45 terms

EZ. Need to Know Lab Values NCLEX. LVN. LPN.

Lab values. Under construction.
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Sodium (NA)
135-145 meq
Potassium (K)
3.5-5 meq
Calcium (Ca)
8.5-11 mg/dl
Magnesium (Mg)
1.3-2.2 mg/dl
Phosphorus (PO)
3.0-4.5
Glucose (fasting)
70-100
pH
7.35-7.45,
over 90 years 7.25-7.45
Pa CO2
35-45 mmHg
Pa O2
>80-100mm Hg
HCO3 (bicarb)
21-26 meq or 24 - 30.
Cl (chloride)
98-106 meq
RBC's males
4.7-6.1 million
RBC's females
4.2-5.4 million
HGB
males: 14-18
females: 12-16
HCT
males: 42-52%
females: 37-47%
WBC's
5,000-10,000 mm3
Erythrocyte Sedimentation rate
<20 mm/hr
Total Serum Cholesterol
desirable less than 200mg/dl, less than 150mg/dl is target range for therapy to reduce risk of CV
LDL
less than 100mg/dl
HDL
greater than 40 for men
greater than 50 for women
Triglycerides
less than 150
Therapeutic INR
2.0-3.0
PT
11-14 seconds. Therapeutic range for anticoag therapy is 1.5-2 X normal range
PTT
16-40 range, remain <40 sec. Therapeutic range for anticoag therapy is 1.5-2.5 X normal value
INR
Normal 0.9-1.2
If client needs anti-coagulation, desired value 2-3
Albumin
3.8-5
Ammonia
35-65
Total bilirubin
0.0-1.5
Total Protein
6-8
Urine Specific Gravity
1.005-1.030
Urine pH
average 6.0, range 4.6-8.0
Presence of glucose in urine
negative
Presence of RBC's in urine
negative
Presence of WBC's in urine
negative
Presence of albumin in urine
negative
Bacteria in urine
< 1000 colonies/mL
Serum creatinine
Adults 0.6-1.2 or 0.7 - 1.5
Kids: 0.2 - 0.7
BUN
10-20, or 8-20, or 8-25.
GFR
90-120 mL/min
Digoxin Level
0.8-2.0 ng/mL
Lithium Level
0.4-1.0 meQ/L
Magnesium sulfate
Levels are obtained 1 hour after loading dose and then every 6 hours, and the maintenance dosage should be titrated to maintain a level of 4-8
Phenobarbital
10-30
Theophylline
10-20
Hb A1C
5-7