16 terms

Ch. 11 BLW: Identification

Excise Tax
Hamiltonian economic measure repealed by Jefferson and Gallatin
Action Jefferson took toward Republican "martyrs" convinced under the Federalist Sedition Law
Midnight Judge
Derogatory Republican term for Federalist judges appointed at the last minute by President Adams
Marbury v. Madison
Precedent-setting Supreme Court case in which Marshall declared part of the Judiciary Act of 1789 unconstitutional
Judicial Review
The principle established by Chief Justice Marshall in a famous case, that the Supreme Court can declare laws unconstitutional
Action voted by the House of Representatives against Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase
Branch of military service that Jefferson considered least threatening to liberty and most necessary to suppressing the Barbary states
Santo Domingo
Sugar-rich island where Toussaint L'Ouverture's slave rebellion disrupted Napoleon's dreams of a vast New World empire
Oregon Country
Territory beyond Louisiana, along the Columbia River, explored by Lewis and Clark
Price paid by the United States for the Louisiana Purchase
The Chesapeake
American ship fired on by British in 1807, nearly leading to war between the two countries
Embargo Act
Jefferson's policy of forbidding the shipment of any goods in or out of the United States
Macon's Bill No. 2
An 1810 law that restored American trade with Europe but promised a new boycott against either France or Britain if the other would lift its blockade
War Hawks
Militantly nationalistic western congressmen eager for hostilities with the Indians, Canadians, and British
Battle of Tippecanoe
Battle in 1811 where General Harrison defeated the Indian forces under Tecumseh and Tenskwatawa (The Prophet)
Mr. Madison's War
Derisive Federalist name for the War of 1812 that blamed in on the Republican president