5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Binomial system of nomenclature
- Homologous features
- Paraphyletic group
- a features that are the phenotypic expression of homologous genes, those related by descent from common ancestoral genes
- b : a system providing scientific names to organisms, each name consists of the genous name and the speciec epithet
- c a term that refers to any taxonomic group such as species, genus, family, etc...
Type specimen: a single specimen that is the absolute standard for the species and its scientific name
- d the concept of minimum complexity: the simplest hypothesis that explains several observation is the most parsimonious. In cladistics, a cladogram with the least number of steps is the most parsimonious
- e : a clade that contains an ancestral taxon, and several but not all its descendants
5 Multiple choice questions
- the first law of mendelian genetics
- the binomial name of a species
- a branching diagram sowing the phylogenetic relationships of several or many taxa
- during divergent evolutiona common ancstor gives rise to two or more groups, in a cladogram, it is node that gives rise to the taxa being studied
- where a common ancestor is located on a cladogram
5 True/False questions
Apomorphy → a feature present in one (autopomorphy) or several (synopomorphy) derived members of a group but is not present in the ancestral members
Basal angiosperms → the several clades of angiosperms that arose before the rest of the angiosperms diverged into the monocots and eudicots
Form genus → the evolutionary relationships where one taxon evolves into others that evolve into still more
synapomorphy → a trait that is shared ("symmorphy") by two or more taxa and their most recent common ancestor, whose ancestor in turn does not possess the trait.
symplesiomorphy → a trait that is shared ("symmorphy") by two or more taxa and their most recent common ancestor, whose ancestor in turn does not possess the trait.