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PSY 200 Chapter 25
Terms in this set (15)
What are tokens?
conditioned reinforcers that can be accumulated and exchanged for goods.
What is a token economy?
behavioral program in which individuals can earn tokens for a variety of desirable behaviors and can exchange the earned tokens for backup reinforcers.
What are 2 major advantages to using tokens as reinforcers?
Bridges - long delays between target response
Easier to deliver consistent, effective reinforcer to group
List 5 settings in which token economies have been used.
List 5 behaviors that token economies have been designed to develop.
List and describe 5 initial steps involved in setting up and managing a token economy.
Decide on target behavior, select token, decide reinforcers, manage back reinforcers
What 6 characteristics should a token have?
attractive, easy to carry and dispense, and difficult to counterfeit.
What is the recommended number of tokens per child for a teacher to have on hand when starting a token economy in a classroom?
What is a token economy store? Give an example.
How often should store time be held in a token economy for schoolchildren?
Once per day
What are 3 considerations for deciding the token price of each backup reinforcer?
What are 4 sources of potential help for managing a token economy?
How should tokens be delivered?
What are 2 general methods of weaning individuals from tokens when transferring behavior to the natural environment?
What is one precaution to help ensure high ethical standards for a token economy?
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