51 terms

American Revolution Study Set With Pictures

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Terms in this set (...)

Alliance
Agreement between nations to aid and support one another.
Blockade
Shutting a port or roadway to prevent people or supplies from coming into or leaving an area.
Continental
Form of paper money printed during the American Revolution.
Deserter
Military person who leaves or runs away from service without the intention of going back.
Diplomacy
The act of conducting negotiations between nations and people.
Grievance
Formal complaint.
Guerrilla
Fighter who works as a part of small band to make hit-and- run attacks.
Liberty
Freedom.
Mercenary
Soldier who fights for pay and is often hired by a foreign country.
Natural Rights
Rights that belong to every human being (not government given rights).
Petition
Formal written request to someone in authority that is signed by a group of people.
Privateer
Armed civilian ship that had the government's permission to attack enemy ships and keep goods seized.
Rebellion
Open, organized and armed resistance to one's government or ruler.
Redress
The setting right of what is wrong.
Revolution
The overthrow and thorough replacement of an established government or political system by the people governed.
Strategy
The overall plan or method of a military operation to achieve victory.
Tactics
The maneuvers of a military operation.
Treason
The act of betraying one's country.
Tyranny
The abusive use of absolute power and authority by a king.
Unalienable Rights
Natural Rights listed in the Declaration of Independence, namely, Life, Liberty and Pursuit of Happiness.
Lexington and Concord
First battles of the American Revolution
Bunker Hill
Early loss for Patriots in Boston. More British soldiers died than Americans, leading to confidence despite the loss.
Fort Ticonderoga
British fort captured by Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold, supplying Americans with weapons and cannons.
Saratoga
Major American victory that was considered a turning point in the American Revolution. The French became our allies and started helping us fight the British.
Declaration of Independence
Document written by Thomas Jefferson that listed the reasons why the American Colonies were separating from Britian and making their own country.
Olive Branch Petition
Pleasantly worded petition to the King from the colonists stating their loyalty to the King and their anger towards Parliament.
Trenton
Battle in New Jersey where Washington crossed the Delaware and defeated an entire Hessian force on December 26, 1776
Yorktown
Final battle of the American Revolution where the British surrendered to the Continental Army
Valley Forge
Winter of 1777-1778 where Washington's troops faced horrible conditions at camp outside of Philadelphia.
Treaty of Paris
The official document ending the American Revolution and granted the United States freedom from Britian.
Hessians
German mercenaries hired by the British to fight the Americans
George Washington
Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army
Thomas Jefferson
Founding Father and writer of the Declaration of Independence
Thomas Paine
British-born Founding Father and author of two motivating pamphlets, "Common Sense" and "The American Crisis".
Alexander Hamilton
Founding Father and senior aide to General Washington during the American Revolution
King George III
Ruler of Britain
Paul Revere
Member of Sons of Liberty, famous for midnight ride warning the Massachusetts countryside of the march of British troops to Concord
John Hancock
Founding Father, leader of the Sons of Liberty, President of the Second Continental Congress
Samuel Adams
Founding Father, leader of the Sons of Liberty
General John Burgoyne
British General who lost to the Americans at the Battle of Saratoga
Lord Cornwallis
British General in charge of all British forces in the Colonies, surrendered to Washington at Yorktown.
Nathanael Greene
American General in charge of the war in the South
Benedict Arnold
Patriot (Fort Ticonderoga) turned Traitor (West Point)
Ethan Allen
Patriot leader of the Green Mountain Boys, assisted in the capture of Fort Ticonderoga
Henry Knox
American General in charge of heavy artillery (cannons) under General George Washington
John Paul Jones
American privateer who brought the fight to the shores of England. Considered the founder of the United States Navy
Nathan Hale
Patriot spy from Connecticut who was captured and hanged by the British
Minutemen
Colonial militiamen who were ready to fight in a minute's notice
Continental Army
The army created by the Second Continental Congress to fight in the Revolutionary war.
Baron von Stueben
Prussian military leader whose experience and training helped Washington's men become a powerful army
Marquis de LaFayette
French nobleman who fought with General Washington in the American Revolution

Flickr Creative Commons Images

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