rhm 321 test 3
Terms in this set (43)
international tourist are classified in 2 ways, what are they?
inbound and outbound tourist
Explain how international tourism may be important to a country?
-contributes to GDP
-promotes growth and development of infrastructure
-promotes cultural, social, and economic exchange
For a travel destination to be attractive to international tourism, the destination should do what to present the destination?
-shopping and commercial facilities
-infrastructure of the region
-sports, recreation, and educational facilities
-natural beauty & climate
-cultural & social characteristics
-accessibility of the region
-attitudes toward tourists
what is life-seeing tourism?
-tourism activities that allows traveler to get a real-life purposeful experiences based on his/her interest areas
-not just the high points of a given location
List the factors faced by a traveler when considering international tourism.
-uniqueness of a destination
-safety and security
-travel experiences desired
What is a Developing Country?
-countries that suffer from high infant mortality, low economic development, high levels of poverty, low utilization of natural resources, unstable government, high rates of illiteracy, and lacks basic human necessities for its citizens
What does it mean to be a responsible international traveler. What are 4-5 things you can do to be a responsible traveler when you travel internationally?
-learn (respect) about the culture before departure
-be sensitive to destinations combatting over-tourism
-shop locally made goods
-think green, leave no trace, conserve energy
-think before you act with wildlife activities
-educate others to be responsible travelers
what is twinning tourism?
-the recreation (imitation) of international tourism domestically
how are twinning and life-seeing tourism important to international tourism?
-introduces prospective travelers to a particular destination
-forms a mutual-interest partnership
-reduces stress related to traveling to an unfamiliar destination
-particularly helps psychocentric travelers
-twinning leads to life-seeing experiences
what challenges do developing countries face when promoting tourism to the country?
-amenities too expensive for developing country's abilities
-flow of currency and products
-volatile tourism activity
-lack of human resources
-sanitation standards are different
List and describe the 4 broad groups of the supply and demand components of tourism.
1. natural resources and environment
2. the built environment
3. operating sectors
4. spirit of hospitality and cultural resources
what is infrastructure?
underground and surface developmental construction needed for the basic functioning and daily lives of the residents of a region
ex. roads, sewage, hospitals
what is superstructure?
facilities constructed primarily to support visitation and visitation activities of visitors/travelers to a region
ex. special events, food services, accommodations
What is the Spirit of Hospitality, and it's role in tourism
What are the challenges influencing supply that must be considered by tourism planners?
-seasonal variations/temperature changes
-productivity of natural resources
-quality of natural resources to maintain/sustain
-constrained by demand
what is tourism demand?
a schedule of the amount of any product/service that people are willing and able to buy at each specific price during a specified period of time
what is task analysis?
the procedure used in matching supply with demand
what is carrying capacity?
the amount of use an environment (destination) is capable of sustaining under certain circumstances
what is leakage?
the amount of money spent outside the local tourism area in support of local tourism activities and services
what are tourism multiplier concepts?
the additional economic activity that results when the money is spent and re-spent in a region from the purchase of local goods and services
what is tourism comparative advantage?
advantage over other industries because tourism:
1. has features that are highly attractive
2. is easily accessible to many potential tourists
Why is understanding the demand for tourism important in tourism?
-planning future tourism development
-projecting financial feasibility
-marketing and sales programs
-increasing future demand
-ensuring sufficient supply
Explain how the demand of a destination is influenced by the propensity and resistance to travel
-propensity increases demand
-resistance inversely related to demand
what are the factors that increase propensity?
what are the factors that increase resistance?
-cost of tourist services
-quality of service
What are the various types of demand data that is usually measured and used by tourism planners and developers?
1. # of visitors arrived
2. means of transportation
3. length of stay
4. type of accommodation
5. how much was spent
What are the 3 major goals of tourism?
1. maximize psychological experience for tourists
2. maximize profits for firms providing goods and services to tourists
3. maximize direct (primary) and indirect (secondary) impacts of tourist expenditures on a community or region
List 5-6 criticism that mass tourism has on the environment.
1. global warming
2. depletion of the ozone layer
3. acid rain
4. depletion and pollution of water resources
5. depletion and pollution of land resources
what is sustainable development?
-a process to meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs
-is an objective of tourism
-achievable through establishing appropriate processes
what is green tourism?
any activity or facility operating in an environmentally friendly fashion
What is sustainable tourism?
-a condition of tourism, not a type
what is ecotourism?
responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and sustains the well-being of local people
what are core indicators?
indicators of sustainable tourism which have been developed for general application to all destinations
what are site-specific indicators?
developed uniquely for the particular site
what are destination specific indicators?
applicable to particular ecosystems or types of tourism
Explain the difference between sustainable development and sustainable tourism.
-development is an objective of tourism and is achievable through establishing appropriate processes
-sustainable tourism is a condition of tourism
What are the 3 key areas that are the foundation of Sustainable development in tourism?
1. economic sustainability (generates profit)
2. social sustainability (human rights and equal opportunities)
3. environmental sustainability
(conserving and managing resources)
List 5-6 SDGs for 2030 that is developed by the UNWTO, and explain how each goal can be accomplished through tourism.
-clean water and sanitation
What are the implementation issues related to sustainable development of tourism?
1. defining the relevant population/community
2. defining the time horizon
3. defining the dimensions of sustainability
What are the 3 primary principles related to ecotourism?
What are the characteristics of a hard ecotourist?
-strong environmental commitment
-makes own travel arrangements
List the recommended guidelines of a Responsible traveler.
1. prepare for your trip
2. respect local traditions
3. avoid display of wealth
4. be flexible with expectations
5. conserve resources
6. support local economies
7. bridge cultural gaps
what are the characteristics of a soft ecotourist?
-moderate environmental commitment
-short or day trips
-relies on guides
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