15 terms

Indian Removal Vocab

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Battle of Horse Shoe Bend
battle between the U.S. and its Indian allies against the Red Creek Creeks; last battle of the Creek War
McIntosh, William
Creek chief who illegally signed the Second Treaty of Indian Springs; was murdered by his tribesmen for this action
Red Stick War
A Creek Indian civil war between the Red Stick and White Stick factions of the tribe. The Red Sticks want to resist white encroachment and return to their traditional society. The U.S. Army, the Tennessee and Georgia militia, and other Native American tribes joined in the war defeating the Red Sticks at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend in 1814
Second Treaty of Indian Springs
treaty signed by William McIntosh that gave the remainder of Creek land to Georgia; McIntosh was killed for this act
Treaty of Indian Springs
An 1821 treaty signed by the Creek Indians and the United States that forced the Creek Nation to cede all of its lands east of the Flint River in Georgia
White Sticks
Creek Indians during the Red Stick War who were loyal to the United States
Cherokee Indians
Native American tribe that lived in northwestern Georgia; forcefully removed from the state in the early 1830's
Dahlonega Gold Rush
Site of America's first gold rush in 1828; discovery of gold in the area was a factor in the Cherokee removal
Indian Removal Act of 1830
act signed into law by Andrew Jackson that required the removal of the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole to Indian Territory
Jackson, Andrew
seventh president of the United States who was an advocate of Indian Removal
Marshall, John
Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme court who ruled in favor of the Cherokee in the Worcester vs. Georgia case; President Andrew Jackson refused to enforce the Supreme Court's ruling
Ross, John
Principal Chief of the Cherokee Indians who tried to use legal means to fight against removal
Trail of Tears
final removal of the Cherokee Indians from Georgia in 1838; over 4,000 people died on the forced march from Georgia to Oklahoma
Treaty of New Echota
a treaty between the U.S. Government and a minority representation of the Cherokee tribe that ceded all Cherokee land in the Southeast to the United States and allowed for their move to Indian territory (Oklahoma); three of the Cherokee signers of the treaty (Major Ridge, John Ridge, and Elias Boudinot) were killed for signing over Cherokee land for personal profit
Worcester v. Georgia
landmark Supreme Court case which declared that the Cherokee were sovereign and not subject to the laws of the United States. However, Andrew Jackson refused to enforce the Court's decision and the Cherokee were later removed from Georgia