Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Quiz 13 (Chapter 15 and 16)
Terms in this set (12)
Know what IQ tests are:
o What is standardization
o What are IQ tests used for and how do they relate to school success
o What are the criticisms of IQ tests (4 of them)
Designed to measure "innate mental capabilities"
Used to identify learning problems and special needs
IQ highly related to school success, but:
Limited in what skills are measured
may be culturally biased
- Does not measure parts of intelligence valued in other cultural groups.
- Content is more familiar to one cultural group
- Standardized using middle-class, - Euro-American students
- Failing to account for multiple intelligences-
- Human intelligence cannot be measured by a single score,
- There are many types of intellectual competence.
Know the definitions of Piagetian terms: Decentration, Reversibility, and Causality
Piaget: Characterizes children's thinking from age 5-7 to 12
Decentration: Can coordinate two ideas at the same time
Reversibility: Can mentally reverse the steps of a process
Causality: Understand cause and effect, but with some limitations
Still need learning experiences with concrete opejects
Know the definitions and applications (how do these concepts help children's development) of Vygotsky's concepts of Self-directed Speech, Verbal thought, and Zone of Proximal Development
Social interaction and language are crucial
Self-directed speech = verbal behavior where children talk to themselves (e.g. narrating actions) to solve problems.
Verbal thought = Consciously manipulative language in ones mind.
Zone of proximal development = The point at which a task is just beyond a child's ability to accomplish alone.
Guide child's learning with hints, questions, or modeling.
Know what Implicit and Explicit Memory are and the differences between the two
Implicit memory: Memory that cannot be consciously retrived by a child. Allows recognition only when something previously experienced is revisited.
- Procedural Memory: Memory of actions previously performed; repeated without thought
- Visual Memory: Subconscious storage of visual images, May recognize object/event if observed again
- Auditory Memory: Subconscious storage of sounds, May recognize when the sounds are heard again
Explicit memory: Memory that can be consciously by the child to solve a problem or learn.
- Working Memory: Multiple items at once, Used to solve problems
- Short Term Memory:Items stored for immediate use, Will be forgotten
- Long Term Memory:Info that can be retrieved, Used frequently, Stored for long period of time
Know the different Metacognitive strategies (Rehearsal, Labeling/Organizing, and Paying Attention)
Metacognition- Ability to think about and control internal thought processes
Rehearsal - repetition or practice that helps one remember information and skills
Labeling and organizing- noticing similarities and differences, naming, and grouping
Paying attention - directing and maintaining attention on what is to be learned
Know what other factors, besides cognitive development, may play a role in school achievement in some cultural groups
Family attitudes towards school
Know the different types of atypical phonological development and what those difficulties consist of
Know what Metalinguistic Awareness is and some examples of this by age 7
Know what Pragmatics are and the concept of referential communication
Know the different forms of bilingual education (immersion, maintenance/development, and two-way), what they entail and how effective they are/what the results are
Know the different stages of reading (picture-governed and print-governed) and what the characteristics are of each stage. Also know ways to promote reading.
Know the different stages of learning to write and the five ways to promote writing.
Sets with similar terms
Child Psychology- Chapter 7
PSYC 250 Ch 7: Cognitive Development-Information P…
Psychology Test 2
Other sets by this creator
Quiz 14 (Chapter 17)
PSY 322 Final Exam
Quiz 12 (Chapter 14)
Quiz 11 (Chapter 13)