US History Unit 2
Terms in this set (37)
1858-1919. 26th President. Leader of the Rough Riders, Our first progressive president
President Theodore Roosevelt's plan for reform; all Americans are entitled to an equal opportunity to succeed, Focused on busting trusts, gov't regulation of big biz, fair chance for labor, and environmental conservation
This 1906 law used the Interstate Commerce Commission to regulate the maximum charge that railroads to place on shipping goods.
Meat Inspection Act
1906 - Laid down binding rules for sanitary meat packing and government inspection of meat products crossing state lines.
Pure Food and Drug Act
a law passed in 1906 to remove harmful and misrepresented foods and drugs from the market and regulate the manufacture and sale of drugs and food involved in interstate trade
The Progressive Era
A time when people wanted to solve the problems created by the Industrial Revolution
belief that assimilating immigrants into American society would make them more loyal citizens
Booker T. Washington
black leader who encouraged blacks to move slowly toward racial progress, to gradually win American respect and rights. "Earn a skilled trade.¨ Had the ¨Cool name¨
W.E.B. Du Bois
black leader; urged African Americans to immediately demand all the rights guaranteed by the constitution. Had the ¨Lame Name¨
group of African American thinkers that pushed for immediate racial reforms, particularly in education and voting practices
(NAACP) National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
After attacks on blacks in Springfield Illinois locals joined w/ Niagara to form NAACP. Must protect their civil rights and their lives if ever going to earn voting rights.
network of churches and clubs that set up employment agencies and relief efforts to help poorer workers in cities; buy clothes, books, and send children to school.
Organized groups of Mexican Americans that make loans and provide legal assistance to other members of their community
A group opposed to the use of alcohol
The right to vote.
The term "birth control" was first coined the in a pamphlet Sanger (1879-1966) published in 1914. A medical organization she founded, the Birth Control Research Bureau, evolved into Planned Parenthood in 1942.
The 1920 constitutional amendment that gave women the right to vote.
Writer who uncovers and exposes misconduct in politics or business
Leading muckraker. 1093, published "the shame of the cities" exposed Philadelphia gov excessively high fees
Influential muckraker. Photographer, published "how the other half lives" on the urban poor
Reform movement that emerged in the late 19th century that sought to improve society by applying Christian principles
Community center organized to provide social services to the urban poor at the turn of the twentieth century
Leading figure in settlement house movement. Opened "hull house" in Chicago.
Election in which citizens themselves vote to select nominees for upcoming elections
Process in which citizens put a proposed new law directly on the ballot
Process that allows citizens to approve or reject a law passed by a legislature
Process by which voters can remove elected officials from office before their terms end
Government policy common prior to Progressive Era. Encouraged a limited or "hands off" approach to economic problems by the government.
Allowed for the direct election of US Senator. Citizens felt this was necessary due to government corruption.
Prohibited the manufacture, sale, and distribution of alcoholic beverages
muckraker who shocked the nation when he published The Jungle, a novel that revealed gruesome details about the meat packing industry in Chicago. The book was fiction but based on the things Sinclair had seen.
Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire
(1911) 146 women killed while locked into the burning building (brought attention to poor working conditions)
newspapers that used sensational headlines and exaggerated stories in order to promote readership
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, socially, and economically. (AKA Expanding beyond your countries borders)
Reasons for Imperialism
1) Natural Resources
2) Markets for our goods
3) Spread religion/culture/democracy
4) Military Strength/bases
National Parks System
created by Theodore Roosevelt to increase conservation efforts across the nation. Most were originally located in the Western portion of the country