AIMM Forklift Course
Terms in this set (83)
What are some responsibilities when you are applying for your forklift licence? (4)
1. Provide 100 points of ID
2. Provide a copy of the Statement of Attainment
3. Provide a passport photo
4. Do not lie or supply misleading information
How long do you have to lodge your licence application after assessment? What happens if you don't?
Have a max of 60 days or will require another assessment.
How often must you renew your licence?
Every 5 years and must keep address up to date
What is the definition of a trainee?
When you are enrolled in a course (for High Risk Work)
Can your boss let you drive the forklift if they know that you're not competent to do so?
What should you do if you're not competent to operate the machinery?
Stop work and get retrained or surrender license to WHS.
What are your primary responsibilities as a LHRW certificate holder?
You must work safely and not affect the safety of others
What sort of penalties can WHS impose upon a licence holder?
1. Suspend or Cancel licence
3. WHS may refuse to renew your licence in the future
Who are 3 people that you could talk to about hazards at work? (4)
1. Safety Officer
4. Managers who are authorised or site engineers
Definition of a hazard
a situation or even that has the potention to cause an accident, injury, loss of property or damage to the environment.
What are the common workplace hazards? (12)
Racking and Storage areas
Vehicles and Equipment
What are 5 considerations that you should make when planning your forklift work OTHER than site hazards? (8)
Type of load
Size of Load
Permit required for task?
Capacity of forklift
Type of attachment for the task
When should you apply hazard controls?
Before you start the job/task or whenever a new hazard is identified
In order of most effective to least effective what is the hierarchy of control? (6)
Eliminate the hazards
Substitute the hazard with something safer
Isolate the hazard from people
E S I E A P - Every Saturday I Eat Apple Pie
During what state of a task should you select the approproate PPE or safety equipment?
Before starting the task
Working near uninsulated powerlines can be very dangerous. What safety distances apply to Low Voltage?
Working near uninsulated powerlines can be very dangerous. What safety distances apply to Industrial Voltage?
Working near uninsulated powerlines can be very dangerous. What safety distances apply to High Voltage?
If you need to work within the exclusion zones what must you do? (4 answers)
1. Get permission from the power company
2. Power shut off where possible
3. If this is not possible the power line must be insulated
4. Further spotters may be required within the exclusion zone.
What would you do if you accidentally drove into powerlines? (3 actions)
1. Warn others to stay away
2. Remain in forklift until power supply is isolated/off
3. If possible, break contact
How could you find out the voltage of overhead powerlines?
Seek the advice of your local power authority
What are tiger tails used for when working near live power?
Tiger tails are used to identify overhead powerlines
Before shifting a load with a forklift you must consider?
ALL hazards and ALL controls (control measures)
What are 3 things that you could do to keep pedestrians safe when shifting loads with forklifts?
1. Use your warning devices
2. Place out signs and barriers
3. Control movement of persons with no-go zones (3metres away at all times)
If you were required to operate your forklift at night or in a darkened workplace what must be provided to work safely? (2)
1. Good lighting across the entire work area
2. Lighting sufficient enough to do the work safely
Why is it dangerous to operate a LPG, petrol or diesel powered forklift in a restricted space?
You could be overcome by dangerous fumes
What is the best style of forklift to be used in restricted spaces?
Why are lead acid batteries charged in a well ventilated area?
prevents the buildup of (explosive) hydrogen gas
What are some driving precautions that you should take when operating on a wet of slippery surface? (4)
1. Drive and corner slowly
2. Allow extra room for turns
3. No heavy braking
4. Allow extra braking time
Most forklifts are fitted with rear end steering systems, why is this dangerous?
Back end spins/turns faster than the front end (approx 3.5 times faster)
Who is at most risk from the end swing of a forklift?
People/Pedestrians near the forklift
Explain why it is dangerous to refuel the forklift while the engine is running.
You could start a fire/combustion/explosion.
What are three methods of communicating with other personnel? (6 options)
2. Written instructions
3. Verbal/Talking directly
4. Two-Way Radio
6. Ask Questions
List 4 things that you might be required to communicate in an emergency.
1. Alert about the danger
2. Communicate information about the emergency
3. Inform people about unsafe areas
4. Give directions to emergency services
If there was an emergency at you site which emergency vehicles should you give way to?
All of them
How could you find out the weight of a load before you lift it? (If you don't know the weight, don't lift it!) (3)
1. Calculate the weight
2. Con note
3. Weigh the load
List 3 reason why pre-start checks are made on forklifts each day?
1. Identify and report damage or faults
2. Prevent accidents
3. Maintains the forklift
Beside daily pre-start checks when should forklifts be inspected?
Visually inspect forklift every time you use it
List 8 checks that are made on a forklift before you start the engine
1. Topping up oil/fluids
2. Check the fork arms
3. Inspect the tyre/rim assemblies
4. Check the guards (overhead, load, foot)
5. Check the mast
6. Inspect the engine
7. Check the data plate (first)
8. Check the gas bottle date
What are 3 defects that you should look for on solid rubber tyres?
1. Uneven wear
2. Chunks missing
3. Worn down tread
List 6 checks that are made on a forklift after you start the engine.
