Terms in this set (40)
The perceptual tendency to group together stimuli that are near each other
. Which distance cue most likely contributes to the perception that the height of the St. Louis Gateway Arch is greater than its width?
The apparent narrowing of a river as it flows directly away from you into the distance best illustrates the depth cue known as
During a radio ad listeners are repeatedly asked, "What would life be without Fletchers Ice Cream?" At the end of the ad the same question is cleverly interrupted immediately after the word "without." At that point many listeners mentally respond with the words "Fletchers Ice Cream" Their response best illustrates the principle of
Martha insists that her dreams frequently enable her to perceive and predict future events. Martha is claiming to possess the power of
As Sherod walked away from the camera, the image of his body filled a smaller area of the television screen. Nevertheless, viewers did not perceive Sherod as suddenly shrinking. This illustrates
The organization of two-dimensional retinal images into three-dimensional perceptions is called
As she gazed down from a bridge at the rapidly flowing river, Nancy felt as though she were moving . Her experience best illustrates the phenomenon of
John Locke would have suggested that perceptual set results from
The extrasensory ability to perceive an automobile accident taking place in a distant location is to ______ as the extrasensory ability to know at any moment exactly what your best friend is thinking is to
Almost half the birds in the yard were brown and the rest were bright red cardinals, so Jimmy perceived them as two distinct groups of birds. This best illustrates the principle of
The tendency to see all the spokes in a bicycle wheel as part of a single unit best illustrates the principle of
A 3-D movie enhances one's sense of depth perception by simulating the effects of
Even though some of the letters on the traffic sign were blocked, Mark knew immediately the sign read "Yield."
. The perceptual tendency to group stimuli into smooth, uninterrupted patterns refers to the principle of
. Moon is to sky as _____ is to _______.
The inward muscle strain of the eyes indicates to the brain that an item is closer.
The perception of a humanlike face in the random configurations of the lunar landscape best illustrates the impact of ____ on visual perception.
Cocktail party effect
Because she was listening to the news on the radio, Mrs. Schultz didn't perceive a word of what her husband was saying. Her experience best illustrates
The phi phenomenon
The illusion of movement in animated neon signs is known as. an illusion of movement created when two or more adjacent lights blink on and off in quick succession.
In foggy weather, automobile drivers are especially likely to be misled by the distance cue known as
When Helen noticed that her classmates were all wearing expensive designer jeans, she suddenly perceived her own off-brand jeans to be very unattractive. This best illustrates the importance of
The impact of experience on perception is most clearly illustrated by
Helen knew the red tulip was closer to her than the yellow tulip because the red one cast a larger retinal image than the yellow one. This illustrates the importance of the distance cue known as
Retinal disparity; convergence
If Jill carefully watches Eduard as he runs directly toward her, she will experience an increase in _____ and an increase in _____
The perception that Bugs Bunny is hopping across a movie screen best illustrates
The tendency to see complete letters on a neon sign, even though some of the bulbs are out, illustrates the principle of
Stanley gazed down at his new grandson and saw the "spitting image" of his son, Hank. But when Edna first saw (the same) grandson, he looked just like her daughter at that age. This bias in perception exhibited by these proud grandparents demonstrates
After watching a scary television movie, Julie perceived the noise of the wind rattling her front windows as the sound of a burglar breaking into her house. Her mistaken interpretation best illustrates the influence of
You know that the bushes in front of your dorm are closer to you than the building because they block your complete view of the building. This is an example of
The tendency to hear the steady drip of a leaky sink faucet as if it were a repeating rhythm of two or more beats best illustrates
Even though you view a chair from different angles, you always perceive the object as a chair.
To signal increasing distance, the artist painted the bottom section of his canvas with a coarse, distinct image, and painted the top with a fine, indistinct texture.
Individual parts are combined to make a whole.
A bank teller was so distracted by the sight of a bank robber's weapon that she failed to perceive important features of the criminal's physical appearance
depth cues, such as retinal disparity, that depend on the use of two eyes.
a binocular cue for perceiving depth By comparing images from the retinas in the two eyes, the brain computes distance—the greater the disparity (difference) between the two images, the closer the object
depth cues, such as interposition and linear perspective, available to either eye alone
perceiving objects as unchanging (having consistent shapes, size, lightness, and color) even as illumination and retinal images change.
in vision, the ability to adjust to an artificially displaced or even inverted visual field.