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AP Literature exam vocab review
Terms in this set (73)
A reference within a piece of literature to another work of literature, art, or music or to a well known historical event, person, or place. The purpose of an allusion is to give us a fuller understanding of the piece of literature in which it appears by helping us to see it in comparison with something else we may know better.
A speaker's, author's, or character's disposition toward or opinion of a subject.
details (also choice of details)
The individual items or parts that make up a larger picture or story.
devices of sound
the techniques of deploying the sound of words, especially in poetry. Among devices of sound are rhyme, alliteration, assonance, consonance, and onomatopoeia. The devices are used for many reasons, including to create a general effect of pleasant or of discordant sound, to imitate another sound, or to reflect a meaning.
Choice of words
Writing that uses figures of speech such as metaphor, simile, irony. Uses words to mean something other than their literal meaning.
Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)
Figure of speech where the intended meaning and the actual meaning differ, characteristically using praise to indicate blame, or using blame to indicate praise.
A figurative use of language in which a comparison is expressed without using like or as.
The methods involved in telling a story; the procedures used by a writer of stories or accounts.
omniscient point of view
Vantage point of a story in which the narrator can know, see, and report whatever he or she chooses. The narrator is free to describe the thoughts of any of the characters, to skip about in time or place, or to speak directly to the reader. Most of the novels of Dickens, Hardy, and Austen employ this writing style.
point of view
In literature, the perspective from which a story is told.
Resources of language
This phrase refers to all the devices of composition available to a writer, such as diction, syntax, sentence structure, and figures of speech. The cumulative effect of a work is produced by the resources of language a writer chooses.
A literary work that criticizes human misconduct and ridicules vices, stupidities, and follies.
The context in time and place in which the action of a story occurs.
A comparison using like or as
Strategy (or rhetorical strategy)
the management of language for a specific effect. the planned placing of elements to achieve an effect.
The arrangement of materials within a work; the relationship of the parts of a work to the whole; the logical divisions of a work.
The mode of expression in language; the characteristic manner of expression of an author.
A thing that represents or stands for something else, especially a material object representing something abstract.
Central idea of a work of literature
A writer's attitude toward his or her subject matter revealed through diction, figurative language, and organization on the sentence and global levels.
A story in which each aspect of the story has a symbolic meaning outside the tale itself.
Multiple meanings that a literary work may communicate, especially when two meanings are incompatible.
A figure of speech that directly addresses an absent or imaginary person or a personified abstraction, such as liberty or love.
The implications of a word or phrase, or the emotions associated with it, as opposed to it's exact meaning.
Literal meaning of a word
A temporary departure from the main subject in speaking or writing.
A pithy saying, often employing contrast.
use of an inoffensive word or phrase in place of a more distasteful one
Characterized by distortions or incongruities. Examples being Poe, and Flannery O'Connor.
Specialized language of a profession or group.
Exactly true, rather than figurative or metaphorical
Songlike; characterized by emotions, subjectivity, and imagination.
A figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase.
A metaphor or simile drawn from nature or common life and told in a simple story or riddle; it uses comparisons to teach
A statement that seems to be self-contradictory but is, in fact, true.
A work that closely imitates the style or content of another with the specific aim of comic effect and/or ridicule.
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
A quality of some fictional narrators whose word the reader can place his trust.
A question asked for effect with no expectation of a reply.
A dramatic or literary form of discourse in which a character talks to himself or herself or reveals his or her thoughts without addressing a listener.
A generalization about a group of people in which certain traits are assigned to virtually all members of the group, regardless of actual variation among the members
A form of reasoning in which two statements are made and a conclusion is drawn from them. A syllogism is the format of a formal argument that consists of a major premise, a minor premise, and a conclusion. Example: Major Premise: All tragedies end unhappily. Minor Premise: Hamlet is a tragedy. Conclusion: Therefore, Hamlet ends unhappily.
The theme, meaning, or position that a writer endeavors to prove or support.
Repetition of initial consonant sounds
Repetition of a vowel sound within two or more words in close proximity
a four-line stanza rhymed abcd with four feet in lines one and three and three feet in lines two and four.
Poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter
A metrical foot consisting of one accented syllable followed by two unaccented syllables
A line that ends with a natural speech pause, usually marked by punctuation
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
a couplet consisting of two rhymed lines of iambic pentamenter and written in an elevated style
a verse line having six metrical feet
A two-syllable foot with an unaccented syllable followed by an accented syllable.
Rhyme that occurs within a line, rather than at the end
A figure of speech in which natural sounds are imitated in the sounds of words.
A line of verse consisting of five metrical feet
A seven-line stanza of iambic pentameter rhymed ababbcc, used by Chaucer and other medieval poets.
: a lyric poem of fourteen lines, usually in iambic pentameter, with rhymes arranged according to certain definite patterns. It usually expresses a single, complete idea or thought with a reversal, twist, or change of direction in the concluding lines.
A group of lines in a poem
A series of three-line stanzas (tercets) with a defined, "interlocking" rhyme scheme (aba, bcb, cdc, etc.). Most are written in iambic pentameter but, whatever the meter, the established meter remains the same throughout the poem. Shorter poems written in this style can end in a coupet.
a verse line having four metrical feet
Every pronoun refers back to a previous noun or pronoun
A group of words containing a subject and its verb that may or may not form a complete sentence.
Indicated by a series of three periods, the __ indicates that some material has been omitted from a given text.
(adj.) necessary, urgent; (n.) a form of a verb expressing a command; that which is necessary or required
To restrict or limit in meaning.
A similar grammatical structure within a sentence or within a paragraph.
A long and frequently involved sentence, marked by suspended syntax, in which the sense is not completed until the final word--usually with an emphatic climax.
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