1. Mast to full height
2. Steering (while moving)
3. Brakes (including hand brake)
5. Warning devices (reverse beep, horn, hazard lights)
6. Check all gauges
What would you do if you found a fault with the forklift?
Tag and report
What must you do if the data plate is missing or no longer readable?
Tag and report
If your forklift tyre(s) appear to be flat what must you do before you start operating?
Re-inflate the tyre immediately
Why is correct tyre pressure essential to safe forklift operations?
Because you could tip over if the pressure is incorrect
If your forklift tyres are badly damaged what must you do?
Tag and report
If your forklift engine or operating system starts to make abnormal noises what must you do immediately? (2)
Shut down immediately
Tag and report
The load guard on the forklift is provided for what two reasons?
1. Protects the driver
2. Protects the mast
What are the three guards on the forklift?
1. Overhead guard
2. Load guard
3. Foot guard
List the two occasions when an operator can make repairs or adjustments to the forklift?
1. Must be skilled
2. Must have permission
Before moving in reverse the operator should do what 3 things?
1. Check both mirrors and then look over both shoulders
2. Ensure warning devices are working correctly
3. If vision is obstructed; use a spotter/guide
Why is it important to continuously check your load while travelling? (2)
1. Safety for people
2. Load stays secure and structurally sound
If you can't see over your load what driving precautions should you take? (2)
1. Drive in reverse
2. Use a spotter/guide
When travelling up or down ramps which way should the load face?
Why does it face uphill?
To prevent a dropped/lost load or a tip over
Why is it unsafe to turn on ramps?
Turning on an incline can cause a tip over
Why is it dangerous to lift loads near or over other workers?
Unsafe work practice and can cause serious injury or death
Why can't you lift people on fork arm, pallets or loads?
Dangerous work practice and against safety regulations
What must a forklift be fitted with to allow you to drive a passenger around? (3)
1. Second seat
2. Seat belt
3. Hand hold
Why is it dangerous to drive or turn with a load in the air?
This creates instability and can cause the forklift to tip over
When travelling loaded or unloaded what is the max height for your forks/load?
No higher than the front axle
Where is the fulcrum point of a counterbalance forklift?
Under the front axle at the ground
Does all of the wieght behind the fulcrum act as a counterbalance?
Why is it dangerous to lift loads on one fork arm? (3)
Can cause damage to the fork arms, tip over or a lost load
What are some ways that you could tip over sideways? (8 options, know at least 5 for test)
1. Turning on a ramp
2. Speed in corners
3. Braking too hard in corners
4. Turning with raised load
5. Operating with a flat tyre
6. Operating with damaged solid tyres
7. Side shift not centred
8. Load weight not centred
What are 7 ways that you could tip over forwards or backwards? (Know 5 for test)
1. Incorrect travel direction on slopes
2. Incorrect use of forward tilt
4. Load not positioned against the fork heels
5. Increased load centre
6. Accelerating hard in reverse
7. Heavy braking
If your forklift starts to tip over what should you do? (3)
1. Hold on tight
2. Brace hourself
3. Lean away from the direction of fall
What is the purpose of a seat belt in the forklift?
Prevent the operator from falling out in a rollover
Why can't you add additional counterweights to a forklift?
No, because it is dangerous.
When stacking pallets of stock what are 3 things that you must consider before you build the stack?
1. Heaviest stock on the bottom
2. Hard flat level surface
3. Don't stack too high
If the pallet you were about to pick up was damaged what should you do?
Move stock onto a new pallet (move or re stack)
What if your pallet looked insecure or poorly packed? What would you do before moving it?
Re stack it.
What covers the gap between a truck and loading dock?
bridge plate, dock plate, ramp
What is load centre distance on a forklift?
Distance between the heel of the forks and the LOAD's centre of gravity.
If you load centre is greater than your forklift's rated load centre what effect will this have on your capacity?
Creates a reduction in the lifting capacity (Forklifts generally rated to 600mm. Industry standard because of 1200mm pallets).
If you don't place the load against the heels of the forklift how will this affect the forklift's stability?
Becomes unstable and could tip over.
What is the rated capacity of the forklift? It is a combination of 3 things...
1. Safe working load (SWL)
2. Different mast heights
3. Different load centres
List 8 places where the forklift cannot be parked at work?
1. Doorways and emergency exits
2. First aid stations
3. Blocking Emergency Equipment
4. Traffic and pedestrian areas
5. Aisles, walkways
6. Blind corners
7. Under overhangs
8. Refueling points
What are normal forklift parking procedures? (3)
1. Forks lowered flat to ground
2. Select neutral gear
3. Apply the hand brake
What should you do to keep the forklift stable if you are parking on a slope?
You must chock the wheels
What are 3 reasons why post operation checks are conducted?
1. Inspect for undetected damage
2. Inspect for leaks (fuel and hydraulics)
3. Isolate ignition and fuel source (turn off the gas!)
If you found a problem with the forklift during your post operation check what 3 actions must you take before leaving work?
3. Remove the key
Why do you remove the keys from the forklift?
Prevent un-authorised use.