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Arts and Humanities
History of Europe
The Renaissance- WW
Terms in this set (39)
a person who provides financial support for the arts
Meaning of Renaissance
powerful banking family who ruled Florence in the 1400s, patrons of the arts, ruled for about 3 centuries
A value that developed during the Renaissance in Italy. It emphasizes developing one's talents to the fullest and being skilled in multiple fields to become the "Renaissance man".
a person with many talents or areas of knowledge, well rounded personality, goal of the Renaissance, "universal man"
An intellectual movement that focused on human potential and achievements
Areas of study that focus on human life and culture, such as history, literature, and philosophy
An Italian author who wrote the book The Courtier in 1528. He described the ideal Renaissance man and woman and taught people how to become one.
worldly; not connected with a church or religion
An artistic technique that creates the appearance of three dimensions on a flat surface.
(1475-1564) An Italian sculptor, painter, poet, engineer, and architect. Famous works include the mural on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, and the sculpture of the biblical character David. Had a realistic style when depicting the human body
Florentine sculptor famous for his lifelike sculptures that had natural positions and expressions (1386-1466)
Leonardo da Vinci
Italian painter, engineer, musician, and scientist, genius of the Renaissance, filled notebooks with engineering and scientific observations that were in some cases centuries ahead of their time, best known for The Last Supper (1495) and Mona Lisa (1503)
Known as the father of Renaissance Humanism. He lived from 1304-1374 as a cleric and committed his life to humanistic pursuits and careful study of the classics. He resisted writing in the Italian vernacular except for his sonnets, which were composed to his "lady love" who spoke no Latin.
Wrote the Decameron, used humor to convey human conditions and emotions
Renaissance writer; wrote The Prince, a work on ethics and government, describing how rulers maintain power by methods that ignore right or wrong; accepted the philosophy that "the end justifies the means."
born noble; married Marquis of Pescara; exchanged sonnets with Michelangelo; helped Castiglione publish The Courtier; reflected personal emotions
known for portraits which capture the family in everyday activities (The Chess Game), one of the few women artists of the Renaissance
An accomplished female painter; elected to the Florentine Academy of Design; one of the first female artists to paint historical and religious paintings.
Everyday language of ordinary people
an Italian city-state and leading cultural center during the Renaissance, home of the Medici family
Florence architect who was the first great architect of the Italian Renaissance (1377-1446), built the dome on top of the Florence Cathedral. considered crazy for his ideas, wrote in code and never shared the details of his plan till the end
Italian Renaissance painter who painted members of the Medici family and religious figures, ainter of the Primavera and Birth of Venus, created a new type of art that was not based around religion, involved fantasy, imagination, and nudity in some cases.
Learned from Da Vinci and Michelangelo, painter of the school of athens, used perspective a lot and helped advance realism
Second in the line of Medici rulers, patronized the arts, the most risky being the funding of Brunelleschi's Dome, was put in jail and exiled, but got back in and became ruler again
Lorenzo de Medici
Italian statesman and scholar who supported many artists and humanists including Michelangelo, Leonardo, and Botticelli (1449-1492), got very sick in the end of his life leading to him fearing hell, eternally damned by Savonarola
1452-1498 Franciscan friar in Florence who objected to many of the new art styles in the Renaissance, gained power in Florence in 1494 at a time of Medici weakness and was a strick harsh ruler, overthrown in 1498 and burned at stake. Medici returned to power but great age of Florence had passed.
Bonfire of the Vanities
The burning of books, jewels, and other items that are sacrilegious to bring the kingdom of heaven to earth. led by Savarola after Lorenzo's death.
Helped create the printing press creating movable type, printed the first bible, helped make books become cheaper and easier to purchase and produce
Dutch Humanist and friend of Sir Thomas More, believed the problems in the Catholic Church could be fixed, wrote Praise of Folly.
Flemish painter, used vibrant colors to portray lively scenes of peasant life
(1533-1603) Queen of England and Ireland between 1558 and 1603, considered to be one of the most successful rulers of all time, very educated and supported the development of the arts
A popular English playwright and poet in the Renaissance, his plays usually examined human flaws, wrote Macbeth, Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet, and more
English humanist that wrote books that revealed the complexities of man, wrote Utopia (no place in Greek), a book that represented a perfect society free of war, greed, and corruption,
a leading German painter and engraver of the Renaissance, painted religious subjects, myths, and landscapes
painted very realistic looking portraits that resembled photographs
Jan Van Eyck
Flemish painter who was a founder of the Flemish school of painting and who pioneered modern techniques of oil painting (1390-1441)
Christine de Pizan
highly educated Renaissance-era woman who was among the first to earn a living as a writer; wrote books, including short stories, novels, and manuals on military techniques (in French); her The Book of The City of Ladies and other works spoke out against men's objections to educating women, and championed formal education for women
"man is the measure of all things"
A statement by the ancient Greek philosopher Protagoras. Part of humanism
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