5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Annapolis Conference
- Alexander Hamilton
- Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
- Virginia Plan
- Report on Manufacturing
- a Leader of the Federalists. First Secretary of the Treasury. He advocated creation of a national bank, assumption of state debts by the federal government, and a tariff system to pay off the national debt.
- b James Hamilton's plan (1791).
- Growth of industry
- included: tariffs, loans, grants, the excise tax (distilled liquor --> Whiskey Rebellion), and the improvement of infrastructure.
- c This meeting was called by Alexander Hamilton and others to talk about the lowering of taxes and tariffs to increase trade between the states.
- d Written anonymously by Jefferson and Madison in response to the Alien and Sedition Acts, they declared that states could nullify federal laws that the states considered unconstitutional (breaking its compact with the states. Nullification was based on John Locke's compact theory).
- e Virginia delegate James Madison's plan of government, in which states got a number of representatives in Congress based on their population
5 Multiple choice questions
- One of the last important laws passed by the expiring Federalist Congress. It created 16 new federal judgeships and other judicial offices (known as the midnight appointees). This was Adams's last attempt to keep Federalists power in the new Republican Congress. His goal was for federalists to dominate the judicial branch of government.
- 3rd President of the United States, 2nd Vice President (under John Adams), 1st Secretary of State
chief drafter of the Declaration of Independence; made the Louisiana Purchase in 1803
- Warned Americans not to get involved in European affairs, not to make permanent alliances, not to form political parties and to avoid sectionalism.
- These consist of four laws passed by the Federalist Congress and signed by President Adams in 1798:
- the Naturalization Act, which increased the waiting period for an immigrant to become a citizen from 5 to 14 years
- the Alien Act, which empowered the president to arrest and deport dangerous aliens
- the Alien Enemy Act, which allowed for the arrest and deportation of citizens of countries at war with the US
- the Sedition Act, which made it illegal to publish defamatory statements about the federal government or its officials.
The first 3 were enacted in response to the XYZ Affair, and were aimed at French and Irish immigrants, who were considered subversives.
The Sedition Act was an attempt to stifle Democratic-Republican opposition, although only 25 people were ever arrested, and only 10 convicted, under the law.
The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions, which initiated the concept of "nullification" of federal laws were written in response to the Acts.
- ______ disagreed mainly over the division of power between the national government and the states.
Feds= for the Const; Antfeds= against Const
5 True/False questions
Judiciary Act of 1789 → One of the last important laws passed by the expiring Federalist Congress. It created 16 new federal judgeships and other judicial offices (known as the midnight appointees). This was Adams's last attempt to keep Federalists power in the new Republican Congress. His goal was for federalists to dominate the judicial branch of government.
first party system → loosely organized Federalist party and Democratic-Republican party;
- Revolution of 1800. John Adams (Fed.) and Thomas Jefferson (Republican) ran
- Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr as vice president (both Republican) replaced all Federalists except in Judiciary --> in desperation, Federalists passed Judiciary Act of 1801 allowing midnight appointees of several Fed. judges.
President George Washington → General in the Revolutionary War
-first President of the United States
-set precedence for the country: 2 terms in office, the three executive departments
-against political parties
Bank of the United States → Proposed by Alexander Hamilton (1791 :: 20-year charter)
government was the major stockholder.
strong and stable national currency.
Jefferson opposed the bank (as a republican); he thought it was un-constitutional.
A place where all the tax money would go, money would be printed, loans issued, and loans regulated.
Election of 1796 → - George Washington became pres. for a second term.
- Hamilton and Jefferson wrote letters to GW and ask him to stay another term
- GW was elected unanimously again, Adams was VP again
- He did not trust and was against political parties.