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In 2003, the first Republican House Speaker since Reconstruction was

Tom Craddick

What was the primary reason for legislative partisanship in Texas in 2003?

congressional redistricting fights

How does the leg set priorities?

Thru the budgetry process

The Texas Senate influences policy by

approving or rejecting appointments made by the governor

In the context of political science, the development of a legislative body into a formally structured system with stable membership, complex rules, expanded internal operations, and the delineation of staff functions is known as


bicameral, part time, and has 31 Senators

The Texas legislature is

Special sessions of the legislature are NOT

limited in the number that may be called

In order to be elected a state senator (Austin) a person must be

a qualified voter

The base pay of the House and Senate members is $_____ per year


When the legislature is in session, access to the floor of each chamber on the second floor of the Capitol is restricted to

lawmakers, accredited media representatives, and certain other state officials

The Texas House of Representatives has _____ members


Compared to other states, the turnover in the Texas legislature is

relatively low

Legislative turnover is caused by redistricting and by

the personal costs of running for office

Legislative turnover is caused by redistricting and by

the personal costs of running for office

Apportionment and redistricting address fundamental questions of who should be represented and

how they will be represented

Equity in redistricting finally came to Texas as a result of

federal court intervention by the one person, one vote decision in Reynolds v. Sims, enforced in Texas in 1965

The presiding officer of the House, elected by the members, is the

speaker of the House

The powers of the House presiding officer includes

appointing a president pro tempore

The lieutenant governor of Texas does NOT

serve at the will of the Senate

Generally thought of as a consensus builder, Lieutenant Governor Bill Hobby changed tactics to force approval of

a presidential primary bill opposed by most Democratic senators

Lieutenant Governor Bob Bullock surprised his friends just after the close of the 1997 session by announcing he would

not seek reelection in 1998

The lieutenant governor and the speaker do NOT have the power to

appoint statewide officials

The _____ cannot vote on legislation unless there is a tie

lieutenant governor

The backbone of the legislative process is

the committee system

Of the 6,374 bills introduced during the 2007 regular session, only about _____ finally passed both chambers


The bills that failed to be enacted in the 2007 legislative session generally died

in either a House or Senate committee

The House Calendars Committee historically has had more life-and-death power over legislation than any other committee because

it sets the order of debate on the House floor

In 2009, the Senate had _____ standing committees, while the House had _____.

18; 35

If a bill passes both the House and Senate but in different forms, the bill is sent to

conference committee

_____ committees are appointed by the governor, lieutenant governor, and the speaker to study major policy issues


In order for a bill to become a law its first step must pass

the first reading

At first reading, a bill is introduced, numbered, and then sent

to a committee

A bill that wins committee approval can be considered by the full chamber on the

second reading

During the third reading, a bill may be amended by

two-thirds approval

After a successful third reading in the originating chamber, a bill is

sent to the opposite chamber

When a bill leaves the second chamber after its third reading, it

goes to the governor if it is in the identical form passed by the first chamber

When a governor gets a bill, he may

sign it, veto it, or let it become a law without his signature

Only one type of bill must originate in the House of Representatives, bills that

raise revenue

To bring a bill to the floor of the Senate for debate requires

a two-thirds approval vote by the Senate

The closing weeks of the regular legislative session can

be derailed by a filibuster in the Senate

In the 2003 Texas legislature,

Republicans had a majority the House for the first time since Reconstruction

In 1989, Republicans organized their

first caucus in the House

In 2009, Democrats retook some of their lost seats in the House and joined with moderate Republicans to unseat __________ and replace him with_________

autocratic Speaker Tom Craddick; Joe Strauss

Hispanic and African American House members formed their own caucuses in the


A favorite voter-contact tool of many legislators is

a newsletter they can mail to households in their districts at state expense

In addition to the formal rules of the legislature, there are unwritten rules that shape legislators' behavior called


The legislative process is designed to institutionalize


The wishes of constituents are considered, particularly if there is

a groundswell of dominant opinions coming from a legislator's district

At the inception of each regular session, the governor summarizes his legislative priorities in a

State of the State Address

The most meaningful threat that the governor can hold over a legislator is

the possible veto of legislation of importance to the legislator

The dominant consideration for lawmakers when deciding on legislation is to

get reelected

Members of the legislature who pursue issues to produce personal or political benefits for themselves are considered


The growth and development of the legislative staff reflects

an emerging professionalism in lawmaking

A direct result of the Sharpstown stock fraud scandal was

the limitation of speaker powers to appoint members to standing committees

Which of the following was part of the changes to ethics laws passed in 2003?

Municipal officeholders in large cities are required to file personal financial disclosure statements

The legislature in Texas can be described as

part time, with low pay

The governor can use the line-item veto to veto specific spending provisions from

appropriations bills

The most important power of the speaker and lieutenant governor is

the appointment of House and Senate committee members

The legislative rules and the heavy volume of bills considered _____ enables lawmakers to sneak major, controversial proposals into law by adding little noticed amendments to other bills


Legislators' decisions are influenced by

constituents, interest groups and the media

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