US History - Imperialism
Terms in this set (32)
Empire building; policy of extending power & control over weaker nations
negotiating with other nations (ex: American acquisition of Louisiana Territory, Oregon, Alaska)
US naval base in Hawaii; used as a refueling station for US navy ships
Area of land controlled by a nation.
a country that is technically independent but is actually under the control of another country
the exaggerated style of newspaper reporting during the 1890s that was sparked by the rivalry between two New York City newspapers and helped inflame public support for war with Spain
William Randolph Hearst
newspaper publisher & tycoon; owner of New York Journal
newspaper publisher tycoon, owner of the New York World
U.S. Battleship that exploded in Havana Harbor in 1898; Evidence suggests an internal explosion, however Spanish military was framed by Yellow Journalism; The incident was a catalyst for the Spanish American War
De Lome Letter
Private letter from Spanish ambassador de Lome to the US that called president McKinley weak and made the US angry
extreme patriotism, especially in the form of aggressive or warlike foreign policy.
In 1898, a conflict between the United States and Spain, in which the U.S. supported the Cubans' fight for independence
Volunteer regiment of US Cavalry led by Teddy Roosevelt during the Spanish American War
San Juan Hill
Location of an important American land victory in Cuba during the Spanish-American War
Treaty of Paris 1898
Treaty between the US and Spain that ended the Spanish-American War. TERMS: Cuba is independent, US gets Puerto Rico and Guam, US pays $20 mill to annex Philippines
Provisions in the Cuban constitution that gave the United States rights to intervene in Cuban affairs and to buy/lease land for naval bases.
Repealed by FDR in 1934 though the US still has Guantanamo Bay Naval Station
Sphere of Influence
an area in which an outside nation claims exclusive trading privileges, as foreign powers did in China during the 1890s
Open Door Policy
a U.S. policy issued in 1899 stating that foreign nations must allow free trade in China
A 1900 Uprising in China aimed at ending western foreign influence in the country.
an organization established on June 15, 1898 that opposed the American annexation of the Philippines after the Spanish-American War. Members included Andrew Carnegie, Jane Addams, Mark Twain, President Grover Cleveland
the taking control of a territory and adding it to a country
the Hawaiian queen who was forced out of power by a revolution started by American business interests
Sanford B. Dole
US businessman- urged the overthrow of Hawaiian queen. He became president of the new Hawaiian gov't after the Queen was pushed out
Canal built across the Isthmus of Panama to
link the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans; Opened in
the set of guidelines and practices that a nation follows in its relations with other nations
Monroe Doctrine (1823)
President Monroe's statement of foreign policy warning European powers against future colonization/interference in the western hemisphere
Roosevelt Corollary / Big Stick Diplomacy
Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in Latin America by using military force.
The Roosevelt Corollary formalized his "big stick policy"
Big Stick Diplomacy
Diplomatic policy developed by T.R where the "big stick" symbolizes his power and readiness to use military force if necessary. It is a way of intimidating countries without actually harming them and was the basis of U.S. imperialistic foreign policy.
"Speak softly and carry a big stick"
President Taft's approach to foreign policy focusing on encouraging and protecting US trade and investment in Latin America and Asia
Wilson's foreign policy in which support was given only to countries whose moral beliefs are similar to that of the USA. Focus on promoting democratic ideals abroad
Francisco "Pancho" Villa
Mexican Revolutionary general who was one of the most prominent figures of the Mexican Revolution. President Wilson sent General Pershing to capture Villa after he and his followers attached and burned a border town and killed people
John J. Pershing
US general who chased Villa over 300 miles into Mexico but didn't capture him
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