S.
"""Considered nation within a nation."""
Alien and Sedition Acts → Leader of the Federalists. First Secretary of the Treasury. He advocated creation of a national bank, assumption of state debts by the federal government, and a tariff system to pay off the national debt.
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions → Written anonymously by Jefferson and Madison in response to the Alien and Sedition Acts, they declared that states could nullify federal laws that the states considered unconstitutional (breaking its compact with the states. Nullification was based on John Locke's compact theory).
Jay's Treaty → failed to compensate Brit assaults on ships and withdrawal of Brit forces from frontier, but prevented war, established American sovereignty over Northwest, satisfactory commercial relationship
- allowed peace to be made with Spain b/c raised fears of Brit/American alliance in North America, Pinckney's treaty 1795 recognized US right to Mississippi, Florida border, control of Indian raids from FL
Election of 1796 → - George Washington became pres. for a second term.
- Hamilton and Jefferson wrote letters to GW and ask him to stay another term
- GW was elected unanimously again, Adams was VP again
- He did not trust and was against political parties.