American Red Cross Lifeguarding Chapter 4
Terms in this set (32)
Identifying dangerous conditions or behaviors that can cause injuries and then taking steps to eliminate those conditions or behaviors.
Trying to make sure emergencies do not happen in the first place.
Injuries are either life threatening or non life threatening
Not all injuries can be prevented.
Drowning begins when
A person's mouth and nose are submerged and water enters the airway, regardless of the water depth
Most head neck or spinal injuries at pools result from
High risk/high impact activity (head first entry in shallow water)
An important injury prevention responsiblity is..
Communicating with patrons, informing and educating them about inapropriate behaviors and the potential consequences of them.
Steps for stopping a patron from risky behavior.
1) Get attention (blow whistle, excuse me)
2) Explain the hazard or danger
3) Explain a better, safer option
What to do if someone repeatedly breaks rules while guarding
-tell them to leave the water for a certain amount of time
-signal for someone not guarding to explain rules and rationale
-if it is a child, explain rule and problem to adult too
-if patron or parent is uncooperative, summon manager
-report any incidence in daily log
A major goal of patron surveillance is...
looking for behaviors that indicate someone may need assistance
With instructional classes...
The instructor is responsible for the safety of the class, but you still have the duty to scan, enforce rules.
Considerations and questions that need to be answered for effective guarding:
-what things could go wrong that are unique about this activity?
-what is the swimming ability of these patrons?
-are there any special challenges to recognizing an emergency or performing a rescue?
-do the patrons have any medical conditions that increase chances of emergency?
Having an instructor present may help you to ensure patron safety because they may be:
Familiar with special equipment the class they are instructing uses.
Familiar with the behavior and comfort levels of the patrons
Able to help in the emergency related to the class (SCUBA)
Things to note when guarding areas for young children:
-older children might be too large for some structures
-play might be too rough for little kids
-toddlers fall easily
-children get lost
-kids pee in the pool
-kids sunburn easily (inform kid's parent)
While guarding at play structures:
-do not let it become overcrowded. might need to restrict number of patrons on it.
-do not allow patrons to swim underneath places they shouldn't
-watch that patrons return to the surface after coming out of a slide
-pay attention to children in shallow water, might run and fall
-watch for horseplay
Guidelines for guarding attractions
-watch patrons enter and exit the attraction
-dispatch patrons when it is okay for them to go
-watch water below and activities overhead
-keep patrons in view as long as possible
-ensure patrons who submerge return to surface
When Stationed At Top of Slide
-make sure patrons meet high requirement
-tell them how to ride the slide
-tell them not to stop on the slide
-help riders with the equipment
-confirm that riders are ready to go and signal them to start
-if pushing riders off, push by using tube handles
-dispatch the next rider at proper intervals
-use hand signals with lifeguard at bottom of slide
-cannot see bottom lifeguard, use light signals
When Stationed At middle of slide
-watch for riders who stop, slow down, stand, or form a chain
-lose their mat or have trouble getting down the slide
-hit their head on a part of the slide
if this happens, alert the guard at end of the slide and assist patrons if you can
When Stationed at Bottom of Slide
-watch all riders exiting the slide into the water
patrons may not realize depth of pool and need assistance
-assist riders who appear to be off balance or get caught underwater
-help riders if they are disoriented or frightened from the ride
-ensure that riders do not cross in front of any other slide in the catch out pool
-signal the lifeguard at the top of slide when each rider has moved away and it is clear to send the next rider
When Guarding Winding/Lazy Rivers:
-Ensure patrons enter and exit at designated locations
-Watch for inexperienced swimmers falling of their tubes
-Watch for risky behavior
Guarding Wave Pools
-Ensure patrons only enter from shallow end
-When waves are on, stand up to get a better view
-Watch for swimmers who get knocked over or carried by waves
-Do not let patrons dive into waves or through tubes
-Keep areas around ladders clear
-Keep other swimmers out of the pool during special activities, like surfing
-Before performing a rescue, turn the waves off using the emergency stop
-Rotate positions only when waves are off
When Guarding Groups
-Ensure swimming areas are divided by swimmer's abilities and are marked
-Ensure patrons stay in sections appropriate for their abilities
-Provide U.S coast guard life jackets for weak or non swimmers
-Know who the group leaders are
-Ensure that chaperones are actively supervising members of their group and that the appropriate swimmer to chaperone ratio is met
-Signal for additional lifeguard coverage, such as a roving lifeguard, if you feel you cannot effectively cover your zone
Strategies for Safe Group Visits
Before the group comes, the pool should know how many swimmers there will be, how many are non swimmers and swimmers, and inform the staff how to help the guards in an emergency
Conducted when group arrives. Purpose is to educate members on policies and rules and to point out key safety issues.
