68 terms

Bible − Old and New Testament

Bible Notes
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Saul
first king of Israel; moody
David
second king of Israel; military king who united the twelve tribes of Israel and made Jerusalem the nation's capital; was a shepherd who played the harp and wrote 150 Psalms (or songs); killed Goliath
Solomon
third king of Israel; wise king who built the Temple in Jerusalem and wrote the book of Proverbs
prophet
spokesperson for God who called people back to right relationships
Jeremiah
prophet who preached God as a potter
Elijah
"disturber of Israel"; "in-your-face" prophet
Isaiah
prophet who preached that God will send a savior
Micah
prophet who preached to act justly, love tenderly, and walk humbly with God
Amos
prophet who called for justice for the poor
John the Baptist
prophet who was the bridge between the Old and New Testament; eccentric; preached to prepare the way for Jesus
Saul, David, and Solomon
first three kings of Israel (in order)
Jeremiah, Elijah, Isaiah, Micah, and Amos
prophets of the Old Testament
Babylonians
first to conquer Israel; took important people as slaves; destroyed the Temple
Samaritans
people left behind during the Babylonian captivity
diaspora
scattering
Babylonian captivity
time when the Hebrew Scriptures were written and the Jewish people started living their faith through their actions and rooting it in their hearts
Cyrus of Persia
conquers Babylon and sets the Jews free to return to Israel
Alexander the Great
Greek who conquers Israel
Hellinization
the spread of Greek culture
Septuagint
Greek translation of the Old Testament
Pentateuch
Greek name for the first five books of the Bible; used by non-Jews
Romans
conquered Israel after Alexander the Great
occupied
Israel was _____________ land under the Roman empire.
taxed
The Romans ___________ the Jews, using men such as Matthew and Zacchaeus to collect this money.
John the Baptist
baptized Jesus
repentance
Baptism symbolized _____________.
New Age
The Jordan River symbolized a ___________ ___________.
voice
At Jesus's Baptism, the __________ was the Father.
Jesus
At Jesus's Baptism, ___________ was the Son.
dove
At Jesus's Baptism, the __________ was the Holy Spirit.
73
There are _____ books in the Catholic Bible.
library
The Bible is referred to as God's ___________.
inspired
"in the zone"
Old Testament
Hebrew Scriptures
Torah
first five books of the Hebrew Scriptures for Jews
Historical Books
The kings of Israel are found in this part of the Old Testament.
Wisdom Books
The books of Psalms, Proverbs, and Ecclesiastes are found in this part of the Old Testament.
Ecclesiastes
Wisdom book that deals with time
Prophetic Books
part of the Old Testament that tells about the prophets
Christian Scriptures
New Testament
Gospel
Good News
synoptic
similar
Matthew, Mark, and Luke
synoptic Gospels (in the order listed in the Bible); have similar miracles and parables
Matthew
Gospel writer who was a tax collector and unpopular
Mark
Gospel writer who was very young and cowardly
Luke
Gospel writer who was a physician; fascinated by miracles; mentioned women in his writings; wrote Acts of the Apostles
John
unique Gospel writer who wrote long speeches
John
"Beloved Apostle" because he was at the foot of the cross; Jesus's best friend; wealthy fisherman
Acts of the Apostles
book of the New Testament about the early Christian community
Acts of the Apostles
book of the New Testament about Pentecost, Roman persecutions, and spreading the Gospel
13
Paul wrote ____ letters.
Saul
bounty hunter of Christians
beheading
Paul was killed by ______________ because he was a citizen of Rome.
Paul's Letters
Thessalonians, Romans, and Galatians are books in this part of the New Testament.
7
There are _____ Catholic Letters.
Apostles
writers of the Catholic Letters
John
writer of the Book of Revelation
Revelation
last book of the Bible that is very symbolic
eschatology
study of the end time
Incarnation
core truth of the Catholic faith that states that Jesus, the Son of God, became human to save us
Incarnation
The Four Purposes of _______________:
to save us
to reveal God to us
a role model of holiness ("new Adam")
share life with us through covenant and relationship
Magisterium
the teaching office of the Church that makes decisions regarding the faith
Scripture; Tradition; Holy Spirit
_____________, ______________, and the ____________ _____________ help us make decisions in the Church.
Holy Spirit
The ___________ _____________ is creative and unpredictable.
46
There are _____ books in the Old Testament of the Catholic Bible.
27
There are _____ books in the New Testament.
Revelation
gradual coming to know God
spirituality
relationship with God