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2016 Emergency Response Guidebook
Terms in this set (61)
Where can the shipping documents be found for a motor vehicle traveling on the road
They are kept in the cab of the vehicle
Where can the shipping documents be found for a rail road incident
They are kept in possession of a crewmember
Where can the shipping documents be found for an airplane
They are kept in possession of the aircraft pilot
Where can the shipping papers be found for a marine vessel
They are kept in a holder on the bridge of the vessel
What color are the pages that identify a product using the four digit identification number
What are the color of the pages that identify materials using the proper shipping name
What can provide vital information regarding the hazardous materials or goods to initiate protective actions
That shipping documents
On a placard, where can the four digit ID number be seen
The four digit ID number may be shown on the diamond shaped placard or on an adjacent orange panel. These are displayed on the ends and sides of the cargo tank or rail car
How should you approach a hazardous materials scene
Where can the appropriate emergency response agency list be found in this book
On the inside of the back cover of this guidebook you'll find contact information for national assistance
What can be used to identify a product class or division that is being transported
Placards are used to identify the class or division of a material
Where will the class or division number be displayed on a placard
The class or division number must be displayed in the lower corner of the placard
What is class 1 hazard
What is class 2 hazards
What is a class3 hazards
What is class 4 hazards
What are class 5 hazards
Oxidizing substances and organic peroxides
What are classes 6 hazards
Toxic substances and infectious substances
What are class 7 hazards
What are class 8 hazards
What are class 9 hazards
Miscellaneous dangerous goods
What guide number should be used for a flammable hazard when there is no guide number or proper shipping name available?
Use guide number 127 for a flammable "class 3" placard
What guide number should we use for a corrosive placard when no ID number or proper shipping name is available?
User guide number 153 for a corrosive placard
What guide number should be used when a dangerous placard is displayed with no ID number or proper shipping name?
Used guide 111 when dangerous good placard is displayed or when the nature of the spill, leak, or burning material is unknown.
If multiple placards are displayed and point to more than one guide page which page should we use?
Initially use the most conservative guide page.
What does a single asterisk on orange placards represent
This represents and explosives compatibility group letter.
Are explosives listed by proper shipping name or ID number
No explosives are not listed individually by proper shipping name or ID number. They do however appear under the general heading explosives on the first page of the ID number index or "yellow pages".
If there is the letter P following the guide number in either the yellow border to pages or the blue bordered pages what does this signify?
This identifies those materials which present a polymerization hazard under certain conditions
Which pages contain an index list of dangerous goods in numerical order of their ID number
The yellow bordered pages
Which pages contain the index list of dangerous goods in alphabetical order of material name
The blue bordered pages
Which pages of the guidebook contain all safety recommendations?
The orange bordered pages is the most important section of this guide book because this is where all safety recommendations are provided.
How many individual guides can be found in the orange bordered pages and in what format?
There are a total of 63 individual guides contained in the orange bordered pages. They are presented in a two page format for each guide.
When using the orange bordered pages what information does the left hand page and right hand page provide?
The left-hand page provides safety related information. The right-hand page provides emergency response guidance and activities for fire situations, spill or leak incidences and first aid.
Each guide is divided into what three main sections
The first section describes potential hazards.
The second section outlines suggested public safety measures.
The third section covers emergency response actions.
How many tables are listed in the green bordered pages
The green bordered pages contain three tables.
Table 1 provides what two different types of recommended safe distances
Initial isolation distances and protective action distances
What is considered a small spill
Less than 55 US gallons for liquids less than 660 pounds or solids when spilled in water
What is considered a large spill
More than 55 gallons for liquids and more than 660 pounds for solids when spilled in water
The list is further subdivided into daytime and nighttime situations regarding spills why is this necessary
Due to the varying atmospheric conditions which greatly affect the size of the hazardous area
What is the initial isolation distance
This is the distance within which all persons should be considered for evacuation in all directions from the actual spill or leak source
A toxic inhalation hazard material is a gas or volatile liquid which is known to be so toxic to humans as to pose a hazard to health during transport. What are the test parameters for these toxic materials?
A material is presumed to be toxic to humans when tested on laboratory animals having a lethal concentration value 50 with not more than 5000 ppm
What will be contained in table 2 of the green bordered pages
Table 2 lists materials that produce large amounts of toxic inhalation hazard gases when spilled in water and identifies the toxic inhalation gas produced.
When a product name is immediately followed by the term when spilled in water where should we look for information
You should look in table 2 for information on these water reactive materials
What does table 3 contain in the green bordered pages
Table 3 provides initial isolation and protective action distances for six toxic inhalation hazardous materials that may be more commonly encountered
What are the six commonly encountered toxic inhalation hazard materials
Where can isolation and evacuation distances be found
Isolation or evacuation distances are shown in the guides orange bordered pages and in table one of the green bordered pages
If an entry is highlighted in green in either the yellow border pages or the blue border pages and there is no fire, where should I go in the guidebook?
Go directly to table one of the green bordered pages
At hazardous materials incidences, are chemical cartridge respirators and/or 95 filter masks acceptable respiratory protection?
No the only acceptable respiratory protection is the SCBA.
What is the minimum amount of personal protection required at a hazardous materials incident
Full turn outs with SCBA.
What are the two general types of firefighting foam
Regular foam and alcohol resistant foam
Which foam should be used on a fire involving polar solvents such as alcohol's or ketones?
Use an alcohol resistant foam. Polar solvent fires may be difficult to control and require a higher foam application rate than other flammable liquid fires.
What type of foam should be used for petroleum products
A regular foam. Example: Aqueous Film Forming Foam
What should be done when firefighting materials that are water reactive?
Consider letting the fire burn out or leaving this spill alone, except to prevent spreading by diking.
How are we limited in controlling vapors
First responders may not have the most effective vapor control agent for the particular material. They are likely to have only water and one type of firefighting foam.
When using water to form a vapor seal what care should be taken
When water is being used to form a vapor seal, care must be taken not to churn or further spread the spill during application
What are the main hazards of a BLEVE
Thermal radiation from the fire
How will a pressure relief valve help reduce the possibility of a BLEVE?
A pressure relief valve will help reduce the pressure with in the tank and eventually empty the contents of that tank.
What equipment may be attached to a tank to prevent BLEVE?
Tanks may be equipped with thermal barrier's or have a water spray cooling system. This will significantly increase the times to failure and the times to empty.
How much heat can be blocked by a thermal barrier installed in a tank
A thermal barrier can reduce the heat input to a tank by a factor of 10 or more. This means it could take 10 times as long to empty the tank through the pressure relief valve
What are the two safety distances for public evacuation regarding a tank that is in danger of BLEVE?
The minimum distance and the preferred evacuation distance. The minimum distance is based on a tank that is launched with a small elevation angle, basically horizontal.
A preferred evacuation distance assumes the tank is launched at a 45° angle from horizontal.
If water is being used to cool a metal tank, what is the formula that should be used to figure out the correct amount of water flow?
The formula is 5 times the square root of the capacity of the tank. This will equal to gallons per minute needed to cool the tank metal.
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