Upgrade to remove ads
Chapter 13 vocab
Terms in this set (28)
Second member of Sui dynasty; murdered his father to gain throne; restored Confucian examination system; responsible for construction of Chinese canal system; assassinated in 618
Also known as Duke of Tang; minister for Yangdi; took over empire following assassination of Yangdi; first emperor of Tang dynasty; took imperial title of Gaozu.
Capital of Tang dynasty; population of 2 million, larger than any other city in the world at that time.
Ministry of Rites
Administered examinations to students from Chinese government schools or those recommended by distinguished scholars
Title granted to students who passed the most difficult Chinese examination on all of Chinese literature; became immediate dignitaries and eligible for high office
Pure Land Buddhism
Emphasized salvationist aspects of Chinese Buddhism; popular among masses of Chinese society.
Known as Zen in Japan; stressed meditation and appreciation of natural and artistic beauty; popular with members of elite Chinese society
Known as Chan Buddhism in China; stressed meditation and the appreciation of natural and artistic beauty
Tang ruler in China; supported Buddhist establishment; tried to elevate Buddhism to state religion; had multistory statues of Buddha created
Chinese emperor of Tang dynasty who openly persecuted Buddhism by destroying monasteries in 840s; reduced influence of Chinese Buddhism in favor of Confucian ideology
Leading Chinese emperor of the Tang dynasty who reigned from 713 to 755 though he encouraged overexpansion
Royal concubine of Tang emperor Xuanzong; introduction of relatives into administration led to revolt.
Founder of Song dynasty; originally a general following fall of Tang; took title of Taizu; failed to overcome northern Liao dynasty that remained independent.
Founded in 907 by nomadic Khitan peoples from Manchuria; maintained independence from Song dynasty in China.
Nomadic peoples of Manchuria; militarily superior to Song dynasty China but influenced by Chinese culture; forced humiliating treaties on Song China in 11th century
Most prominent of neo-Confucian scholars during the Song Dynasty in China; stressed importance of applying philosophical principles to everyday life and action
Revived ancient Confucian teachings in Song era of China; great impact on the dynasties that followed; their emphasis on tradition and hostility to foreign systems made Chinese rulers and bureaucrats less receptive to outside ideas and influences.
Rulers of the Xi Xia kingdom of northwest china; one of the regional kingdoms during the period of Southern Song; conquered by Mongols in 1226.
Kingdom of the Tangut people, north of Song Kingdom, in the mid-11th century; collected tribute that drained Song resources and burdened chinese peasantry.
Confucian scholar and chief minister of a Song emperor in 1070s; introduced sweeping reforms based on Legalists; advocated greater state intervention in society.
Founders of Qin kingdom that succeeded the Liao in northern China; annexed most of the Yellow River basin and forced Song to flee to south.
Kingdom north of the Song Empire; established by Jurchens in 1115 after overthrowing Liao dynasty; ended 1234.
Rump state of Song dynasty from 1127 to 1279; carved out of much larger domains ruled by the Tang and northern Song; culturally one of the most glorious reigns in Chinese history
Built in 7th century during reign of Yangdi during Sui dynasty; designed to link the original centers of Chinese civilization on the north China plain with the Yangtze river basin to the south; nearly 1200 miles long.
Chinese ships equipped with watertight bulkheads, sternpost rudders, compasses, and bamboo fenders; dominant force in Asian seas east of the Malayan peninsula
Chinese credit instrument that provided credit vouchers to merchants to be redeemed at the end of the voyage; reduced danger of robbery; early form of currency
Practice in Chinese society to mutilate women's feet in order to make them smaller; produced pain and restricted women's movement; made it easier to confine women to the household.
Most famous poet of the Tang era; blended images of the mundane world with philosophical musings.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
AP World Ch 9 vocab
AP WORLD CHP 11
Chp 14 Vocab
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
WHAP: Ch. 13 Vocb
AP World History Ch. 12 Terms
Chapter 12 Vocab - AP World History
Stearns Chapter 12 Vocab
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Por VS Para
The Fine Nine