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Old exam Introduction European economics policy
Terms in this set (22)
The council of the EU makes most of its decisions by?
Qualified majority voting
How many new states was added to the EU at its 2004 expansion?
When did the European Parliament become a directly elected body?
Give three examples of the democratic role performed by the European Parliament
In the Community Method, the role of proposing legislation to Parliament and the Council is performed by
The European Commission
In order to adhere to EU, a state needs to
- Must have stable democratic governments
- Respect for the rule of law
- Minorities and Human rights
- A function market economy
-And the ability to take on the obligation of EU membership
List three functions of the European Commission
The Commission initiates legislation. It makes proposals for European laws, which are sent to the Council and European Parliament for amendment and approval.
The Commission acts as a guardian of the EU treaties. It ensures that EU legislation is applied by all Member States. It can institute proceedings against Member States or businesses that fail to comply with EU law.
The Commission acts as an executive body - it manages policies and the annual budget.
The Commission represents the EU on the international stage. It negotiates trade and co-operation agreements with non-EU countries.
Name two official EU candidate countries
Serbia & Albania
What is the EU budget share of GDP
What does TFEU and TEU stands for?
Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union
Treaty on European Union
Who is Donald Tusk?
President of the European Council
What is the Community method?
The Community method is a decision-making procedure that allows for a transparent, effective and democratic functioning of the European Union. It is based on the interplay between three autonomous institutions : the European Commission, the European Parliament, and the Council of Ministers (also called the 'institutional triangle').
List three new provisions of the Treaty of Lisbon
Making it possible to leave
Creating a permenent president for EU
High Representative for Foreign Affairs
What is meant by the "supremacy" of EU law?
EU law takes precedence over conflicting provisions of national law
Name three areas where the EU exclusive competence applies?
the establishing of competition rules necessary for the functioning of the internal market;
monetary policy for euro area countries;
conservation of marine biological resources under the common fisheries policy;
common commercial policy;
conclusion of international agreements under certain conditions.
What is exclusive competence?
Exclusive competences (Article 3 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union — TFEU) areas in which the EU alone is able to legislate and adopt binding acts. EU countries are able to do so themselves only if empowered by the EU to implement these acts.
Names three areas where the EU shares competence with Member States?
social policy, but only for aspects specifically defined in the Treaty;
economic, social and territorial cohesion (regional policy);
agriculture and fisheries (except conservation of marine biological resources);
area of freedom, security and justice;
shared safety concerns in public health matters, limited to the aspects defined in the TFEU;
research, technological development, space;
development cooperation and humanitarian aid.
What is shares competence?
Shared competences (Article 4 of the TFEU): the EU and EU countries are able to legislate and adopt legally binding acts. EU countries exercise their own competence where the EU does not exercise, or has decided not to exercise, its own competence.
List three Maastricht criteria
Police and justice
A company may benefit from the right of establishment in order to set up an agency in France if?
It has a registered office in Germany although it does not carry out any business in Germany
Are Estonia and Finland part of EU?
What makes the EU a unique international organization to date?
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