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Social Psych Chapter 14
Terms in this set (33)
is the application of psychology to the promotion of physical health.
According to stress research pioneer Richard Lazarus (1966, 1993), it is ______ and not ______ stress that causes problems for people.
Following a terrible car accident, Ruby is anxious, socially withdrawn, has difficulty sleeping, and experiences flashbacks of the crash. Ruby is most likely suffering from
posttraumatic stress disorder.
In interviews with hospital patients, Holmes and Rahe (1967) found that illness was often preceded by either a positive or negative major life event. This finding is consistent with the hypothesis that
stress is caused by change.
Selye's (1936) general adaptation syndrome includes all of the following stages except
Psychological stress has been implicated as a factor in a wide variety of illnesses. This can be explained by the fact that stress
compromises the body's immune system.
The habitual tendency to attribute negative events to causes that are stable, global, and internal is characteristic of
a depressive explanatory style.
When people make efforts directed at reducing anxiety, fear, and other internal signs of psychological stress, they are engaging in
is an up-front effort to modify the onset of a stressful event.
Francis is hard-working, competitive, control-oriented, impatient, and hostile, although she is highly successful in her career. Francis is most likely a(n)
Working a second job to pay off credit card bills as an example of ________________
Janice is rushing to a meeting with her firm's most important client and just entered mid-morning traffic. Meanwhile, her children are sick, and her car is malfunctioning. These inconveniences are examples of
T/F: Friendships and other sources of social support have no beneficial effects on physical health and psychological well-being.
T/F: When people feel that the problem is within their control, they are more likely to take an emotion focused approach, rather than a problem focused one, to deal with the stress.
T/F: The most common source of stress are minor everyday hassles.
the process by which people make judgements about the demands of potentially stressful events and their ability to meet these demands
Efforts to reduce stress
depressive explanatory style
a habitual tendency to attribute negative events to causes that are stable, global, and internal
cognitive and behavioral efforts to reduce the distress produced by a stressful situation
general adaptation syndrome
a three-stage process (alarm, resistance, and exhaustion) by which the body responds to stress
the study of physical health and illness by psychologists from various areas of specialization
a biological surveillance system that detects and destroys "nonself" substances that invade the body
a phenomenon in which experience with an uncontrollable event creates passive behavior in the face or subsequent threats to well being
posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
a condition in which a person experiences enduring physical and psychological symptoms after an extremely stressful event
up-front efforts to ward off or modify the onset of a stressful event
cognitive and behavioral efforts to alter a stressful situation
a subfield of psychology that examines the links among psychological factors, the brain and nervous system and the immune system
a person's belief that he or she capable of the specific behavior required to produce a desired outcome in a given situation
the helpful coping resources provided by friends and other people
an unpleasant sate of arousal in which people perceive the demands of an event as taxing or exceeding their ability to satisfy or alter those demands
Anything that causes stress
one's happiness, or life satisfaction, as measured by self-report
Type A personality
a pattern of behavior characterized by extremes of competitive striving for achievement, a sense of time urgency, hostility, and aggression
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