Science 7 Chapter 8
In the Beginning
Terms in this set (43)
The verse "All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made" (John 1:3) most directly supports
The term global flood means that a flood of water
covered the entire earth.
Where can you find a complete and uninterrupted fossil record?
Most of the mutations observed today are
The theory that biological evolution occurs very rapidly at certain times but very slowly at other times is called
People who promote the theory of intelligent design believe
that life shows evidence of design.
a family tree that lists who had whom as offspring
generally speaking, the changing of organisms to become improved or more complex
According to De Vries, the organism capable of the most evolution
points Darwin used in his theory of natural selection
more young are produced than can remain alive; individuals in a species compete with each other for available resources; the individuals with the best characteristics to obtain the resources they need will survive
What is the basic difference between creationists and evolutionists?
Creationists accept the Bible as truth, while evolutionists reject the Bible.
are changes that help an organism survive; do not lead to the formation of new biblical kinds
A woman has scarred hands because of burns from a house fire. If her children were born with scarred hands, this would illustrate the theory of
inheritance of acquired characteristics.
Man was created
specially by God
Evolutionary biologists believe
that dinosaurs became extinct before modern humans evolved.
To be useful for evolution, mutations must occur in
the idea that newer organisms are the modified descendants of much older organisms
descent with modification
Using special equipment and controlled conditions, some scientists have NOT created living cells from
Natural selection works only for characteristics already in
evolutionary family tree
evolutionists have several family trees that show the evolutionary history of all organisms
the belief that the physical universe was created by God
the belief that the physical universe developed by chance
the belief that each day of Creation was 24 hours long
the belief that each day of Creation was a long period of time, maybe thousands of years
the belief that the "first creation" was destroyed during Satan's fall
the belief that God created new groups of species at widely spaced intervals
a genetic change that can be passed down to offspring
the idea that the environment destroys organisms that are less able than others to live in the environment
theory of natural selection
an organism that evolutionists claim has different groups of organisms as its offspring
an organism that probably never existed but is needed to fill out the evolutionary path of other organisms
a record of past living things
"Giraffes have long necks because there was a drought in their habitat, and they had to start stretching their necks to reach leaves at the tops of trees."
stated by Lamarck
"My most famous work is On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection."
stated by Darwin
"During some of my experiments, I noticed sudden changes in certain plants. I believe that these changes, that I call mutations, allow for evolution."
stated by De Vries
Similar structures that evolutionists say are best explained by common ancestry are
The islands where Darwin observed finches and giant tortoises are the
Structures, that according to evolutionists, no longer have a major function are called
The forming of a new species is called
To become a fossil, must a dead organism be buried slowly or rapidly? Why?
It must be buried rapidly, or the organism would decompose before it became a fossil.
How do most evolutionists say fossils formed? How do most young-earth creationists say they formed?
Evolutionists say fossils were formed by many small catastrophes over millions of years. young-earth creationists say they were formed by one major catastrophe, the Genesis Flood.
Is Creation accepted by fact or by faith? Is evolution accepted by fact or by faith? Explain your answers.
Both Creation and evolution are accepted by faith. Science is based on observations, and no human observed Creation. Similarly, no human observed the evolutionary processes that supposedly began shaping living things. The evolutionists places his faith in random processes, and the creationist places his faith in God and God's Word.
How old do most evolutionists say the earth is? How old do most young-earth creationists say the earth is? Why do evolutionists need to believe the earth is much older than creationists do?
Evolutionists say the earth is 4.6 billion years old, and young-earth creationists say it is about 6000 years old. Evolutionists must propose a much older earth to allow time for biological evolution to have taken place.
What is the mutation-selection theory? Is it a good explanation for how biological evolution could occur? Give at least two reasons for your answer.
mutation-selection theory - mutations provide the changes that lead to evolution, and natural selection determines which organisms survive.
Not a good explanation because...
1. mutations are rare
2. mutations have to occur in a cell that would form gametes and pass on the genetic change to offspring
3. mutations must be gain-of-function mutations
4. requires that these "good mutations" occur repeatedly
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