Grammar

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Terms in this set (...)

Sentence
A group of words that express a complete thought
Fragment
A group of words that does not express a complete thought
run-on sentence
made up of two or more sentences that are incorrectly run together as a single sentence
noun
A person, place, thing, or idea
verb
expresses action or state of being
common noun
a general name e.g. man, religion, document
proper noun
names someone or something
particular e.g. Andrew Jackson, Buddhism,
the Declaration of Independence
pronouns
Replaces a noun. Examples: I, he, she, they, it, his
adjective
a word that modifies a noun or pronoun
adverb
is a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb by making its meaning more specific.

Saul carefully arranged the flowers.
(modifies verb arranged)
Midori was very careful. (modifies adjective
careful)
Pavlik left quite hastily. (modifies adverb
hastily)
preposition
is a word that shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun to some other word in a sentence.

The child ran across the hall. (Across shows the relationship between ran and the hall.)
He was interrupted during his speech.
(During expresses the time relationship between two events.)
The extra room is for guests. (For relates the noun room to the noun guests.)
conjunction
a word that joins single words
or groups of words.
interjection
a word or phrase that expresses emotion or exclamation. An interjection has no grammatical connection to other words.

Oh, she wanted to go.
compound word
Two or more words combined to create a new or more specific word.
contraction
is two words made shorter by placing an apostrophe where letters have been omitted.

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