21 terms

4.2 Animal Biology Terms

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Anatomy
The branch of biology that deals with the structure of organisms.
Bone
A piece of the skeleton of a vertebrate.
Cardiac
That which is related to the heart
Cartilage
A firm but pliant type of tissue forming portions of the skeleton
Circulation
The pulsatory movement of blood in the body
Digestion
The changes that food undergoes within the digestive tract to prepare it for absorption and use in the body.
Epithelial Layer
Cellular tissue covering all the free body surfaces, cutaneous, mucous, and serous,including the glands and other structures derived therefrom
External
Located or seen on the outside.
Hock
The region of the tarsal joint in the hind leg of a horse or other quadruped, corresponding to the angle in people.
Internal
Existing or located on the inside
Ligament
Any tough, dense, fibrous, band that connects bones or supports viscera.
Monogastric
Refers to an animal that has only one stomach or stomach compartment, such as swine.
Muscle Tissue
Type of tissue that contains cell material with the specialized ability to contract and relax.
Organ
A distinct part of a plant or animal that carries on one or more particular functions
Physiology
The science that deals with the function of a plant or animal's body and its organs, systems, tissues, and cells.
Reproductive System
The organs of the body, either male or female, concerned with producing offspring
Respiration
In animals, the act of breathing.
Ruminant
Any one of a class of animals including sheep, goats, and cattle that have multiple stomachs.
Tendon
The strong tissue terminating a muscle and attached to a bone, for leverage purposes; usually a dense, cord-like structure or various thicknesses.
Tissue
Groups of cells working together to carry out a common function, such as muscle tissue, connective tissue, and epithelial tissue.
Vertebrate
Animals with a spinal column or backbone, such as fishes, birds, mammals, and so forth.