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20 terms

World History

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despot
An Enlightened _____ was a ruler who influenced political and social change.
education
In A Vindication of the Rights of Woman, Mary Wollstonecraft argued that women and men should have equal ______.
salon
An informal social gathering where Enlightenment thinkers exchange ideas is a _______.
baroque
The term ______ describes a grand, ornate style of art and architecture popular during the age of Louis XIV.
slave
In the 1700s, British merchants gained enormous wealth by dominating the ______ trade with Spanish America.
encyclopedia
Diderot's __________ was important because it spread Enlightenment ideas.
classical
Elegant compositions by Handel, Haydn, and Mozart reflected a new musical style of the Enlightenment known as ________.
John Locke
________ was an Enlightenment thinker who argued that the purpose of government is to safeguard the natural rights of the people.
laissez faire
Physicrats supported a government policy of _______.
Diderot
_______ helped spread Enlightenment ideas by compiling articles of leading thinkers into a 28-volume work.
Joseph II
_____ was an enlightened despot who traveled among the peasants in disguise to learn about their problems.
Adam Smith
Economist ______ argued that, in a free market, business activity would be regulated by the forces of supply and demand.
Scientific Revolution
Enlightenment thinkers were influenced by the idea of natural law that emerged from the _______.
rococo
The term ______ describes a light and delicate artistic style popular during the reign of Louis XV.
censorship
Enlightenment writers faced ________ because they challenged the old order.
natural law
The rules discoverable by reason used by Enlightenment thinkers to apply to the study of human behavior and society were ________________.
Candide
Voltaire's novel, _______, exposes corruption and hypocrisy.
social distinctions
Because the American colonies were home to diverse religions and ethnic groups, ____________ were more blurred than in Europe.
censorship
Enlightenment writers sometimes tried to avoid _______ by disguising their ideas as fiction.
censorship
During the Enlightenment, the government and the church officials used the argument that God set up the old order to justify their war on ___________.