4.1 Animal Biology Terms
Terms in this set (34)
The intake of water, gases, nutrients or other substances.
Pertaining to organisms that grow only in the presence of oxygen, as bacteria in properly prepared compost.
Living or active in the absence of free oxygen.
The branch of biology that deals with the structure of organisms.
Also called the plasma membrane.
Energy yielding oxidative reactions in living organisms that typically involve transfer of oxygen and the production of carbon dioxide and water as end products.
A minute protoplasmic body sometimes held to be the dynamic center of mitotic activity.
The amount of a component in a given mass or volume.
Protein filaments and microtubules in the cytoplasm that controls cell shape and is involved in cell movement.
The process by which molecules move from an area of greater concentration to an area of lesser concentration.
Structure extending throughout the cytoplasm of a cell.
Cellular tissue covering all the free body surfaces, cutaneous, mucous, and serous, including the glands and other structures derived therefrom.
A state that exists when the concentration of a substance is the same throughout a space
Cell organelle, important for glycosylation and secretion in cells.
To spend the winter in close quarters in a dormant condition, as bears and certain other animals.
Describing a solution whose solute concentration is higher than that inside a cell
Describing a solution whose solute concentration is lower that than inside a cell
Describing a solution whose solute concentration equals that inside a cell.
A directional or positional term meaning away from the middle or toward the side
An organelle bounded by a membrane and containing enzymes capable of breaking down proteins and other molecules.
A thin, flexible sheet of vegetable or animal tissue.
Physical and chemical processes in an organism by which living matter is produced,maintained, and destroyed, and by means of which energy is made available.
Cell organelles composed of an outer membrane and a winding inner membrane.
A spherical body found within the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell.
The central portion of the cell protoplast surrounded by a very thin membrane.
The flow of water through a semi-permeable membrane separating two solutions, which permits the passage of the solvent but not the dissolved substance
A unit of protoplasm in one cell.
The gelatinous, colloidal material of plants and animals in which all life activities occur
A chemical process that takes place in living cells whereby food (fats, carbohydrates, and proteins) is "burned" (oxidized) to release energy and waste products.
A particle that lies along the endoplasmic reticulum and is composed of a protein portion and RNA.
Membrane bounded sac derived from the Golgi apparatus and containing material that is to be released from the cell.
A dissolved substance
Groups of cells working together to carry out a common function, such as muscle tissue, connective tissue, and epithelial tissue.
A cavity that is within the cytoplasm, filled with a watery fluid, bound by a membrane, and considered to be nonliving
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