Classification of Swimming Abilities:
Swim tests are used to determine if a visitor has the minimum level of swimming ability required to participate safely in activities.
Strategies for Safe Group Visits
Designation of Swimming Areas
Swimming areas should be clearly marked and defined according to swimmer's abilities and intended use.
Identification of group leaders
Your facility should use an identification system so that lifeguards and other facility staff can easily locate leaders.
Supplemental groups strategies
Buddy systems are used
How to Conduct a Safety Orientation
Cover general water safety and information specific to your facility
-Ensure group leaders are present, and easily identifiable
-Make it fun and build a rapport with the group. Ask questions rather than talking.
-Identify areas where they can swim and not swim
-Confirm the swimmer to supervisor ratio and divide the group so that group leaders have a designated set of people to oversee
-Issue and identification or swim classification bands to swimmers
How to Administer a Swim Test
each facility should have its own requirements based on the specific facility
never administer a swim test while on duty scanning
-have the swimmer take the test in a safe place, near a wall or lap lane
-have the swimmer take the test in shallow water first
-if shallow water successful, move to deep water
-be prepared to assist a person who may struggle in the water
-ensure the chaperone is present during the test
-ensure the person has safely exited the water
then tell the swimmer where they can swim
TO be eligible to swim in deep water:
-patron should be able to jump into water, and begin to swim
-swim at the surface of the water without using support
-be able to swim a distance equal to the max width of the deep water area
-demonstrate breath control- picking up or turning head while swimming
-exit the water on their own
Guarding at Youth Camps
-all campers should be given a swim test
-after the first test, they should be given another one at some point to see if they have improved
-used by camps to enhance safety for swimming groups
-one participant is paired with another of the same swimming skill
-the pair then is assigned to a swimming area that meets their skill
-if buddies don't have similar skills, they should stay in the area of the weaker swimmer
-buddies are instructed to stay together and be responsible for each other
helps keep track of everyone in the swimming area
-is usually a large, permanent structure mounted within the confines of the swimming area
-based on the first swim test, each person gets a colored tag with their name on it and group designation, such as a cabin number.
-tags should be color coded by swimming ability
-a lifeguard or other staff member is at the board to make sure the tags are placed correctly and that everyone who enters or leaves the area moves their tag accordingly
- before the buddies enter the water, they move their tags on the hooks that show where they will be swimming. tags should be next to eachother to show they are a pair.
-buddies must move their tags to a different part of the board if they want to change swimming areas
-when they leave, they move it to the "out" section
to account for all swimmers and to teach buddies to continuously monitor their partners
Use a prearranged signal to tell the swimmers they are issueing a buddy check.
The buddies grasp each other's hands, raise their arms over their heads and hold while staff counts.
Method 1 for confirming staff has accounted for everyone in a buddy check
Lifeguards count the swimmers in each area and relay those numbers to monitor. The monitor check the numbers against the total on the buddy board or other device.
Method 2 for confirming staff has accounted for everyone in a buddy check
Each pair of buddies is given a number. The monitor calls the numbers in order and buddies respond when their numbers are called.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Lifeguarding/ Spinal Injuries/ First Aid
Lifeguarding Chapter 4 Review
American Red Cross Lifeguard Ch. Review
Chapter 5 American Red Cross Lifeguarding
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Verb Set #25
Verb Set #23
Verb Set #22
Verb Set #21
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
American Red Cross Lifeguarding: Chapter 6
American Red Cross Lifeguarding: Chapter 7
American Red Cross Lifeguarding: Chapter 3
American Red Cross Lifeguarding: Chapter 9