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69 terms

Review questions for the test

A severe deficiency of thyroid hormone leading to nonpitting edema, coarse facial features, dry skin, and dry coarse hair is known as
This disease is characterized by flat, expressionless, or mask-like facies, a staring gaze, oily skin, and elevated eyebrows
Parkinson's syndrome
A medical diagnosis is used to evaluate
a person's state of health
When considering cultural competence, there are three main steps to understanding the health care needs of others. These include understanding your personal heritage, the meaning of health to the client, and
understanding the health care delivery system and how it works.
Interviewing traps include using
avoidance language
The health care system may help abused women by:
Identifying abuse in the early stages
Pain signals are carried to the central nervous system by way of:
efferent sensory fibers
Neuropathic pain implies which of the following
An abnormal processing of the pain message
A flat macular hemorrhage is called a(n):
A red-purple skin lesion from blood in the tissue from breaks in blood vessels is called
The extraocular muscles consist of four straight or ________ muscles and two slanting or ______ muscles
rectus; oblique
When inspecting the eyeballs of a black individual, which of the following might you expect to observe?
Small brown macules on the sclera
Which of the following findings is associated with Horner's syndrome
A unilateral small regular pupil that reacts to light and accommodation
The Corneal reflex is mediated by cranial nerves:
V and VII
Several changes occur in the eye with the aging process. The thickening and yellowing of the lens is referred to as:
Senile cataract
When using the opthalmoscope you would
remove your own glasses and approach the patients left eye with your left eye
a patient has blurred peripheral vision. you supect glaucoma, and test the visual fields. A person with normal vision would see your moving finger temporally at
90 degrees
A person is known to be blind in the left eye. What happens to the pupils when the right eye is illuminated by a penlight beam
both pupils constrict
Use of the ophthalmoscope an interruption of the red reflex occurs when
there is an opacity in the cornea or lens
When inspecting the eyeballs of a black individual, which of the following might you expect to observe
Small brown macules on the sclera
Which of the following findings is associated with Horner's syndrome?
A unilateral small regular pupil that reacts to light and accommodation
The position of the tympanic membrane in the infant is more ________________, making it more difficult to visualize with the otoscope.
Prior to examining the ear with the otoscope, the ____ should be palpated for tenderness
pinna, tragus, and mastoid process
While viewing with the otoscope the examiner instructs the person to hold the nose and swallow during this maneuver the eardrum should
the sensation of vertigo is the result of pathology in
the semicircular canals
A common cause of conductive hearing loss is
impacted cerumen
the most common site of nose bleeds is
Kiesselbach's Plexus
A 70-year old woman complains of dry mouth. the most frequent cause of this problem is
related to medications she may be taking
during an inspection of the nares, a deviated septum is noted the best action is to
document the deviation in the medical record incase the person needs to be suctioned
the function of the nasal turbinates is to
warm the inhaled air.
a nasal polyp may be distinguished from the nasal turbinates for the 3 of the following reasons. which reason is false
False: the polyp is highly vascular
True: the polyp is movable, pale gray in color, and non tendor
Which of the following pairs of sinuses is absent at birth, is fairly well developed between 7 and 8 years of age, and is fully developed after puberty?
The parotid gland's duct that opens into the mouth opposite the second molar is:
Stenson's duct
One of the purposes of the paranasal sinuses is to
lighten the weight of the skull bones.
Which of the following questions would you ask to determine whether an individual has epistaxis?
Do you experience nose bleeds?"
When examining the mouth and throat, you ask the individual to stick out the tongue. Your observation of the tongue notes the presence of a fine tremor that accompanies which of the following conditions?
Sarah Jones, 81, is having an annual mammogram. Before the mammogram, the nurse does a breast examination. Expected findings would include:
palpable, firm, stringy lactiferous ducts
The number of lobes within the breast ranges between:
15 to 20
Gynecomastia can accompany...
Cushing's syndrome. cirrhosis of the liver. hormonal treatment and other medications.
The relative proportion of glandular, fibrous, and adipose breast tissue depends on
nutritional status. the reproductive stage. sex.
The examiner is going to inspect the breasts for retraction. The best position for this part of the examination
sitting with band pushing onto hips
during the examination of the breast of a pregnant woman, you would expect to find
the blue vascular pattern over both breasts
Which of the following manifestations associated with breathing may be evident in an individual with COPD
Pursed-lip breathing
Which of the following findings relates to the assessment of voice sounds?
With egophony over areas of consolidation, the "eee" sound changes to an "aaa" sound.
Fetal pulmonary development is measured by the ratio of which two factors present in the amniotic fluid
Lecithin and sphingomyelin
The gradual loss of intraalveolar septa and a decreased number of alveoli in the lungs of the elderly cause which of the following?
Decreased surface area for gas exchange
Which of the following is a true statement regarding the findings related to percussion?
Percussion is helpful only in identifying surface alterations of lung tissue
Which of the following guidelines may be used to identify which heart sound is S1?
S1 coincides with the carotid artery pulse.
Which of the following cardiac alterations occurs in the pregnant female?
An increase in cardiac volume and a decrease in blood pressure
Which of the following does NOT increase in the pregnant female
Blood pressure
The ability of the heart to contract independently of any signals or stimulation is due to which of the following characteristics
The unique characteristic of the heart is its ability to independently contract and pump blood, which is identified as:
The semilunar valves separate the
ventricles from the arteries
In pulsus paradoxus:
beats have weaker amplitude with respiratory inspiration and stronger with expiration.
The cervical nodes drain the
Head and neck
Pyloric stenosis is defined as a(n):
congenital narrowing of the pyloric sphincter
Which of the following refers to the four layers of large, flat abdominal muscles
ventral abdominal wall
When assessing an individual for the presence of a herniated nucleus pulposus, which of the following maneuvers would you ask the individual to perform?
Raise the legs straight while keeping the knee extended
Which of the following physiological processes takes place within the musculoskeletal system?
The extrapyramidal system is located in which of the following parts of the brain
The basal ganglia
Testing the deep tendon reflexes gives the examiner information regarding the intactness of the
reflex arc at specific levels in the spinal cord.
Involuntary muscle movements may be described by which of the following terms?
Clonus that may be seen when testing deep tendon reflexes is characterized by a(n):
set of rapid, rhythmic contractions of the same muscle.
The presence of primitive reflexes in a newborn infant is indicative of which of the following?
Immaturity of the nervous system
Which of the following procedures is associated with testing cerebellar function?
Rapid alternating movements
During your assessment of extraocular movements, you note that there is some back-and-forth oscillation of the eyes in the extreme lateral gaze. Your impression of this response is:
this is an expected response during this examination and the expected movement of the eyes during this procedure.
Urinary frequency commonly occurs with:
benign prostatic hypertrophy, prostatitis, prostate carcinoma.
A deep recess formed by the peritoneum between the rectum and the cervix is called
a rectouterine pouch.
Adnexa is/are:
uterine accessory organs