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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Analogous features
  2. Inheritance of acquired characteristics
  3. Artificial classification system
  4. Taxon
  5. Eudicots
  1. a features that resemb;e eachother but are not based on homologous genes, those related by descent from common ancestral genes
  2. b a classification not based on evolutionary, phylogenetic relationships, but on other characters
  3. c the first law of mendelian genetics
  4. d a term that refers to any taxonomic group such as species, genus, family, etc...
    Type specimen: a single specimen that is the absolute standard for the species and its scientific name
  5. e the clade of angiosperms that contains most species formally known as dicots, broad leaves and pollen with more than one germination pore

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. : a clade that contains an ancestral taxon, and several but not all its descendants
  2. the several clades of angiosperms that arose before the rest of the angiosperms diverged into the monocots and eudicots
  3. a feature present in one (autopomorphy) or several (synopomorphy) derived members of a group but is not present in the ancestral members
  4. a trait that is shared ("symmorphy") by two or more taxa and their most recent common ancestor, whose ancestor in turn does not possess the trait.
  5. the concept of minimum complexity: the simplest hypothesis that explains several observation is the most parsimonious. In cladistics, a cladogram with the least number of steps is the most parsimonious

5 True/False questions

  1. Common ancestorduring divergent evolutiona common ancstor gives rise to two or more groups, in a cladogram, it is node that gives rise to the taxa being studied

          

  2. Cladogramthe evolutionary relationships where one taxon evolves into others that evolve into still more

          

  3. Phylogenythe concept of minimum complexity: the simplest hypothesis that explains several observation is the most parsimonious. In cladistics, a cladogram with the least number of steps is the most parsimonious

          

  4. symplesiomorphya trait that is shared ("symmorphy") by two or more taxa and their most recent common ancestor, whose ancestor in turn does not possess the trait.

          

  5. Nomenclaturewhere a common ancestor is located on a cladogram