5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Checks and balances
- Virginia Plan
- Federalists and Anti-federalists
- Federalist Number 10
- a Virginia delegate James Madison's plan of government, in which states got a number of representatives in Congress based on their population
- b A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
- c government free from external control
- d ______ disagreed mainly over the division of power between the national government and the states.
Feds= for the Const; Antfeds= against Const
- e In this, Madison talked about the danger of political factions and offered his republican solution to them.
5 Multiple choice questions
- These consist of four laws passed by the Federalist Congress and signed by President Adams in 1798:
- the Naturalization Act, which increased the waiting period for an immigrant to become a citizen from 5 to 14 years
- the Alien Act, which empowered the president to arrest and deport dangerous aliens
- the Alien Enemy Act, which allowed for the arrest and deportation of citizens of countries at war with the US
- the Sedition Act, which made it illegal to publish defamatory statements about the federal government or its officials.
The first 3 were enacted in response to the XYZ Affair, and were aimed at French and Irish immigrants, who were considered subversives.
The Sedition Act was an attempt to stifle Democratic-Republican opposition, although only 25 people were ever arrested, and only 10 convicted, under the law.
The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions, which initiated the concept of "nullification" of federal laws were written in response to the Acts.
- - George Washington became pres. for a second term.
- Hamilton and Jefferson wrote letters to GW and ask him to stay another term
- GW was elected unanimously again, Adams was VP again
- He did not trust and was against political parties.
- Proposed by Alexander Hamilton (1791 :: 20-year charter)
government was the major stockholder.
strong and stable national currency.
Jefferson opposed the bank (as a republican); he thought it was un-constitutional.
A place where all the tax money would go, money would be printed, loans issued, and loans regulated.
- established a Supreme Court (with a Chief Justice and five associate justices) and district courts
- One of the last important laws passed by the expiring Federalist Congress. It created 16 new federal judgeships and other judicial offices (known as the midnight appointees). This was Adams's last attempt to keep Federalists power in the new Republican Congress. His goal was for federalists to dominate the judicial branch of government.
5 True/False questions
first party system → loosely organized Federalist party and Democratic-Republican party;
- Revolution of 1800. John Adams (Fed.) and Thomas Jefferson (Republican) ran
- Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr as vice president (both Republican) replaced all Federalists except in Judiciary --> in desperation, Federalists passed Judiciary Act of 1801 allowing midnight appointees of several Fed. judges.
The Federalist Papers → This collection of essays by John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison, explained the importance of a strong central government, and defending it.
President George Washington → General in the Revolutionary War
-first President of the United States
-set precedence for the country: 2 terms in office, the three executive departments
-against political parties
Separation of powers → Democratic Republican candidates Jefferson and Burr tie with 73 electoral votes each (Federalist candidate Adams gets 65); tie goes to House of Representatives; Hamilton hated Burr more, went to House and got more votes for Jefferson; Burr later kills Hamilton in a duel
Led to the 12th amendment, Brought about by the Jefferson/Burr tie, stated that presidential and vice-presidential nominees would run on the same party ticket. Before that time, all of the candidates ran against each other, with the winner becoming president and second-place becoming vice-president.
Jay's Treaty → failed to compensate Brit assaults on ships and withdrawal of Brit forces from frontier, but prevented war, established American sovereignty over Northwest, satisfactory commercial relationship
- allowed peace to be made with Spain b/c raised fears of Brit/American alliance in North America, Pinckney's treaty 1795 recognized US right to Mississippi, Florida border, control of Indian raids from FL