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North American Studies
US History ch 17
Terms in this set (73)
Final link connecting the west and east coasts of the continental US
the railroad company that began building of the transcontinental railroad from its eastern starting point in Omaha, Nebraska
Railroad company that began construction of the Transcontinental railroad in Sacramento, California; moved Eastward.
Pikes Peak Gold Rush
1859 gold rush which settled Colorado
Large amount of silver ore in Utah
Method cowboys used to move large herds of cattle north from ranches in Texas
Cattle handlers who drove large herds across the southern Great Plains
un-fenced public land for grazing cattle
1862 act that opened the west to settlement of the Great Plains
oklahoma land rushes
opening of millions of acres of Oklahoma for settlement on a set day in time.
vast grassland between the mississippi river and the rocky mountains
cultivation of crops by careful conservation of water
Invented in 1870
When and where was the transcontinental railroad completed?
may 10, 1869 in Promontory Point, Utah
what do you think played a major role in the explosion of the mining industry?
the quick transportation of railroads and the incentive of money and becoming rich
if the cattle drive was nonexistent, how would our country today be different?
the meat packing industry would be less prominent
some major cities would be smaller or even nonexistent
Included people from many Indian nations including Cheyenne, Arapahos, Piutes, and Sioux. Came into great conflict with settlers because settlers did not respect the Indian land.
Ferocious fighters who defeated American forces at little big horn
Areas of federal land set aside for Native Americans
lasted from 1876-1877. greedy miners were breaking their treaty with the Indians. The Sioux Indians were led by Sitting Bull. Custer led these forces until he was killed at the battle at Little Bighorn. Many of the Indian were finally forced into Canada, where they were forced by starvation to surrender.
George Armstrong Custer
United States general who was killed along with all his command by the Sioux at the battle of Little Bighorn (1839-1876)
American Indian chief, he lead the victory of Little Bighorn
Military leader of the Sioux during the Sioux War
Custer's Last Stand
At the Battle of Little Bighorn: Custer and men defeated by 2500 Sioux warriors
Wounded Knee Massacre
In December 1890, Army troops captured some of Sitting Bull's followers and took them to a camp. 300 Sioux men, women, and children were killed
1887 law that distributed reservation land to individual Native American owners
if the government was fair to the Indians, how different would our nation be today?
land situations would be different (no reservations)
Two incentives the federal government gave railroads to build a transcontinental line
1. Each mile of track laid, railroad companies would receive land grants
2. The government provided loans to them
2 railroad companies that built Transcontinental Railroad
Union Pacific and Central Pacific
Three metals that were profitably mined in the west
Gold silver and lead
Why did ranchers raise longhorn cattle for cattle drives
They could survive the long and harsh drive
How did pioneers overcome the lack of trees in the Great Plains in building houses and fences
Built dirt houses and invented barb wire
What animal was key to the survival of the plain Indians? Name two uses of this animal
Buffalo. Food and clothing
What was the goal of the American government in its campaigns against the Indians
Try to take their land and stop violence between settlers and Indians
Who was the most famous Calvary officer of the Sioux war and who were his opponents
George Custer. Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse
Why did the Indian victory at Little Bighorn work to the advantage of US army
It scattered the Indians and allowed Americans to go into the land
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers
De Lome Letter
Spanish Ambassador's letter that was illegally removed from the U.S. Mail and published by American newspapers. It criticized President McKinley in insulting terms. Used by war hawks as a pretext for war in 1898.
American battleship that sunk in 1895
U.S. naval commander who led the American attack on the Philippines
Battle of Manila Bay
Major American victory over Spain in pacific
First organized Calvary in Spanish American war
Battle of Santiago Bay
fought between Spain and the United States on July 3, 1898, was the largest naval engagement of the Spanish-American War and resulted in the destruction of the Spanish Caribbean Squadron.
Filipino General - helped US take Philipines during Spanish-American war - helped Philippines gain freedom from US
3 factors that hastened the US war with Spain
Yellow journalism, de Lomé letter, and the sinking of the uss maine
2 editors and their papers who were the leading partitioners of yellow journalism
William Hearst's New York journal and Joseph Pulitzer's New York world
What was the central issue of the presidential election 1900? Who were the leading candidates and where did they stand on this issue
American imperialism. Democrat Bryan opposed it. Republican McKinley embraced it
Napoleon III declared him emperor of Mexico but he was executed
Warships owned and commanded by the Confederates but built in British shipyards
commodore of the US Navy who opened up Japan with the Treaty of Kanagawa
Treaty of Washington
British-American treaty addressing grievances from the civil war: the British reimburses the US for damages done by their warship the Alabama
Treaty of Kanagawa
With Japan. Signed by Matthew perry
Organize and maintain positive diplomatic relations among the states
Open door policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
A 1900 revolt in China, aimed at ending foreign influence in the country.
A policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
Purchase of Alaska and date
The largest single American acquisition after the civil war
Student Volunteer Movement
began in 1886 and appealed to college students to consider foreign missions
Term given to mission agencies that have no guaranteed income but depend on support
3 factors that caused the end of open range cattle industry
Cattle overgrazed the land, cold winters killed lots of cattle, railroads made the long drives not necessary
Why did Americans call the Great Plains the great American desert
They were nearly treeless and had little rainfall
2 actions the government took to alleviate the plight of American indians
Gave them full citizenship
Indian reorganization act- helped preserve the remaining Indian lands
Three major goals of American foreign policy
Defend Western Hemisphere from European intervention
Create new economic opportunities for American trade
Extend territory of US
3 methods by which an imperialist nation might acquire territory
Purchase, annexation, or conquest
What event caused the US to hasten to annex Hawaii
Queen Lil Revolution
Name one territory the US gained by each method- purchase, annexation, conquest
2 major naval battles of Spanish American war
Manila bay and Santiago bay
Year Oklahoma land rushes opened 6 million acres
Who was named the hanging judge
Where is the junction of the transcontinental railroad
Promontory point, Utah
The transcontinental railroad was mainly built by immigrants from these two places
China and Ireland
Year Oklahoma land rushes opened 3 million acres
Do you think the Spanish American war was justified?
America didn't actually need to gain more land. They were just acting selfishly.
America never needed to go into Cuba cause it was Spanish ruled.
Yellow journalism was also intended to stir up the American people by reporting lies.
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