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ATI TEAS Secrets-Reading
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Terms in this set (31)
Events are in a sequence, usually in an orderly fashion.
Problem-Solution text structure
Present a problem and offer a solution
Descriptive Text structure
Describe events, ideas, or people. Clearly depicts specific story and/or subject. May be informative, persuasive, and entertaining.
compare and contrast structure
Comparing two or more items in how they are alike. Comparing uses words like: both, same, like, too.
Contrasting two or more items in how they are different. Contrasting uses words like: but, however, and instead.
cause and effect structure
An event that causes something to happen. and the effect happens due to the event. often uses words like: Since, due, and because.
Has a plot, characters, and figurative language that stimulates imagination.
Goal is to teach/ inform readers. It non-fictional, to the point and is organized.
Tries to explain complex ideas in a simple way. Tend to follow a set of directions, ooks like an outline, and common in medical and technological fields.
tries to convince readers to agree with author. Tends to appeal reader's emotions and author makes claims based on opinion. May seem informative, so be careful. Will not offer alternatives, and if so, it will be very biased. Claim is first introduced, and then back up is used to persuade readers.
Descriptive language that goes beyond literal meaning. Exaggeration is a type of figurative language. Uses similes and metaphors. Colorful language.
use a different word that doesn't mean the same exact thing as the word it replaces. Authors use metaphors to describe an item without being direct and obvious. They set tones.
Same as metaphor but doesn't fully replace the word. They use words such as: like and as. Authors obviously indicate that item is not the same as the word. Ex: the sun was LIKE an orange or it's eager AS a beaver.
Making something humanlike. Description of a non-human item in a human way.
literal meaning of a word. Usually factual writings are denotative. Most are non-fiction.
Emotional reaction the word evokes. Usually fictional connotative meanings.
usually are to inform, persuade, or entertain.
factual and have thesis. To educate. Be careful in confusing with persuasive.
Often in narratives or poems. May be fictional or non-fictional. Likely containing colorful language. Careful to confuse with persuasive or informative because writings may appeal to readers' emotions.
Headings and Subheadings
many informative texts use these for organization. Headings give a topic and subheadings give topics of smaller sections.
Bold Text and Underlining
authors use these to communicate meanings to the reader. Bold emphasizes importance. Underlining serves a similar purpose and is used on occasion beneath titles of books, magazines, and works of art. But that was more common in typewrites. Nowadays , italics is used for titles.
also used for important words and when words is being defined in the passage. Also used for titles of books, magazines, long operas, and epic poems. shorter works are typically placed with quotation marks.
is documentary evidence closest to the subject.
is a review of the subject made by others.
best sources online are those affiliated with established institutions, such as universities, public libraries, and think tanks. A site is easier to trust when author provides some information about himself.
are hints to reader to predict events in plot; foreseeing.
look for critical hedge phrases, scubas likely, may, can, will often, among many others. Extreme positive or negative answers (such as always or never) are usually incorrect. Correct answers can be derived straight from the passage.
is an issue, an idea, or a question raised by the text. An example is Cinderella shows perseverance. A passage may have many themes.
Journal Article considerations
Source, length, authority (by experts), date, audience, usefulness.
uses the x, y graph
uses rectangular blocks, or bars, of varying sizes to show the relationships among variables and illustrates sets of numerical data.
aka circle graph, is useful for depicting how a single unit or category is divided. They are not effective at demonstrating the relationships between parts of different wholes
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
ATI TEAS Secrets Science
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