39 terms

UIL ART SMART Terms 2019

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composition
the placement or arrangement of visual elements or ingredients in a work of art.
perspective
the art of drawing solid objects on a two-dimensional surface so as to give the right impression of their height, width, depth, and position in relation to each other when viewed from a particular point.
cool colors
blue, green, and violet
secondary colors
a color made by mixing two primary colors..green, purple, orange
point of view
the position an observer in relation to the objects in a picture.
subject
the topic, or subject represented in a work of art.
abstract
uses a visual language of shape, form, color, and line to create a composition.
background
the ground, or parts of a scene.
still life
a work of art showing mostly inanimate subject matter (food, flowers,dead animals,plants, rocks) or man made (drinking glasses, books, vases, jewelry, coins, and so on) spmething that doesn't MOVE
primary colors
sets of colors that can be combines to make a useful range of colors; red, yellow, and blue
history and legend
tells stories about important people and events
portraits
a picture of a person
genre
shows ordinary people doing ordinary things (man fishing)
landscape
painting of outdoor views of natural scenery
Neoclassicism
a style of painting, developed during the Modern period of art history, which imitated the style of ancient Greek and Roman sculpture and architecture. Paintings in this style usually have grand themes from history and legend as subject matter. They generally include formal, balanced compositions, use strongly drawn lines to define forms, and have smooth, polished canvases.
neutral colors
colors such as black, white, tan, and beige, which have neither a warm nor a cool effect in painting.
perspective
the illusion of depth or distance
perspective
the way artists use many different elements and techniques to make pictures on a flat surface seem to have space and distance; for example, objects painted in cool colors seem farther away than objects painted in warm colors; lines that narrow from foreground to background make objects like roads and rivers seem to stretch into the distance; using soft edges instead of sharply drawn lines, or leaving out details in background objects, makes the objects seem farther away; painting objects smaller at the top of a painting makes them seem farther away than objects painted larger near the bottom.
point of view
the position from which the viewer sees objects in a painting. Examples include, looking at the objects on a table while sitting in a chair drawn up to the table, or looking at those same objects while standing across the room.
Pointillism
a style of painting that developed late in the Modern period of art history, in which the picture is composed of tiny dots, or points, of color placed very close to one another on the canvas. The individual dots of color create a shimmering effect in the completed image.
portrait
a painting of a person, usually on formally posed and looking outward from the painting.
group portraits
paintings that feature more than one person
primary colors
red, yellow, and blue, colors that cannot be made by putting other colors together.
Renaissance
a period of art history, approximately 1400-1600.
Renaissance
Artists from this period studied the styles of ancient Greece and Rome. It was an age of exploration and discovery in science, philosophy, and art. Techniques of showing perspective and methods of painting with oil-based paints were developed.
Renaissance
During this period of art history, the Catholic Church continued to be an important patron of the arts, but the rise of a wealthy middle class led to new interest in nonreligious paintings.
Renaissance
The art from this period is remarkable for its bright, pure colors, its use of symbols, and its very formal approach to subject matter and to composition.
rhythm
something that repeats, and creates a kind of pattern. Artists create this by using elements like colors, lines, and shapes, which helps create the mood of a painting, or that move our eyes to different parts of a painting.
Rococo
a fancy, "frilly" style of painting that developed in France near the end of the Baroque period of art history. The subjects of paintings in this style usually are wealthy people, often engaged in activities of recreation or amusement.
Romanticism
a style of painting that developed during the Modern period of art history. Not all artists of this style painted alike or chose the same kinds of subjects for their art, but they all believed that painting should express emotions about man in the modern world.
Romanticisim
Artists of this style valued truth and sincerity in art above classical harmony and conventional beauty. These artists often pictured nature as wild and powerful, beyond man's ability to control. For others, the permanence of nature was an anchor for man in a world where everything else was changing rapidly.
seascape
a type of landscape painting that features large expanses of water, usually the ocean or the sea, but occasionally a large lake.
secondary colors
colors like green, purple, and orange, made by combining primary colors
still life
a painting of objects that do not move. Most, but not all, are close-up views of carefully arranged groups of objects, shown in an indoor setting, often on a table top.
symbol
something that stands for or suggest an idea. For example, a halo or the color blue might suggest holiness, flags might suggest patriotism, a pocket watch might suggest the passage of time.
texture
the way an object feels on its surface when you touch it; may be hard or soft, rough or smooth. Paintings themselves can be smooth or rough, depending on how the artist applies the paint.
Twentieth Century
a period of art history, approximately 1900-2000.
Twentieth Century
a period of art history which includes many styles, but is different from other periods of art history in the freedom artists felt to move away from the physical world as their subjects and paint what they felt or imagined, whether it was recognizable to viewers or not.
Twentieth Century
This period includes Fauvism, Cubism, and many other styles of semi-abstract and abstract art.

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