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What was the primary reason for legislative partisanship in Texas in 2003?
congressional redistricting fights
In the context of political science, the development of a legislative body into a formally structured system with stable membership, complex rules, expanded internal operations, and the delineation of staff functions is known as
When the legislature is in session, access to the floor of each chamber on the second floor of the Capitol is restricted to
lawmakers, accredited media representatives, and certain other state officials
Apportionment and redistricting address fundamental questions of who should be represented and
how they will be represented
Equity in redistricting finally came to Texas as a result of
federal court intervention by the one person, one vote decision in Reynolds v. Sims, enforced in Texas in 1965
Generally thought of as a consensus builder, Lieutenant Governor Bill Hobby changed tactics to force approval of
a presidential primary bill opposed by most Democratic senators
Lieutenant Governor Bob Bullock surprised his friends just after the close of the 1997 session by announcing he would
not seek reelection in 1998
Of the 6,374 bills introduced during the 2007 regular session, only about _____ finally passed both chambers
The bills that failed to be enacted in the 2007 legislative session generally died
in either a House or Senate committee
The House Calendars Committee historically has had more life-and-death power over legislation than any other committee because
it sets the order of debate on the House floor
If a bill passes both the House and Senate but in different forms, the bill is sent to
_____ committees are appointed by the governor, lieutenant governor, and the speaker to study major policy issues
When a bill leaves the second chamber after its third reading, it
goes to the governor if it is in the identical form passed by the first chamber
To bring a bill to the floor of the Senate for debate requires
a two-thirds approval vote by the Senate
In the 2003 Texas legislature,
Republicans had a majority the House for the first time since Reconstruction
In 2009, Democrats retook some of their lost seats in the House and joined with moderate Republicans to unseat __________ and replace him with_________
autocratic Speaker Tom Craddick; Joe Strauss
A favorite voter-contact tool of many legislators is
a newsletter they can mail to households in their districts at state expense
In addition to the formal rules of the legislature, there are unwritten rules that shape legislators' behavior called
The wishes of constituents are considered, particularly if there is
a groundswell of dominant opinions coming from a legislator's district
At the inception of each regular session, the governor summarizes his legislative priorities in a
State of the State Address
The most meaningful threat that the governor can hold over a legislator is
the possible veto of legislation of importance to the legislator
Members of the legislature who pursue issues to produce personal or political benefits for themselves are considered
The growth and development of the legislative staff reflects
an emerging professionalism in lawmaking
A direct result of the Sharpstown stock fraud scandal was
the limitation of speaker powers to appoint members to standing committees
Which of the following was part of the changes to ethics laws passed in 2003?
Municipal officeholders in large cities are required to file personal financial disclosure statements
The governor can use the line-item veto to veto specific spending provisions from
The most important power of the speaker and lieutenant governor is
the appointment of House and Senate committee members
The legislative rules and the heavy volume of bills considered _____ enables lawmakers to sneak major, controversial proposals into law by adding little noticed amendments to other bills
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