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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Checks and balances
  2. Thomas Jefferson
  3. Judiciary Act of 1801
  4. Election of 1800
  5. Separation of powers
  1. a One of the last important laws passed by the expiring Federalist Congress. It created 16 new federal judgeships and other judicial offices (known as the midnight appointees). This was Adams's last attempt to keep Federalists power in the new Republican Congress. His goal was for federalists to dominate the judicial branch of government.
  2. b A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
  3. c Democratic Republican candidates Jefferson and Burr tie with 73 electoral votes each (Federalist candidate Adams gets 65); tie goes to House of Representatives; Hamilton hated Burr more, went to House and got more votes for Jefferson; Burr later kills Hamilton in a duel

    Led to the 12th amendment, Brought about by the Jefferson/Burr tie, stated that presidential and vice-presidential nominees would run on the same party ticket. Before that time, all of the candidates ran against each other, with the winner becoming president and second-place becoming vice-president.
  4. d 3rd President of the United States, 2nd Vice President (under John Adams), 1st Secretary of State
    chief drafter of the Declaration of Independence; made the Louisiana Purchase in 1803
  5. e the division of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. 1798 to 1800
    undeclared war fought entirely at sea
    Caused by the XYZ affair.
    Congress cut off all trade with France.
    Navy was created.
    Britain - ally
    Finally France backed down
  2. - America could settle the Northern border of Florida
    - Could deposit goods at mouth of Missipi River (New Orleans)
    - Spain promised it would prevent Indian raids over the border
  3. This meeting was called by Alexander Hamilton and others to talk about the lowering of taxes and tariffs to increase trade between the states.
  4. government free from external control
  5. loosely organized Federalist party and Democratic-Republican party;
    - Revolution of 1800. John Adams (Fed.) and Thomas Jefferson (Republican) ran
    - Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr as vice president (both Republican) replaced all Federalists except in Judiciary --> in desperation, Federalists passed Judiciary Act of 1801 allowing midnight appointees of several Fed. judges.

5 True/False questions

  1. James MadisonFather of Constitution
    Supported Federalist Papers (along with Hamilton and John Jay)
    Author of Bill of Rights
    Presidency (4th) marked by War of 1812
    Proposed Virginia Plan

          

  2. President George WashingtonGeneral in the Revolutionary War
    -first President of the United States
    -set precedence for the country: 2 terms in office, the three executive departments
    -against political parties

          

  3. Alexander HamiltonFather of Constitution
    Supported Federalist Papers (along with Hamilton and John Jay)
    Author of Bill of Rights
    Presidency (4th) marked by War of 1812
    Proposed Virginia Plan

          

  4. Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions- farmers in Pennsylvania rebelled against Hamilton's excise tax on whiskey
    - an army, led by Washington, put down the rebellion.
    - The incident showed that the new government under the Constitution could react swiftly and effectively to such a problem, in contrast to the inability of the government under the Articles of Confederation to deal with Shay's Rebellion.

          

  5. Election of 1796The person with the most electoral votes, John Adams, became President and the person with the second most electoral votes, Thomas Jefferson, became Vice President. A problem from this situation was that Adams and Jefferson belonged to different political parties, so political tensions were strong in the Executive Branch. In modern elections, presidential candidates choose their vice presidential candidates to run with them, so the situation in 1796 could not occur.