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History Alive Chapter 6

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settlements
small communities created by explorers
Roanoke
island off the coast of North Carolina, first English settlement, "lost colony"
Jamestown
first successful English settlement
Plymouth
settlement in New England, Pilgrims sought religious freedom
colonists
people who settle in colonies
tobacco
plant whose leaves are dried and turned into material for smoking, sniffing, or chewing
Common House
meeting hall in a settlement or colony
Captain John Smith
a settler and leader at Jamestown
Squanto
a Native American who helped the Pilgrims at Plymouth
Captain John White
a settler and leader who discovered that the settlers at Roanoke had disappeared
Mayflower
the ship that carried the Pilgrims to Massachusetts
Mayflower Compact
this agreement, signed by the Pilgrims, described the way they planned to govern themselves
House of Burgesses
elected representatives in the Jamestown settlement
marsh
a low area of wet land that is sometimes unhealthful for people